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The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress

Steven Pinker


Enlightenment Now- The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress
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 9780698177888 (ebook)
 9780525559023 (international edition)
 Copyright©   
 2018 by Steven Pinker 

EPIGRAPH
Those who are governed by reason desire nothing for
themselves which they do not also desire for the rest of humankind.
—Baruch Spinoza

Everything that is not forbidden by laws of nature is
achievable, given the right knowledge.
—David Deutsch
....

PREFACE
The second half of the second decade of the third millennium would
not seem to be an auspicious time to publish a book on the historical
sweep of progress and its causes. At the time of this writing, my
country is led by people with a dark vision of the current moment:
“mothers and children trapped in poverty . . . an education system
which leaves our young and beautiful students deprived of all
knowledge . . . and the crime, and the gangs, and the drugs that have
stolen too many lives.” We are in an “outright war” that is “expanding
and metastasizing.” The blame for this nightmare may be placed on a
“global power structure” that has eroded “the underlying spiritual and
moral foundations of Christianity.”1

In the pages that follow, I will show that this bleak assessment of
the state of the world is wrong. And not just a little wrong—wrong
wrong, flat-earth wrong, couldn’t-be-more-wrong. But this book is not
about the forty-fifth president of the United States and his advisors. It
was conceived some years before Donald Trump announced his
candidacy, and I hope it will outlast his administration by many more.
The ideas that prepared the ground for his election are in fact widely
shared among intellectuals and laypeople, on both the left and the
right. They include pessimism about the way the world is heading,
cynicism about the institutions of modernity, and an inability to
conceive of a higher purpose in anything other than religion. I will
present a different understanding of the world, grounded in fact and
inspired by the ideals of the Enlightenment: reason, science,
humanism, and progress. Enlightenment ideals, I hope to show, are
timeless, but they have never been more relevant than they are right now.

The sociologist Robert Merton identified Communalism as a cardinal
scientific virtue, together with Universalism, Disinterestedness, and
Organized Skepticism: CUDOS.2 Kudos indeed goes to the many
scientists who shared their data in a communal spirit and responded
to my queries thoroughly and swiftly. First among these is Max Roser,
proprietor of the mind-expanding Our World in Data Web site, whose
insight and generosity were indispensable to many discussions in part
II, the section on progress. I am grateful as well to Marian Tupy of
HumanProgress and to Ola Rosling and Hans Rosling of Gapminder,
two other invaluable resources for understanding the state of
humanity. Hans was an inspiration, and his death in 2017 a tragedy
for those who are committed to reason, science, humanism, and progress.

My gratitude goes as well to the other data scientists I pestered and
to the institutions that collect and maintain their data: Karlyn
Bowman, Daniel Cox (PRRI), Tamar Epner (Social Progress Index),
Christopher Fariss, Chelsea Follett (HumanProgress), Andrew
Gelman, Yair Ghitza, April Ingram (Science Heroes), Jill Janocha
(Bureau of Labor Statistics), Gayle Kelch (US Fire
Administration/FEMA), Alaina Kolosh (National Safety Council),
Kalev Leetaru (Global Database of Events, Language, and Tone),
Monty Marshall (Polity Project), Bruce Meyer, Branko Milanović
(World Bank), Robert Muggah (Homicide Monitor), Pippa Norris
(World Values Survey), Thomas Olshanski (US Fire
Administration/FEMA), Amy Pearce (Science Heroes), Mark Perry,
Therese Pettersson (Uppsala Conflict Data Program), Leandro Prados
de la Escosura, Stephen Radelet, Auke Rijpma (OECD Clio Infra),
Hannah Ritchie (Our World in Data), Seth Stephens-Davidowitz
(Google Trends), James X. Sullivan, Sam Taub (Uppsala Conflict Data
Program), Kyla Thomas, Jennifer Truman (Bureau of Justice
Statistics), Jean Twenge, Bas van Leeuwen (OECD Clio Infra), Carlos
Vilalta, Christian Welzel (World Values Survey), Justin Wolfers, and
Billy Woodward (Science Heroes).
David Deutsch, Rebecca Newberger Goldstein, Kevin Kelly, John
Mueller, Roslyn Pinker, Max Roser, and Bruce Schneier read a draft of
the entire manuscript and offered invaluable advice. I also profited
from comments by experts who read chapters or excerpts, including
Scott Aronson, Leda Cosmides, Jeremy England, Paul Ewald, Joshua
Goldstein, A. C. Grayling, Joshua Greene, Cesar Hidalgo, Jodie
Jackson, Lawrence Krauss, Branko Milanović, Robert Muggah, Jason
Nemirow, Matthew Nock, Ted Nordhaus, Anthony Pagden, Robert
Pinker, Susan Pinker, Stephen Radelet, Peter Scoblic, Martin
Seligman, Michael Shellenberger, and Christian Welzel.
Other friends and colleagues answered questions or made
important suggestions, including Charleen Adams, Rosalind Arden,
Andrew Balmford, Nicolas Baumard, Brian Boutwell, Stewart Brand,
David Byrne, Richard Dawkins, Daniel Dennett, Gregg Easterbrook,
Emily-Rose Eastop, Nils Petter Gleditsch, Jennifer Jacquet, Barry
Latzer, Mark Lilla, Karen Long, Andrew Mack, Michael McCullough,
Heiner Rindermann, Jim Rossi, Scott Sagan, Sally Satel, and Michael
Shermer. Special thanks go to my Harvard colleagues Mahzarin
Banaji, Mercè Crosas, James Engell, Daniel Gilbert, Richard McNally,
Kathryn Sikkink, and Lawrence Summers.
I thank Rhea Howard and Luz Lopez for their heroic efforts in
obtaining, analyzing, and plotting data, and Keehup Yong for several
regression analyses. I thank as well Ilavenil Subbiah for designing the
elegant graphs and for her suggestions on form and substance.
I am deeply grateful to my editors, Wendy Wolf and Thomas Penn,
and to my literary agent, John Brockman, for their guidance and
encouragement throughout the project. Katya Rice has now
copyedited eight of my books, and I have learned and profited from
her handiwork every time.
Special thanks go to my family: Roslyn, Susan, Martin, Eva, Carl,
Eric, Robert, Kris, Jack, David, Yael, Solomon, Danielle, and most of
all Rebecca, my teacher and partner in appreciating the ideals of the
Enlightenment.
....


Table of Contents
ALSO BY STEVEN PINKER
TITLE PAGE
COPYRIGHT
DEDICATION
EPIGRAPH
LIST OF FIGURES
PREFACE
PART I: ENLIGHTENMENT
CHAPTER 1. DARE TO UNDERSTAND!
CHAPTER 2. ENTRO, EVO, INFO
CHAPTER 3. COUNTER-ENLIGHTENMENTS
PART II: PROGRESS
CHAPTER 4. PROGRESSOPHOBIA
CHAPTER 5. LIFE
CHAPTER 6. HEALTH
CHAPTER 7. SUSTENANCE
CHAPTER 8. WEALTH
CHAPTER 9. INEQUALITY
CHAPTER 10. THE ENVIRONMENT
CHAPTER 11. PEACE
CHAPTER 12. SAFETY
CHAPTER 13. TERRORISM
CHAPTER 14. DEMOCRACY
CHAPTER 15. EQUAL RIGHTS
CHAPTER 16. KNOWLEDGE
CHAPTER 17. QUALITY OF LIFE
CHAPTER 18. HAPPINESS
CHAPTER 19. EXISTENTIAL THREATS
CHAPTER 20. THE FUTURE OF PROGRESS
PART III: REASON, SCIENCE, AND HUMANISM
CHAPTER 21. REASON
CHAPTER 22. SCIENCE
CHAPTER 23. HUMANISM
NOTES
REFERENCES
INDEX


Screenbook
Enlightenment Now- The Case for Reason Science Humanism and Progress
....
VIKING
An imprint of Penguin Random House LLC
375 Hudson Street
New York, New York 10014

Charts rendered by Ilavenil Subbiah

Version_3

Brain, Mind, and Body in the Healing of Trauma

by Bessel van der Kolk, M.D.

1. Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic—physiopathology. 2. Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic—therapy.


The Body Keeps the Score- Brain, Mind, and Body in the Healing of Trauma
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 464 p
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 ISBN
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 Copyright©   
 2014 by Bessel van der Kolk
 Penguin supports copyright

Praise for The Body Keeps the Score
“This book is a tour de force. Its deeply empathic, insightful, and compassionate
perspective promises to further humanize the treatment of trauma victims,
dramatically expand their repertoire of self-regulatory healing practices and
therapeutic options, and also stimulate greater creative thinking and research on
trauma and its effective treatment. The body does keep the score, and Van der
Kolk’s ability to demonstrate this through compelling descriptions of the work of
others, his own pioneering trajectory and experience as the field evolved and
him along with it, and above all, his discovery of ways to work skillfully with
people by bringing mindfulness to the body (as well as to their thoughts and
emotions) through yoga, movement, and theater are a wonderful and welcome
breath of fresh air and possibility in the therapy world.”
—Jon Kabat-Zinn, professor of medicine emeritus, UMass Medical School; author of
Full Catastrophe Living
“This exceptional book will be a classic of modern psychiatric thought. The
impact of overwhelming experience can only be truly understood when many
disparate domains of knowledge, such as neuroscience, developmental
psychopathology, and interpersonal neurobiology are integrated, as this work
uniquely does. There is no other volume in the field of traumatic stress that has
distilled these domains of science with such rich historical and clinical
perspectives, and arrived at such innovative treatment approaches. The clarity of
vision and breadth of wisdom of this unique but highly accessible work is
remarkable. This book is essential reading for anyone interested in
understanding and treating traumatic stress and the scope of its impact on
society.”
—Alexander McFarlane AO, MB BS (Hons) MD FRANZCP, director of the Centre
for Traumatic Stress Studies, The University of Adelaide, South Australia.
“This is an amazing accomplishment from the neuroscientist most responsible
for the contemporary revolution in mental health toward the recognition that so
many mental problems are the product of trauma. With the compelling writing of
a good novelist, van der Kolk revisits his fascinating journey of discovery that
has challenged established wisdom in psychiatry. Interspersed with that narrative
are clear and understandable descriptions of the neurobiology of trauma;
explanations of the ineffectiveness of traditional approaches to treating trauma;
and introductions to the approaches that take patients beneath their cognitive
minds to heal the parts of them that remained frozen in the past. All this is
illustrated vividly with dramatic case histories and substantiated with convincing
research. This is a watershed book that will be remembered as tipping the scales
within psychiatry and the culture at large toward the recognition of the toll
traumatic events and our attempts to deny their impact take on us all.”
—Richard Schwartz, originator, Internal Family Systems Therapy
“The Body Keeps the Score is clear, fascinating, hard to put down, and filled with
powerful case histories. Van der Kolk, the eminent impresario of trauma
treatment, who has spent a career bringing together diverse trauma scientists and
clinicians and their ideas, while making his own pivotal contributions, describes
what is arguably the most important series of breakthroughs in mental health in
the last thirty years. We’ve known that psychological trauma fragments the
mind. Here we see not only how psychological trauma also breaks connections
within the brain, but also between mind and body, and learn about the exciting
new approaches that allow people with the severest forms of trauma to put all the
parts back together again.”
—Norman Doidge, author of The Brain That Changes Itself
“In The Body Keeps the Score we share the author’s courageous journey into the
parallel dissociative worlds of trauma victims and the medical and psychological
disciplines that are meant to provide relief. In this compelling book we learn that
as our minds desperately try to leave trauma behind, our bodies keep us trapped
in the past with wordless emotions and feelings. These inner disconnections
cascade into ruptures in social relationships with disastrous effects on marriages,
families, and friendships. Van der Kolk offers hope by describing treatments and
strategies that have successfully helped his patients reconnect their thoughts with
their bodies. We leave this shared journey understanding that only through
fostering self-awareness and gaining an inner sense of safety will we, as a
species, fully experience the richness of life.
—Stephen W. Porges, PhD, professor of psychiatry, University of North Carolina at
Chapel Hill; author of The Polyvagal Theory: Neurophysiological Foundations of
Emotions, Attachment, Communication, and Self-Regulation
“Bessel van der Kolk is unequaled in his ability to synthesize the stunning
developments in the field of psychological trauma over the past few decades.
Thanks in part to his work, psychological trauma—ranging from chronic child
abuse and neglect, to war trauma and natural disasters—is now generally
recognized as a major cause of individual, social, and cultural breakdown. In this
masterfully lucid and engaging tour de force, Van der Kolk takes us—both
specialists and the general public— on his personal journey and shows what he
has learned from his research, from his colleagues and students, and, most
important, from his patients. The Body Keeps the Score is, simply put, brilliant.”
—Onno van der Hart, PhD, Utrecht University, The Netherlands; senior author, The
Haunted Self: Structural Dissociation and the Treatment of Chronic Traumatization
“The Body Keeps the Score articulates new and better therapies for toxic stress
based on a deep understanding of the effects of trauma on brain development and
attachment systems. This volume provides a moving summary of what is
currently known about the effects of trauma on individuals and societies, and
introduces the healing potential of both age-old and novel approaches to help
traumatized children and adults fully engage in the present.”
—Jessica Stern, policy consultant on terrorism; author of Denial: A Memoir of Terror
“A book about understanding the impact of trauma by one of the true pioneers in
the field. It is a rare book that integrates cutting edge neuroscience with wisdom
and understanding about the experience and meaning of trauma, for people who
have suffered from it. Like its author, this book is wise and compassionate,
occasionally quite provocative, and always interesting.”
—Glenn N. Saxe, MD, Arnold Simon Professor and chairman, Department of Child
and Adolescent Psychiatry; director, NYU Child Study Center, New York University
School of Medicine.
“A fascinating exploration of a wide range of therapeutic treatments shows
readers how to take charge of the healing process, gain a sense of safety, and find
their way out of the morass of suffering.”
—Francine Shapiro, PhD, originator of EMDR therapy; senior research fellow,
Emeritus Mental Research Institute; author of Getting Past Your Past
“As an attachment researcher I know that infants are psychobiological beings.
They are as much of the body as they are of the brain. Without language or
symbols infants use every one of their biological systems to make meaning of
their self in relation to the world of things and people. Van der Kolk shows that
those very same systems continue to operate at every age, and that traumatic
experiences, especially chronic toxic experience during early development,
produce psychic devastation. With this understanding he provides insight and
guidance for survivors, researchers, and clinicians alike. Bessel van der Kolk
may focus on the body and trauma, but what a mind he must have to have
written this book.”
—Ed Tronick, distinguished professor, University of Massachusetts, Boston; author of
Neurobehavior and Social Emotional Development of Infants and Young Children
“The Body Keeps the Score eloquently articulates how overwhelming
experiences affect the development of brain, mind, and body awareness, all of
which are closely intertwined. The resulting derailments have a profound impact
on the capacity for love and work. This rich integration of clinical case examples
with ground breaking scientific studies provides us with a new understanding of
trauma, which inevitably leads to the exploration of novel therapeutic
approaches that ‘rewire’ the brain, and help traumatized people to reengage in
the present. This book will provide traumatized individuals with a guide to
healing and permanently change how psychologists and psychiatrists think about
trauma and recovery.”
—Ruth A. Lanius, MD, PhD, Harris-Woodman chair in Psyche and Soma, professor
of psychiatry, and director PTSD research at the University of Western Ontario; author
of The Impact of Early Life Trauma on Health and Disease
“When it comes to understanding the impact of trauma and being able to
continue to grow despite overwhelming life experiences, Bessel van der Kolk
leads the way in his comprehensive knowledge, clinical courage, and creative
strategies to help us heal. The Body Keeps the Score is a cutting-edge offering
for the general reader to comprehend the complex effects of trauma, and a guide
to a wide array of scientifically informed approaches to not only reduce
suffering, but to move beyond mere survival— and to thrive.”
—Daniel J. Siegel, MD, clinical professor, UCLA School of Medicine, author of
Brainstorm: The Power and Purpose of the Teenage Brain; Mindsight: The New
Science of Personal Transformation; and The Developing Mind: How Relationships
and the Brain Interact to Shape Who We Are
“In this magnificent book, Bessel van der Kolk takes the reader on a captivating
journey that is chock-full of riveting stories of patients and their struggles
interpreted through history, research, and neuroscience made accessible in the
words of a gifted storyteller. We are privy to the author’s own courageous efforts
to understand and treat trauma over the past forty years, the results of which
have broken new ground and challenged the status quo of psychiatry and
psychotherapy. The Body Keeps the Score leaves us with both a profound
appreciation for and a felt sense of the debilitating effects of trauma, along with
hope for the future through fascinating descriptions of novel approaches to
treatment. This outstanding volume is absolutely essential reading not only for
therapists but for all who seek to understand, prevent, or treat the immense
suffering caused by trauma.”
—Pat Ogden PhD, founder/educational director of the Sensorimotor Psychotherapy
Institute; author of Sensorimotor Psychotherapy: Interventions for Trauma and Attachment
“This is masterpiece of powerful understanding and brave heartedness, one of
the most intelligent and helpful works on trauma I have ever read. Dr. Van der
Kolk offer a brilliant synthesis of clinical cases, neuroscience, powerful tools
and caring humanity, offering a whole new level of healing for thtraumas
carried by so many.”
—Jack Kornfield, author of A Path with Heart
....

PROLOGUE
FACING TRAUMA
One does not have be a combat soldier, or visit a refugee camp in Syria or the
Congo to encounter trauma. Trauma happens to us, our friends, our
families, and our neighbors. Research by the Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention has shown that one in five Americans was sexually molested as a
child; one in four was beaten by a parent to the point of a mark being left on
their body; and one in three couples engages in physical violence. A quarter of
us grew up with alcoholic relatives, and one out of eight witnessed their mother
being beaten or hit.1
As human beings we belong to an extremely resilient species. Since time
immemorial we have rebounded from our relentless wars, countless disasters
(both natural and man-made), and the violence and betrayal in our own lives.
But traumatic experiences do leave traces, whether on a large scale (on our
histories and cultures) or close to home, on our families, with dark secrets being
imperceptibly passed down through generations. They also leave traces on our
minds and emotions, on our capacity for joy and intimacy, and even on our
biology and immune systems.
Trauma affects not only those who are directly exposed to it, but also those
around them. Soldiers returning home from combat may frighten their families
with their rages and emotional absence. The wives of men who suffer from
PTSD tend to become depressed, and the children of depressed mothers are at
risk of growing up insecure and anxious. Having been exposed to family
violence as a child often makes it difficult to establish stable, trusting
relationships as an adult.
Trauma, by definition, is unbearable and intolerable. Most rape victims,
combat soldiers, and children who have been molested become so upset when
they think about what they experienced that they try to push it out of their minds,
trying to act as if nothing happened, and move on. It takes tremendous energy to
keep functioning while carrying the memory of terror, and the shame of utter
weakness and vulnerability.
While we all want to move beyond trauma, the part of our brain that is
devoted to ensuring our survival (deep below our rational brain) is not very good
at denial. Long after a traumatic experience is over, it may be reactivated at the
slightest hint of danger and mobilize disturbed brain circuits and secrete massive
amounts of stress hormones. This precipitates unpleasant emotions intense
physical sensations, and impulsive and aggressive actions. These posttraumatic
reactions feel incomprehensible and overwhelming. Feeling out of control,
survivors of trauma often begin to fear that they are damaged to the core and
beyond redemption.
• • •
The first time I remember being drawn to study medicine was at a summer camp
when I was about fourteen years old. My cousin Michael kept me up all night
explaining the intricacies of how kidneys work, how they secrete the body’s
waste materials and then reabsorb the chemicals that keep the system in balance.
I was riveted by his account of the miraculous way the body functions. Later,
during every stage of my medical training, whether I was studying surgery,
cardiology, or pediatrics, it was obvious to me that the key to healing was
understanding how the human organism works. When I began my psychiatry
rotation, however, I was struck by the contrast between the incredible
complexity of the mind and the ways that we human beings are connected and
attached to one another, and how little psychiatrists knew about the origins of the
problems they were treating. Would it be possible one day to know as much
about brains, minds, and love as we do about the other systems that make up our
organism?
We are obviously still years from attaining that sort of detailed
understanding, but the birth of three new branches of science has led to an
explosion of knowledge about the effects of psychological trauma, abuse, and
neglect. Those new disciplines are neuroscience, the study of how the brain
supports mental processes; developmental psychopathology, the study of the
impact of adverse experiences on the development of mind and brain; and
interpersonal neurobiology, the study of how our behavior influences the
emotions, biology, and mind-sets of those around us.
Research from these new disciplines has revealed that trauma produces
actual physiological changes, including a recalibration of the brain’s alarm
system, an increase in stress hormone activity, and alterations in the system that
filters relevant information from irrelevant. We now know that trauma
compromises the brain area that communicates the physical, embodied feeling of
being alive. These changes explain why traumatized individuals become
hypervigilant to threat at the expense of spontaneously engaging in their day-today
lives. They also help us understand why traumatized people so often keep
repeating the same problems and have such trouble learning from experience.
We now know that their behaviors are not the result of moral failings or signs of
lack of willpower or bad character—they are caused by actual changes in the
brain. This vast increase in our knowledge about the basic processes that underlie
trauma has also opened up new possibilities to palliate or even reverse the
damage. We can now develop methods and experiences that utilize the brain’s
own natural neuroplasticity to help survivors feel fully alive in the present and
move on with their lives. There are fundamentally three avenues: 1) top down,
by talking, (re-) connecting with others, and allowing ourselves to know and
understand what is going on with us, while processing the memories of the
trauma; 2) by taking medicines that shut down inappropriate alarm reactions, or
by utilizing other technologies that change the way the brain organizes
information, and 3) bottom up: by allowing the body to have experiences that
deeply and viscerally contradict the helplessness, rage, or collapse that result
from trauma. Which one of these is best for any particular survivor is an
empirical question. Most people I have worked with require a combination.
This has been my life’s work. In this effort I have been supported by my
colleagues and students at the Trauma Center, which I founded thirty years ago.
Together we have treated thousands of traumatized children and adults: victims
of child abuse, natural disasters, wars, accidents, and human trafficking; people
who have suffered assaults by intimates and strangers. We have a long tradition
of discussing all our patients in great depth at weekly treatment team meetings
and carefully tracking how well different forms of treatment work for particular
individuals.
Our principal mission has always been to take care of the children and adults
who have come to us for treatment, but from the very beginning we also have
dedicated ourselves to conducting research to explore the effects of traumatic
stress on different populations and to determine what treatments work for whom.
We have been supported by research grants from the National Institute of Mental
Health, the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, the
Centers for Disease Control, and a number of private foundations to study the
efficacy of many different forms of treatment, from medications to talking, yoga,
EMDR, theater, and neurofeedback.
The challenge is: How can people gain control over the residues of past
trauma and return to being masters of their own ship? Talking, understanding,
and human connections help, and drugs can dampen hyperactive alarm systems.
But we will also see that the imprints from the past can be transformed by
having physical experiences that directly contradict the helplessness, rage, and
collapse that are part of trauma, and thereby regaining self-mastery. I have no
preferred treatment modality, as no single approach fits everybody, but I practice
all the forms of treatment that I discuss in this book. Each one of them can
produce profound changes, depending on the nature of the particular problem
and the makeup of the individual person.
I wrote this book to serve as both a guide and an invitation—an invitation to
dedicate ourselves to facing the reality of trauma, to explore how best to treat it,
and to commit ourselves, as a society, to using every means we have to prevent
it.
....


Table of Contents
Praise for The Body Keeps the Score
Title Page
Copyright
Dedication
PROLOGUE: FACING TRAUMA
PART ONE:
THE REDISCOVERY OF TRAUMA
1. LESSONS FROM VIETNAM VETERANS
2. REVOLUTIONS IN UNDERSTANDING MIND AND BRAIN
3. LOOKING INTO THE BRAIN: THE NEUROSCIENCE REVOLUTION
PART TWO:
THIS IS YOUR BRAIN ON TRAUMA
4. RUNNING FOR YOUR LIFE: THE ANATOMY OF SURVIVAL
5. BODY-BRAIN CONNECTIONS
6. LOSING YOUR BODY, LOSING YOUR SELF
PART THREE:
THE MINDS OF CHILDREN
7. GETTING ON THE SAME WAVELENGTH: ATTACHMENT AND ATTUNEMENT
8. TRAPPED IN RELATIONSHIPS: THE COST OF ABUSE AND NEGLECT
9. WHAT’S LOVE GOT TO DO WITH IT?
10. DEVELOPMENTAL TRAUMA: THE HIDDEN EPIDEMIC
PART FOUR:
THE IMPRINT OF TRAUMA
11. UNCOVERING SECRETS: THE PROBLEM OF TRAUMATIC MEMORY
12. THE UNBEARABLE HEAVINESS OF REMEMBERING
PART FIVE:
PATHS TO RECOVERY
13. HEALING FROM TRAUMA: OWNING YOUR SELF
14. LANGUAGE: MIRACLE AND TYRANNY
15. LETTING GO OF THE PAST: EMDR
16. LEARNING TO INHABIT YOUR BODY: YOGA
17. PUTTING THE PIECES TOGETHER: SELF-LEADERSHIP
18. FILLING IN THE HOLES: CREATING STRUCTURES
19. REWIRING THE BRAIN: NEUROFEEDBACK
20. FINDING YOUR VOICE: COMMUNAL RHYTHMS AND THEATER
EPILOGUE: CHOICES TO BE MADE
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
APPENDIX: CONSENSUS PROPOSED CRITERIA FOR DEVELOPMENTAL TRAUMA
DISORDER
RESOURCES
FURTHER READING
NOTES
INDEX


Screenbook
The Body Keeps the Score- Brain, Mind, and Body in the Healing of Trauma
....
VIKING
Published by the Penguin Group Penguin Group (USA) LLC
375 Hudson Street
New York, New York 10014

USA | Canada | UK | Ireland | Australia | New Zealand | India | South Africa | China penguin.com
A Penguin Random House Company First published by Viking Penguin, a member of Penguin Group
(USA) LLC, 2014

- Master the Mindset of Wealth -

JEN SINCERO


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 ISBN
 9780735222977 (hardcover)
 9780735223004 (e-book)
 9780735224209 (export)
 Copyright©   
 2017 by Good Witch LLC 

About the Author
Jen Sincero is a world-renowned author, success coach, and motivational speaker who’s spent over a
decade helping people transform their lives and their bank accounts. Sincero lives in Santa Fe, New Mexico.
....

Introduction
If you’re ready to make more money, you can. I don’t care how many times
you’ve tried and failed or if you’re so broke you’re selling your bodily fluids
for bus fare or how often you’ve found yourself center stage at the checkout
counter, feigning shock and indignation: “Are you sure? Declined?! That’s
impossible. Can you run it one more time?” No matter how out of the question it
may seem for you at this moment, you can make lots of money. Even I’ma-buyeveryone-
I-love-a-house-and-a-gold-tooth kind of money, if that’s what turns you on.

I’d also like to point out that there’s nothing horribly wrong with you if you
haven’t figured out how to do it yet. Money is one of the most loaded topics out
there—we love money, hate money, obsess over money, ignore money, resent
money, hoard money, crave money, bad-mouth money; money is rife with so
much desire and shame and weirdness it’s a wonder we can utter the word above
a whisper, let alone go out and joyfully rake it in. (Have you been brave enough
to read this book in public, I wonder? With the title in full view?)
It reminds me a lot of how we’ve been conditioned to deal with sex, another
gold medalist in the Topics That Totally Freak People Out Competition. When it
comes to having sex and making money, you’re supposed to know what you’re
doing and be all great at it, but nobody teaches you anything about it, and you’re
never supposed to talk about it because it’s inappropriate, dirty, not so classy.
Both money and sex can provide unthinkable pleasures, birth new life, and
inspire violence and divorce. We’re ashamed if we don’t have it, we’re even
more ashamed to admit we want it, we will do things/people we’re not nuts
about in order to get it, and I know I’m not the only one who has caught myself
fantasizing about a stranger dressed like Batman coming up and giving me some
on a bench in Central Park (am I?).

The good news is if you, like most people, have a troubled or conflicted
relationship with money, you have the ability to heal it, transform it, and become
such awesome pals with money that you wake up one day to find yourself
standing in the middle of the life you’ve always wanted to live. And you can
start making this change right now. All you need to do is wake up to what’s
holding you back, make new, powerful choices about what you focus on,
ensmarten yourself about money, and go for it like you ain’t never gone for it
before. Which is what this book will help you do.

I personally transformed my financial reality so quickly and massively that
everybody who knows me well is still wondering what the hell happened. And
believe me when I say if my broke ass can do it, you can do it too, no matter
how rickety or hopeless you may feel right now. Because I knew precisely zero
things about making money until I was in my forties. My forties! That’s the age
when most people possess things like houses and college funds for their kids and
an understanding of how the Dow Jones works. Meanwhile, at forty I possessed
a barren bank account, a deep wrinkle line between my eyebrows from stress,
and a first-name basis relationship with Sheila at the collection agency.

For the vast majority of my adult life I was a freelance writer, forever
scrambling for work that paid an insulting nonamount considering how time
consuming and challenging it was. Had I actually done the math, I would have
realized just how free my lancing was, but I instead chose to be in denial of the
facts, work harder, complain more, and just, you know, hope that I’d somehow
magically start raking in the dough or get run over by someone rich who would
then have to take care of me for the rest of my life. My watertight plan for
getting out of financial struggle was partly based on having a whole lotta hangups
about money (money is evil, rich people are gross, I have no idea how to
make it, I’d have no idea what to do with it even if I did know how to make it,
etc.), as well as my perpetual, and torturous, state of indecision. I knew I was a
writer, and I also knew I wanted to do more than sit alone in a room in my robe
and type all day, I just didn’t know what it was I wanted to do. And rather than
just picking something already and seeing where it led, I chose to bite my nails
down to bloody nubs and wallow in the I Don’t Know What the Hell I Want to
Do with My Life quagmire. For years. As in decades. It was so painful. And
devastating. And utterly paralyzing. This is how I found myself at the ripe old
age of forty, living in a converted garage, in an alley, in fear of requiring dental
work, excelling at financial mediocrity in the following ways:
Eating/drinking/filling my pockets with anything that was free, regardless of whether or
not I really liked it or needed it.
Walking countless blocks, in flip-flops, to save five dollars on valet parking.
Employing duct tape, instead of professionals, to repair things like leaking pipes,
busted shoe straps, and fractured bones.
Meeting friends at a restaurant for dinner, ordering a glass of water, tap is fine thanks,
I love the tap in this city, before explaining to the table how I’m really not hungry, I’m
stuffed actually, and then the free bread is placed on the table and disappears into my
mouth in a blur.

Choosing between phone service and health insurance.
Spending excruciating amounts of time purchasing anything, from a TV to a
bedspread to a wooden spoon, in order to thoroughly investigate every possibility of a
cheaper option, a forthcoming sale, a coupon code, or to entertain the question, “Is
this something I could perhaps make myself?”
If I’d put the same amount of time and focus that I put into freaking out about
not having money, cutting back my expenses, finding the deals, haggling,
researching, returning, refunding, redeeming, rerouting, rebating, into actually
making money, I would have been driving a car with working windshield wipers
years before I actually did.

This making money thing is not about never again making wise, informed
purchases or rejoicing in a good sale or filling up on bread. It’s about giving
yourself the options and the permission to be, do, and have whatever lights you
up, instead of acting like a victim of your circumstances. It’s about not
pretending everything is cool, I love having three roommates, none of whom
know how to use a sponge or a goddamned broom, instead of focusing on
making more money to afford yourself your own place for fear you’ll be judged
or you’ll suck at it or that it’ll be too hard or no fun or out of your reach. It’s
about creating the wealth that affords you the life you’d love to live instead of
settling for what you think you can get.

The human ability to rationalize, defend, and accept our self-imposed drama
is bananas. Especially because we have all the power within us to choose and
create realities that totally kick ass. We see it all the time with people who are in
miserable or even abusive relationships: “He’s just so sad and sorry after he
cheats on me. It breaks my heart. Plus, the make-up sex is superhot.” We see it
when people insist on staying in jobs they hate: “I spend my lunch breaks
weeping in the stairwell I’m so miserable. But the health insurance is amazing.”
Meanwhile their spirit and their time on this Earth are quickly swirling down the drain.
....


Table of Contents
Also by Jen Sincero
Title Page
Copyright
Dedication
Introduction
Chapter 1. Allowance
Chapter 2. Why You Ain’t Rollin’ in the Cheddah. Yet.
Chapter 2a. A Tiny but Mighty Chapter About Universal Intelligence
Chapter 3. Show Me the Money
Chapter 4. Best Practices for Busting Yourself
Chapter 5. The Hollering of Your Heart
Chapter 6. Your Mental Moneymaker
Chapter 7. Faith and Gratitudinal Gold
Chapter 8. Decisive Action: The Choice of Champions
Chapter 9. Movin’ on Up
Chapter 10. And Now, a Word from my Accountant . . .
Chapter 11. Your Inner Wealth
Chapter 12. Tenacity
Chapter 13. Change Loves Company
Acknowledgments
About the Author


Screenbook
You Are a Badass at Making Money- Master the Mindset of Wealth
....
VIKING
An imprint of Penguin Random House LLC
375 Hudson Street
New York, New York 10014
penguin.com

Published by the Penguin Group

Deborah Harkness

1. Vampires—Fiction. 2. Witches—Fiction. 3. Alchemy—Manuscripts—Fiction. 4. Science and magic—Fiction.


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Book Details
 Price
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 581 p
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 eISBN
 978-1-101-47569-0
 Copyright©   
 Deborah Harkness, 2011 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
My greatest debt is to the friends and family who read this book, chapter by
chapter, as it was written: Cara, Karen, Lisa, Margaret, and my mom, Olive. Peg
and Lynn, as always, provided excellent meals, warm companionship, and wise
counsel. And I am especially appreciative of the editorial work that Lisa
Halttunen did to prepare the manuscript for submission.
Colleagues generously lent me their expertise as I wandered far from my own
area of specialization. Philippa Levine, Andrés Reséndez, Vanessa Schwartz, and
Patrick Wyman steered me in the right direction whenever I took a misstep. Any
errors that remain are, of course, my own.
I will always be grateful that Sam Stoloff of the Frances Goldin Literary
Agency took the news that I had written a novel, and not another work of
history, with grace and good humor. He also read the early drafts with a keen
eye. Additional thanks to the agency’s Ellen Geiger, for her inspired choice of
dinner companions!
The team at Viking has become a second family to me. My editor, Car-ole
DeSanti, represents what every author hopes for when they are writing a book:
someone who will not only appreciate what you have put on the page but can
envision what story those words could tell if they were tweaked just so. Maureen
Sugden, copy editor extraordinaire, polished the book in record time. Thank you
also to Clare Ferraro, Leigh Butler, Hal Fessenden, and the rights group; Nancy
Sheppard, Carolyn Coleburn, and the marketing and sales team; Victoria Klose,
Christopher Russell, and everyone who has helped transform this work from a
stack of paper into a book.
Because this is a book about books, I consulted a substantial number of texts
as I wrote. Curious readers can find some of them by consulting the Douay-
Rheims translation of the Bible, Marie-Louise von Franz’s critical edition and
translation of Aurora Consurgens (Pantheon Books, 1966), and Paul Eugene
Memmo’s translation of Giordano Bruno’s Heroic Frenzies (University of North
Carolina Press, 1964). Those readers who do go exploring should know that the
translations here are my own and therefore have their idiosyncrasies. Anyone
who wants to delve further into the mind of Charles Darwin has the ideal place
to start in Janet Browne’s Charles Darwin: A Biography (2 vols., Alfred Knopf,
1995 and 2002). And for a lucid introduction to mtDNA and its application to
the problems of human history consult Brian Sykes, The Seven Daughters of Eve
(W. W. Norton, 2001).
....

It begins with absence and desire.
It begins with blood and fear.
It begins with a discovery of witches.


Table of Contents
Title Page
Copyright Page
Dedication
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11
Chapter 12
Chapter 13
Chapter 14
Chapter 15
Chapter 16
Chapter 17
Chapter 18
Chapter 19
Chapter 20
Chapter 21
Chapter 22
Chapter 23
Chapter 24
Chapter 25
Chapter 26
Chapter 27
Chapter 28
Chapter 29
Chapter 30
Chapter 31
Chapter 32
Chapter 33
Chapter 34
Chapter 35
Chapter 36
Chapter 37
Chapter 38
Chapter 39
Chapter 40
Chapter 41
Chapter 42
Chapter 43
Acknowledgements


Screenbook
A Discovery of Witches
....
First published in 2011 by Viking Penguin, a member of Penguin Group (USA) Inc.

Published by the Penguin Group
Penguin Group (USA) Inc., 375 Hudson Street, New York, New York 10014, U.S.A.
Penguin Group (Canada), 90 Eglinton Avenue East, Suite 700, Toronto,
Ontario, Canada M4P 2Y3 (a division of Pearson Penguin Canada Inc.)
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(a division of Penguin Books Ltd)
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PS3608.A7436D57 2011
813’.6—dc22 2010030425
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