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Your Definitive Source of Energy Center Knowledge for Health, Happiness, and Spiritual Evolution

Cyndi Dale

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Llewellyn’s Complete Book of Chakras- Your Definitive Source of Energy Center Knowledge for Health, Happiness, and Spiritual Evolution
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 Copyright©   
 2016 by Cyndi Dale

About the Author
Cyndi Dale (Minneapolis, MN) is an internationally renowned author, speaker,
healer, and business consultant. She is president of Life Systems Services,
through which she has conducted over 50,000 client sessions and presented
training classes throughout Europe, Asia, and the Americas.
Visit her online at CyndiDale.com.
....

Introduction
IF THE STARS should appear one night in a thousand
years, how would men believe and adore…
....

RALPH WALDO EMERSON
I often think of the chakras as stars that descended to earth and embedded in our
human form. In some ways, the story of chakras is similar to that of the stars. As
Emerson implies, their presence can be overlooked, ignored, or assumed simply
because they are content to exist, seen or unseen, as surely as day follows night.
But to explore the chakras is to investigate one of the truly great tales of the
universe. I have spent years uncovering its many twists and turns, an array of
stories enfolded within the larger tale. I wrote this book to present a
compendium of these stories pulled together into a single source, a definitive
storybook about chakras.

Chakras are energy centers in our bodies that, when perceived by those of us
who are blessed to be able to see them, look like wheels of light spinning in and
around the body—stars in miniature. Chakras are also “subtle” structures,
meaning that, in many ways, they operate under the radar of most people’s
perception, on a psychic or spiritual level. But they are also intricately
intertwined with our physical and emotional capacities. As key parts of a greater
subtle energetic anatomy that you will learn about in this book, they have no less
important a job to do than to manage all levels of our existence.
Chakras have been studied by hundreds of cultures over thousands of years.
These dynamic energy centers are linked with myriad aspects of our being, from
the body’s electrical system—measurable to an extent with diagnostic and other
medical devices—to subtler categories of vibration such as colors, sounds, and
elements. I call this gigantic basket of chakra ideas—and especially the practices
associated with them—“chakra medicine.” This term honors the traditional
meaning of medicine: the sum total of all knowledge, skills, theories, and
practices we can engage in to increase our well-being. Because chakras manage
all aspects of life, they can be seen as the key to health, happiness, and prosperity.
Chakras have been a subject of study by so many diverse peoples and for so
long that writing a book about chakras could take forever—a never-ending
account that starts in the early mists of time and slips over the horizon ahead. I
have dedicated myself to putting two covers on this eternal story, to serve as
markers; hence, I have aimed to make this book a comprehensive compilation of
the knowledge of chakras and chakra medicine as it exists today, drawing from
sources worldwide, beginning with the ancients and adding information of my
own that I have gained through extensive study and my energy healing practice.
But never fear: we will unfold this massive tale in bite-sized pieces. The
information I will share begins at a basic level and grows in complexity. It is,
therefore, an invitation to learn the fundamentals of “all things chakras” and then
go deeper, ever deeper. Eventually, through your own explorations, I hope that
you will add your own chakra discoveries to our shared wisdom base.
As you travel though this book, you’ll discover that I continually return to the
theme I already introduced: that the chakras in our bodies can be compared to
the stars in our galaxy. I enjoy this beautiful metaphor, but as you dive into the
discussions of the nature of energy in later chapters, you will see that this
connection is more than symbolic. Like our feelings about the stars, chakras
operate at all levels, and most practitioners would agree that they are ultimately
spiritual, pointing the way to our souls’ dreams.

I’ll start by covering the most fundamental aspects of the chakras and how they
perform; this will be the subject of chapters 1 through 15. I open part 1 with a
question: what is a chakra? This entire book has been written to fully answer that
question, but I will first answer it in basic terms. I’ll include a thumbnail sketch
of the history of chakra-related ideas, spanning civilizations and eras, as well as
a review of ancient Hindu ideas about energy, as the venerable Hindu system is
one of the best known today. This information will help you set your discovery
of chakras in a chronological context and reveal the mindset upon which all
modern data has been built. Later in the book we’ll explore these Hindu roots in
much greater depth.
Next I’ll outline scientific thought about the nature of energy. After all, as I
mentioned, chakras are essentially energy centers, so it is helpful to get a
refresher on what we have learned about the physics of energy. Again, this will
be a brief backgrounder that I will expand upon later in the book.
As you’ll soon discover, chakras are powerful tools for spiritual transformation.
While they do play physical and psychological roles in our lives, ultimately
chakras encourage spiritual growth. To begin orienting you to this aspect, I’ll
briefly describe an energetic force that awakens the chakras and paves the way
toward enlightenment. This force is called kundalini energy.
A thorough understanding of chakras requires many more and much deeper
layers of understanding, including an exploration of the nature of the energy in
our bodies; the psychological, intuitive, and physiological effects of the chakras;
the imagery and symbolism people have associated with them; and both
traditional and contemporary views of chakras’ aspects that include everything
from spiritual icons to archetypes. We will begin this in-depth journey in Part 2.
Part 2 examines the most familiar chakra model: the Hindu system. We will
travel through the seven in-body chakras in order, from the base of the spine to
the top of the head. Our first goal is to look at how they function in the most
fundamental of ways: physically and psychologically. We also will begin to add
the layers of knowledge needed for a fuller picture: Sanskrit names, purpose,
color, associated gland, and the part of the body that each chakra manages. I’ll
outline practical considerations, including related diseases and psychological
functions, and move into more esoteric topics such as the gods and goddesses
that reign within each bodily star. Symbols, archetypes, intuitive abilities, and
explorations of secondary chakras, as well as other features, 
help round out our chakra profiles.
We then turn the corner to engage in Part 3, Fundamentals of Chakra Medicine.
Here you will learn chakra medicine procedures and techniques. The first
chapter in this part introduces the concept of chakra medicine: practices you can
follow to work with chakras for greater health and well-being. You will learn
various ways chakras can assist you, and I’ll provide a plethora of processes you
can use to do everything from locating your chakras to clearing and balancing
them. Practices are loosely organized into Western and Eastern approaches.
Then it will be time to walk through the next doorway and into Section 2,
Chakras in Depth: Historical, Scientific, and Cross-Cultural Understandings. Up
to this point, you will have spent your time with the book learning and enjoying
all the basics of chakra methodology as if peering through a telescope into the
great night sky. Section 2 is the equivalent of getting into a spaceship and
actually flying to those stars, carrying precise equipment such as spiritual
treatises, finely tuned microscopes, and geographic maps. You will embark upon
a thorough review of the history of chakra concepts, examining Vedic, tantric,
and yogic chakra legends stretching as far back as 12,000 BCE. This history,
which we’ll cover in Part 4, will prepare you for part 5: The Science of Subtle Energy.
Part 5 kicks off with a primer on physical and subtle energy that reviews
relevant classical and quantum physics and all things scientific about the nature
of energy. With a better understanding of the energetic scenery in which chakras
grow, you will be ready to picture chakras within their larger familial structure:
your entire energetic anatomy. To truly work with chakras, you must also place
them within the physical body, which you will examine to better understand the
chakras’ unique structure. Finally, you will devote your time to the scientific
explanation of kundalini, the force that activates the chakras.
Then it’s around the world you go, plunging into a deeply meaningful odyssey
in Parts 6 through 8. Chakras are not exclusively Hindu in origin; they have
appeared in jungles, deserts, mountains, and seasides around the world and
across time. In addition, they are the subject of modern academic, spiritual, and
philosophical disciplines. Dozens of chakra systems are outlined and explained
within the context of their spiritual and cultural surroundings. On this aroundthe-
world tour, you will visit Asia, discover the ancient chakra systems of
Africa, the Middle East, Europe, and the Americas, and investigate modern
Western chakra systems.
Unique and contemporary chakra concepts and systems are the subject of Part
9, Chakras Et Cetera: Natural and Unusual Chakras, coverage of the relationship
between chakras and the earth, animals, and skies, as well as an analaysis of
contemporary and emerging chakra systems. Does the earth itself have chakras?
What about animals? This fascinating review is followed by a one-two-three of
recent and unusual chakras that are just making their way into our common
chakra medicine bag.
As will become clear throughout your pilgrimage, chakras are nothing new—
and they are always new; we never complete our chakra adventure. These points
of light touch every aspect of our lives as embodied reflections of the starry sky
we gaze upon when we count our blessings.


Table of Contents
List of EXERCISES
List of ILLUSTRATIONS
Color Illustrations
introduction
Section 1: Chakra Fundamentals and Basic
Practices
Part 1: What Are Chakras? A Pocket Guide to Your
Body’s Points of Light
1 Your Spinning Wheels of Light
2 What Is Kundalini?
Part 2: The Hindu Chakra System
3 Hindu Chakras: The Basic Seven
4 The First Hindu Chakra: Muladhara
5 The Second Hindu Chakra: Svadhisthana
6 The Third Hindu Chakra: Manipura
7 The Fourth Hindu Chakra: Anahata
8 The Fifth Hindu Chakra: Vishuddha
9 The Sixth Hindu Chakra: Ajña
10 The Seventh Hindu Chakra: Sahasrara
Part 3: Fundamentals of Chakra Medicine
11 The Benefits of Chakra Medicine
12 Chakra Medicine Methods I: Preparation and Analysis
13 Chakra Medicine Methods II: Healing
14 Chakra Medicine Practices: Eastern Methods
15 Chakra Techniques: From Mantras to Gemstones and
Everything in Between
Section 2: Chakras in Depth—Historical,
Scientific, and Cross-Cultural Understandings
Part 4: The History of Chakra Knowledge Through the
Lens of Ancient India
16 Ancient Vedic Scripture: The Four Canons
17 Chakras Taking Form: Divining Three Movements from the
Upanishads and Other Early Sacred Texts
18 Following the Light of Tantra and Yoga
Part 5: The Science of Subtle Energy
19 Your Energy Primer: Understanding Physical and Subtle
Energy (And a Few Matters in Between)
20 Chakras as Part of the Subtle Energy Anatomy
21 The Science and Structure of Chakras
22 Kundalini Rises: The Chakra Serpent
Part 6: Chakra Systems of Asia
23 Chakra Systems of India
24 Tibet: Indian Tantra Meets Buddhism
25 Other Asian Chakra Systems
Part 7: Ancient Chakra Systems Across Africa, Europe,
the Middle East, and the Americas
26 The African Continent
27 Chakra Systems of Old Europe
28 The Middle East
29 Chakra Medicine in the Americas
Part 8: Modern Western Chakra Systems
30 Early Western Mystics and Esoteric Orders
31 The Theosophical Society
32 Chakras Come of Age in the West
Part 9: Chakras Et Cetera: Natural and Unusual Chakras
33 Chakras in Nature
34 New and Unusual Chakras and Chakra Systems
CONCLUSION: Your “Great Perhaps”
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
GLOSSARY
ENDNOTES

EXERCISES
Exercise: The Two Vital Airs
Exercise: A Grounding Tool for Muladhara
Exercise: Special Muladhara Mudra Through “Knowing Your Nose”
Exercise: Left Nostril Breathing to Activate Water and Moon
Exercise: Increase the Flow of Prana to the Second Chakra
Exercise: Meditating on Svadhisthana
Exercise: Sounding the Universe Through Your Manipura
Exercise: Firing Up Your Manipura
Exercise: Pit Pose for Manipura Chakra
Exercise: Mantra to Create Peace Instead of Fear
Exercise: Wishing Upon the Celestial Tree
Exercise: Resonating the Bija Ham
Exercise: The Khechari Mudra: Opening to the Nectar of the Gods
Exercise: The Five Steps for Grounding
Exercise: Spirit-to-Spirit
Exercise: Finding Chakras with a Pendulum
Exercise: Establishing a Polarity Baseline Using Muscle Testing
Exercise: Establishing Your Sending and Receiving Hands
Exercise: Locating Chakras with Applied Kinesiology
Exercise: Locating Chakras with Hands-On Interaction
Exercise: Locating Chakras Intuitively
Exercise: Testing for Chakra Spin with a Pendulum
Exercise: Assessing with Applied Kinesiology
Exercise: Assessing with Hands-On Interaction
Exercise: Assessing with Intuition—Four Styles
Exercise: Chakra Clearing with Hands-On Interaction
Exercise: Chakra Clearing with Intuitive Meditation
Exercise: Healing Chakra Blocks
Exercise: Relieving Congestion in a Chakra
Exercise: Charging a Chakra
Exercise: Using a Light Wand
Exercise: Aligning Another’s Chakras
Exercise: Aligning Your Own Chakras
Exercise: Working with Beliefs in Seven Steps
Exercise: Ujjayi Pranayama
Exercise: Bhramari Pranayama
Exercise: Bhastrika Pranayama
Exercise: Anulom Vilom (Alternate Nostril Breathing)
Exercise: Udgeeth Pranayama
Exercise: Sukhasana Pose
Exercise: Padmasana Pose
Exercise: Jnana and the Chin Mudras
Exercise: Shambhavi Mudra
Exercise: Ashvini Mudra
Exercise: Navamukhi Mudra
Exercise: Dhyani Mudra (also called Samadhi Mudra)
Exercise: Vitarka Mudra
Exercise: Dharmachakra Mudra
Exercise: Bhumisparsha Mudra
Exercise: Abhaya Mudra
Exercise: Varada Mudra
Exercise: Uttarabodhi Mudra
Exercise: Mudra of Supreme Wisdom
Exercise: Anjali Mudra (also called Namaskara Mudra)
Exercise: Vajrapradama Mudra
Exercise: Karana Mudra
Exercise: Activating the Eyes
Exercise: Trataka
Exercise: Mula Bandha
Exercise: Uddiyana Bandha
Exercise: Jalandhara Bandha
Exercise: Maha Bandha
Exercise: First Chakra Pose: Virabhadrasana I (Warrior I)
Exercise: Second Chakra Pose: Parivrtta Trikonasana (Twisting Triangle Pose)
Exercise: Third Chakra Pose: Ustrasana (Camel Pose)
Exercise: Fourth Chakra Pose: Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose)
Exercise: Fifth Chakra Pose: Dhanurasana (Bow Pose)
Exercise: Sixth Chakra Pose: Adho Mukha Svanasana (Downward Facing Dog)
Exercise: Seventh Chakra Pose: Savasana (Corpse Pose)
Exercise: The Gayatri Mantra
Exercise: Employing a Yantra
Exercise: A Reiki Chakra Practice
Exercise: Archetype Meditation
Exercise: Lotus Meditation
Exercise: Using Gemstones for Chakra Healing
Exercise: A Guided Meditation to Visit the Heart of Brahman
Exercise: A Self-Assessment—Which Siddhis Have You Already Activated?
Exercise: Becoming the Peace of the Ancient Texts
Exercise: Breathing the Kriya Breath
Exercise: Putting Marma Touch Therapy into Practice
Exercise: Meditation on the Shakti Chakra
Exercise: An Experience of Theravada Buddhism
Exercise: Receiving a Tibetan Blessing
Exercise: Meditating on the Vajra Body
Exercise: Clearing Winds Exercise
Exercise: Massaging Away Negative Emotions
Exercise: Chakra Hand and Feet Reflexology
Exercise: Simple Zazen: Being One with Your Breath
Exercise: Strengthening Your Chakras
Exercise: Quick Shiatsu Energy Boost
Exercise: Clearing a Space with Crown Chakra Energy
Exercise: Clearing Your Orishas
Exercise: Entering the Fire Temple
Exercise: Remembrance with the Sufis
Exercise: In Times of Trouble
Exercise: Listening with Your Five Ears
Exercise: Cooling Off with the Kuna Indians
Exercise: Experiencing the Nawis
Exercise: Activating Your Own Chumpis
Exercise: An Incan Chakra Harmony Rite
Exercise: Walking This Good Earth: The Nawis of the Feet
Exercise: Living as a Rosicrucian
Exercise: Rosicrucian Meditation for Chakra Healing and Prayer
Exercise: Healing Techniques Using the Rays
Exercise: Perceiving the Colors in the Astral Body
Exercise: Steiner’s Advice for the Fifth Chakra
Exercise: Meditating the Cayce Way
Exercise: The Seven Catholic Sacraments
Exercise: Strengthening Your Hara Line
Exercise: Is There a Vortex in Your Area?
Exercise: Creating Your Own Songline in Your Environment
Exercise: Steiner’s Planetary Energy in Your Body
Exercise: Disembodying the Pain Body
Exercise: The Etheric Mirror: Seeing the Healing
Exercise: The Book of Life: Transforming the Negative to Positive

ILLUSTRATIONS
Illustration 1—Chakras As Vortexes
Illustration 2—The Location and Basic Functions of the In-Body
Chakras Illustration 3—The Plumed Serpent and an Ouroboros
Illustration 4—Kundalini and the Three Main Nadis (left) and the
Energy Flow of Ida and Pingala (right) Illustration 5—The Three Main Granthis
Illustration 6—The Five Koshas
Illustration 7—The Greek Caduceus and Kundalini Illustration 8—The Endocrine System
Illustration 9—The Seven Hindu Chakras
Illustration 10—The Muladhara and Parts of the Spine Illustration 11 —The Pancreas
Illustration 12—The Celestial Tree Wishing Chakra Illustration 13— The Thyroid and Parathyroid Illustration 14—The Lalana Chakra
Illustration 15—The Three Main Secondary Chakras of the Ajña
Illustration 16—The Location of the Pineal Gland Illustration 17— Sukhasana
Illustration 18—Padmasana
Illustration 19—The Jnana and Chin Mudras Illustration 20— Navamukhi
Illustration 21—Dhyani or Samadhi Mudra Illustration 22—Vitarka Mudra
Illustration 23—Dharmachakra Mudra
Illustration 24—Bhumisparsha Mudra
Illustration 25—Abhaya Mudra
Illustration 26—Varada Mudra
Illustration 27—Uttarabodhi Mudra
Illustration 28—Mudra of Supreme Wisdom Illustration 29—Anjali
or Namaskara Mudra Illustration 30—Vajrapradama Mudra
Illustration 31—Karana Mudra
Illustration 32—First Chakra Pose
Illustration 33—Second Chakra Pose
Illustration 34—Third Chakra Pose
Illustration 35—Fourth Chakra Pose
Illustration 36—Fifth Chakra Pose
Illustration 37—Sixth Chakra Pose
Illustration 38—Seventh Chakra Pose
Illustration 39—The Seven Sacred Geometry Signs of the Chakras
Illustration 40—Reiki Symbols
Illustration 41—Vishnu and the Sudarshana Chakra Illustration 42— 
The Greek Omphalos
Illustration 43—Nadis within the Sushumna Illustration 44—
The Auric Fields
Illustration 45—The Seven Rays
Illustration 46—The External Energy Bodies Illustration 47—
The Dantians
Illustration 48—The Human Spine
Illustration 49—Parts of the Brain
Illustration 50—Close-Up of the Glands Illustration 51—The
Electromagnetic Spectrum Illustration 52—Gap Junctions
Illustration 53—The Torus, Zero-Point Insert, and the Chakra
Illustration 54—Two-Sided Chakra (left) and the Heart’s Field
(right) Illustration 55—The Rising of Charges Illustration 56—
Bodily Areas Where Emotions Appear in Kundalini Situations
Illustration 57—A Thirteen-Chakra System Illustration 58—The Kshetram Points
Illustration 59—The Kshetram and Chakra Points in the Brain
Illustration 60—The Five Elemental Areas of the Body Illustration
61—The Five Koshas in the Body Illustration 62—The Marmani
Related to the Chakras Illustration 63—The Kalachakra Six-
Chakra System Illustration 64—The Four Taoist Forces Illustration
65—The Microcosmic Orbit Illustration 66—The Seven Chakra
Points in the Hand Illustration 67—The Seven Chakra Points on
the Foot Illustration 68—The Korean Dahnjons
Illustration 69—Pranic Healing and the Eleven Major Chakras
Illustration 70—The Kamitic Tree of Life Illustration 71—The Yoruba Cosmology
Illustration 72—The Yoruba Chakra System Illustration 73—The
“Chakra” Worlds of the Norse Illustration 74—The Zarathustrian
Amesha Spentas Illustration 75—Physical Location of the Lataf’a
Illustration 76—The Sephiroth on the Tree of Life Illustration 77—
The Chakras and the Kabbalah Illustration 78—The Taoist I Ching
and the Kabbalistic Tree of Life Illustration 79—The Seven Stones
of the Sioux Illustration 80—The Chumpi Energy Belts Illustration
81—The Hidden Thirteenth Nawi Illustration 82—The Nawis in
the Feminine Quilagos Tradition Illustration 83—
Leonardo da Vinci’s “Vitruvian Man”
Illustration 84—The Rose Cross Lamen
Illustration 85—The Rose Cross with Seven Roses Illustration 86— 
The Power of Ten
Illustration 87—The Rose in the First Chakra Square Illustration 88
—Blavatsky’s Planes Within Planes Illustration 89—The
Theosophical Constitution of the Human Being Illustration 90—
The Shape and Structure of a Chakra Illustration 91—Leadbeater’s
Chakra System Illustration 92—Brennan’s Planes of Reality and
Auric Field Layers Illustration 93—Brennan’s View of the Chakras
Illustration 94—The Twelve-Chakra System Illustration 95—
Transpersonal Chakras Illustration 96—The Hara Line Chakras
Illustration 97—The Antakarana Symbol Illustration 98—Crop
Circles and Chakras Illustration 99—Animal Chakras


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Llewellyn’s Complete Book of Chakras- Your Definitive Source of Energy Center Knowledge for Health, Happiness, and Spiritual Evolution
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Translated with an Introduction and Commentary by

CHRISTOPHER GILL


Marcus Aurelius- Meditations, Books 1-6
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 Christopher Gill 2013

PREFACE
This book provides a new translation and commentary on the fi rst half of
Marcus Aurelius’ Meditations, together with a full introduction on the
Meditations as a whole. Apart from Hadot’s commentary on Book 1, this is,
I believe, the fi rst commentary on an extended part of the Meditations since
Farquharson’s two- volume study of 1944. As in other volumes in the series,
discussion of part of a text offers a bridge towards understanding the entire
work. The main focus in the introduction and commentary is on the philosophical
content, especially the question how and how far the Meditations
relates to Stoic theory in general. The volume is also designed to bring out
the distinctive style and mode of refl ection in the work and what seems to
be its principal function, to help Marcus to take forward a life- long project
of ethical self- improvement. This project has a special interest in the
modern context, in the light of current concern with personal development
and pathways to happiness.
This volume joins earlier books in the series on Seneca and Epictetus in
presenting versions of what we can describe as ‘practical ethics’ in the
Roman imperial period. The appearance of these three volumes marks a
greater willingness on the part of scholars to take such writings seriously as
philosophy and to explore their characteristic idiom and line of thought.
This book, like others in the series, builds on recent intensive academic
work on Hellenistic and Roman philosophy, including studies of the
Meditations. From my own standpoint, the book continues my examination
of ethics and psychology, including the therapy of emotions, in Hellenistic
and Roman thought, especially Stoicism. The focus here is on a single—
intriguing and suggestive—text. In future work, I plan to refl ect in broader
terms on the signifi cance of Stoicism for modern thought about ethics and
the interface of ethics with psychology and the study of nature, as well as on
the possible uses of Stoic practical ethics for modern purposes.
The completion of this book was made possible by a semester’s research
study leave provided by the University of Exeter, along with a nine- month
Fellowship funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council; this
support has been invaluable and is much appreciated.

I would like to thank, very strongly, the general editors, Jonathan Barnes
and Tony Long, for agreeing to include this work in the series, and for their
acute and detailed comments on all parts of the volume. I am grateful also
to Marcel van Ackeren for his perceptive observations on the introduction
and for the stimulus offered in various ways by his own recent work on the
Meditations. Of course, all the remaining errors of fact and judgement in
this book are my responsibility. I would also like to thank Peter Momtchiloff
for his support and all the staff of Oxford University Press involved in the
preparation of the book for their characteristically careful and helpful
work. I am very grateful to Petra Bielecki for her help towards compiling
the Index Locorum.

The book also builds on my previous work on the Meditations, including
providing the introduction and notes for a complete new translation by
Robin Hard, prepared originally for Wordsworth Classics and subsequently
revised for Oxford World’s Classics. Collaboration with Robin on
these and related volumes has always been both congenial and instructive.
I have also gained from helpful comments by other scholars on several
papers on Marcus. These were given at a 2004 conference on Greek and
Roman philosophy (100 BC–200 AD) at the Institute of Classical Studies in
London University; a 2006 colloquium on Platonism and Stoicism at
Gargnano organized by the University of Milan; a 2007 conference on
Meditations at Cambridge University; and a 2009 conference on Marcus
Aurelius (the fi rst ever, as far as we know) at the University of Cologne.
Three of these papers are cited in the Bibliography as Gill 2007a and 2007b and 2012b.

During a career in university teaching spanning more than forty years
(mostly at Aberystwyth and Exeter), I have been fortunate in being able to
teach regularly Hellenistic and Roman philosophy, including the
Meditations. I have benefi ted greatly from the responses and insights of my
students, and also, more broadly, from those of my colleagues, in discussions
and seminar- papers, especially at Exeter. In a more intangible, but
more important, way, I have also benefi ted from the companionship and
support of colleagues and sometimes students who have become good
friends. This volume is dedicated to them with great warmth.
....

Introduction
Overview
The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius is an exceptional philosophical work,
by ancient—or any other—standards. It is a refl ective notebook by a
Roman emperor, apparently written for his own private use in the last
twelve years of his life when he was campaigning in Germany. Apart from
Book 1, there is no clear organization or system but rather a series of loosely
connected, short observations. Although the main underlying infl uence is,
evidently, Stoicism, the work is non- technical and distinctive in style and
seems at some points out of line with Stoic theory.
What can philosophically minded scholars and students (the main target
audience of this volume) hope to learn from a work of this kind? It would be
unrealistic to expect sustained or authoritative analysis of specifi c aspects
of Stoic doctrines. What we fi nd are repeated attempts to encapsulate, in a
few, highly charged sentences, the broad vision of human life and its larger
cosmic setting offered by Stoicism. Above all, the work communicates with
remarkable power what it means to try to live one’s life—sincerely and
urgently—according to Stoic principles. At the heart of the Meditations, I
think, is an idea central to Stoic ethics, though not perhaps unique to
Stoicism. The key thought is that, over and above the biological or physical
and purely external or formal dimensions of our existence, we should aim
to shape our lives as the expression of an ongoing journey towards an ideal
state of character, understanding, and mode of interpersonal relationship,
which should constitute our target even though we will never achieve it
fully. In the light of this larger project, Marcus addresses challenges of
which he is especially conscious but which are also universal human
concerns. These are, above all, facing the looming presence of our own
death, and recognizing the signifi cance of our communal roles and personal
relationships in spite of our shared mortality and transience. Marcus also
addresses in his own distinctive way broader topics in the interface between
ethics and logic or the study of nature that were crucial for Stoicism. He
looks for reassurance, despite some uncertainties, that the capacities of
human psychology and the nature of the universe support the kind of
ethical vision that Stoicism offers. Understood in this way, the Meditations
can be seen as a genuinely philosophical text, on some accounts of ‘philosophy’
at least, and the work can have its own special resonance for modern
readers as it has done for preceding generations.

This introduction discusses the Meditations as a whole, although the
translation and commentary deal only with the fi rst half of the work, Books
1–6. The introduction is a rather full one, in comparison with other
volumes in this series. Marcus’ work, with its short and seemingly disconnected
passages (which we call ‘chapters’) and its rather elusive doctrinal
position, benefi ts from a broader interpretative discussion to provide a
context for the commentary, which is focused on the individual chapters. I
begin by outlining the main formal features and what seems to be the
overall function of the Meditations. Next, I consider how far we can identify
a single intellectual or ethical project or programme underlying
Marcus’ mosaic of brief, sometimes oracular or even fragmentary, refl ections.
I do so partly by considering some recent scholarly approaches to this
question and partly by outlining four main strands in the framework of
thinking expressed in the work, which are examined later in this introduction.
The fi rst and most important strand is Marcus’ ethical outlook, above
all his core project in the Meditations, that of living one’s life as an ongoing
journey of self- improvement. Marcus’ understanding of this project
depends on a complex of Stoic ideas about development, society and politics,
and emotions. A second important strand in the work is Marcus’
recurrent preoccupation with human death and transience, especially his
own. Although this theme is often considered by scholars on its own, I
suggest that it is strongly informed by the fi rst major strand, Marcus’
ethical outlook. The two fi nal strands fall within Marcus’ exploration of
the interface between ethics and other branches of philosophy, namely
logic or dialectic and physics or the study of nature. In this connection, I
examine Marcus’ distinctive way of dealing with questions crucial for
Stoicism, namely, how, and how far, human psychological capacities and
the nature of the universe as a whole are compatible with Stoic ethical
ideals. I see these questions as forming the other two main strands in the
work. A recurrent theme of my discussion of these two latter strands is the
much debated question whether the Meditations constitute orthodox Stoic
doctrine, in so far as this can be defi nitely established.2 Although I do not
ignore the features of the Meditations that have been seen as non- standard,
I think Marcus is much more in line with mainstream Stoicism than is
sometimes claimed. On the interpretation offered here, the Meditations do
not only offer a unique and powerful version of ancient practical ethics.
They also provide an eloquent, if unusual, statement of the main principles
of Stoic ethics and of their interconnections with Stoic theory more broadly.
....


Table of Contents
Abbreviations and Conventions xi
INTRODUCTION xiii
Overview xiii
The Meditations—Main Features xv
Is There a Core Project? xxi
Marcus’ Ethical Outlook xxxiv
Confronting Death and Transience xlix
Ethics and Other Branches of Philosophy: Psychology lii
Ethics and Other Branches of Philosophy: the Universe lxiii
INTRODUCTION TO BOOK 1 lxxv
Note on the Text and Translation lxxxv
TRANSLATION 1
Book 1 3
Book 2 9
Book 3 14
Book 4 20
Book 5 30
Book 6 40
COMMENTARY 51
Book 1 53
Book 2 86
Book 3 104
Book 4 119
Book 5 145
Book 6 168
Bibliography 197
List of Main Themes in Meditations 2–6 206
Index Locorum 208
General Index 215

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The Transformational Healing Power of Past-Life Memories

Brian L. Weiss and Amy E. Weiss

1. Reincarnation therapy. 2. Regression (Psychology)


Miracles Happen- The Transformational Healing Power of Past-Life Memories
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 2012 by Brian L. Weiss, Amy E. Weiss

About the Author
BRIAN WEISS, M.D., is America’s leading authority in past-life regression
therapy. A graduate of Columbia University and Yale School of Medicine,
Weiss is the author of multiple books including the New York Times bestseller
Many Lives, Many Masters. Visit him online at www.brianweiss.com.

AMY E. WEISS graduated summa cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa, from Columbia
University with a B.A. in psychology. She received a Master of Fine Arts in
fiction writing from Washington University in St. Louis, where she won the
Carrie S. Galt prize for fiction, and a Master of Social Work from Barry
University. A certified hypnotherapist and award-winning nature photographer,
she lives in Miami, Florida.

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Introduction
On a beautiful summer afternoon in New York in July 2010, my wife, Carole,
and I were driving up the tree-lined Taconic Parkway toward the Omega
Institute, a rustic retreat center where we teach an intensive course on past-life
regressions. We love teaching this course. Incredible events happen every day,
again and again. Participants not only remember past lives but have amazing
spiritual or healing experiences, find soul mates, receive messages from departed
loved ones, access profound wisdom and knowledge, or encounter some other
mystical and marvelous event. Carole and I have witnessed such lifetransforming
occurrences over the years in these workshops and trainings, and
we feel blessed to be able to facilitate and observe them. Often we do not know
that a particularly powerful experience has just transpired in the workshop. The
person may need time to process it, and we will only hear of it in a later e-mail or letter.

At that moment on the sun-dappled highway, Carole’s BlackBerry buzzed
with an e-mail describing another one of these wonderful workshop healings, a
message relaying such ancient wisdom yet arriving to us through this most
modern technology. The timing was perfect, for we were about to reenter the
very place where we had observed so many similar happenings. We never knew
exactly which amazing events and changes would transpire—only that they
would. Carole turned to me and observed in her wise, understated way:
“Sometimes miracles happen.”
Indeed, sometimes they do. The miracles may be large ones that affect the
entire group. They may be small and silent. No matter their scope, the
transformation is permanent. Relationships are repaired. Souls are nourished.
Lives acquire newer and deeper meaning. Miracles happen.
A miracle happened for me on the day that a patient named Catherine walked
into my office and introduced me to an entire spiritual universe that I had never
believed to exist. My earlier books contain a very detailed account of her
experiences, and they describe how her life was permanently altered for the
better as a result of them. My own life was affected at least as much. Before
uncovering her amazing past-life memories, I had been a left-brained, obsessivecompulsive
academic. I had graduated magna cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa, with a
degree in chemistry from Columbia University. I earned my medical degree
from the Yale University School of Medicine, where I was the chief resident in
psychiatry. Completely skeptical of “unscientific” fields such as parapsychology
and reincarnation, I was the chairman of a prestigious psychiatry department at
Mount Sinai Medical Center in Miami, and I had authored more than forty
scientific articles and book chapters in the fields of psychopharmacology, brain
chemistry, and Alzheimer’s disease. Catherine turned my skepticism—and my
life—upside down.

Although it has been over thirty years since that day, I still remember the
very first time that she crossed the invisible boundary of her current life and
entered the realm of other lifetimes. She was in a deeply relaxed state, her
eyelids lightly shut but her concentration intense.
“There are big waves knocking down trees,” she whispered in a hoarse voice
as she described an ancient scene. “There’s no place to run. It’s cold; the water is
cold. I have to save my baby, but I cannot . . . just have to hold her tight. I
drown; the water chokes me. I can’t breathe, can’t swallow . . . salty water. My
baby is torn out of my arms.” Her body had tensed; her breathing accelerated.
Suddenly, her body and her breathing relaxed completely.
“I see a cloud . . . my baby is with me. And others from my village. I see my brother.”
My skepticism needed more time to erode, but the process had begun.
Catherine’s severe symptoms began to disappear as she remembered more
scenes from this and other prior lifetimes. I knew that imagination could not
dissolve such chronic symptoms; only actual memories could. Catherine would
go on to remember many historical facts and details from her past lives, which
we were sometimes able to confirm. She was also able to relate private truths
from my own life, truths that she had no obvious way of knowing or discovering.
She would tell me these personal facts while she floated in that beautifully
relaxed state in between physical lifetimes.
Those powerful evidential encounters with Catherine began to open my mind
and to erase my doubts. I found other reputable clinicians conducting regressions
and research, and I became further convinced. Ever since Many Lives, Many
Masters, my first book, was published in 1988, I have treated over four thousand
individual patients using past-life regression therapy and many, many more in
large groups during my experiential workshops. Each case validates and
confirms, teaches and expands. Each case reveals more of life’s mystery. In that
time, I have met with past-life pioneers and luminaries from all over the world.
Where there was once disbelief, there is now carefully collected knowledge and
wisdom. The stories in this book will propel you on the very same path and lead
you from doubt to discovery. Just open your own mind and let this miraculous journey begin.

In the workshops that I conduct, approximately two-thirds of the audience
successfully remembers episodes from previous lives. Their memories and
recollections frequently heal emotional and physical maladies. Symptoms
resolve even though the memory may not be absolutely accurate, for an error in
recall does not negate the truth and importance of the memory. As an example,
in a regression you may recall the trauma, chaos, and even the entire emotional
reaction of your mother when you were three years old and ran into the street,
almost getting hit by a black Buick. When you check with your mother, it turns
out that the car was a navy blue Cadillac. Otherwise, everything else in your
recall was accurate. This slight degree of distortion is acceptable. Memory is not
literal time travel. And if, in describing the memory of the near accident, you
used a word that you did not learn until you were twelve, this is also fine. Your
observing and describing mind is your present-day consciousness, not your
three-year-old brain. You never actually stepped into a time machine. Hypnosis
is the tool I use to help people recall such childhood events—and more. Many of
my patients and the people who have attended my workshops are able to
remember events not only from their childhood but also from when they were in
their mothers’ wombs, from that mystical state when they were in between lives,
and from past lives.

Throughout the years, I have encountered people whose preconceived notions
about past-life regression therapy have compelled them to dismiss the concept
entirely. They argue that the memories are distorted or inaccurate, as I have
addressed above, or that its therapeutic effects can be ascribed to wishful
thinking, or that everyone who has a regression erroneously identifies
themselves as a famous historical figure in a past life. Such critics are vocal but
misinformed. This book contains numerous stories of people who have
undergone or performed their own regressions, and together they present a
catalog of an incredible diversity of experiences that definitively challenges such
assumptions. Its pages contain far more recollections of paupers and peasants
than people of prominence. Imagination or fantasy does not cure deeply
entrenched physical or mental conditions, yet this book is brimming with
examples of how remembering our past lifetimes does—and neither the patient
nor the therapist even needs to believe in this concept for the healing to occur,
just as neither Catherine nor I did at first. The stories in this book, like a
microcosm of the entire field of regression therapy, illustrate a widely varying
range of past lives, yet they also point again and again to the fundamental
commonalities in our soul’s journey and evolution. To open your mind to their
truths—that we are immortal and eternal beings who have lived before and will
live again, that we are all one, and that we are all here on Earth to learn lessons
of love and compassion—is, to borrow from that well-known quote, to take one
important step for a man and one giant leap for mankind.

Whenever my patients and workshop participants successfully remember one
of their past lives, a direct avenue to divine wisdom and to physical or emotional
wellness is established. The awareness that we have had multiple lifetimes,
separated by spiritual interludes on the other side, helps to dissolve the fear of
death and to bring more peace and joy into the present moment. Sometimes, just
the remembrance of past-life traumas leads to incredible insights and healings.
This is the rapid route.
Those who have not had a past-life memory can attain understanding and an
enhanced perspective by witnessing or reading about the experiences of others.
An empathic identification can be a powerful transformative stimulus. This is an
alternative route, where the direction of progress is more important than the
speed. We will all eventually reach a state of enlightened awareness.
Reincarnation, the concept that we have all lived past lives, is the door
through which I entered a greater level of understanding. Catherine opened the
door for me, and I have subsequently held it open for many more.
But there are many doors. People have accessed the higher realms through
near-death experiences, through mystical encounters, or through meditation.
Others have had a sudden insight or “aha” moment. All doors lead to the same
place: a transcendent recognition that our true nature is spiritual, not physical.
There often is a simultaneous awareness that we are all interconnected and that
we are somehow manifestations of one energy.
The author Paolo Coelho writes: “Life is the train, not the station.” On our
soul’s journey home to a state of infinite love and wisdom, a journey filled with
mystery and miracles, we rest, recuperate, and reflect at the stations, in between
lifetimes, until it is time to board again: another train, another body. There is
only one home and eventually we will all return there, sooner or later. It is a
place of bliss. This book will help you find its shores.
The treasure of this book lies in the stories carefully nurtured and harvested
by readers and workshop participants over the past twenty-three years. Shared
here, the experiences underlie and honor everything that I have written about and
taught. In a thousand voices, these stories validate not only the phenomena of
past-life regressions but the entire psychospiritual universe. You will read of
souls and soul mates, of the life that is found after death, of present lives being
utterly transformed by encounters with the past. The stories share how mind and
body can be profoundly and permanently healed. They tell how grief can be
changed to comfort and hope, and how the spiritual world interpenetrates and
enriches our physical world at all times. These stories are filled with wisdom,
love, and deep knowledge. They are humorous and serious, brief and extensive,
but always wise and instructive. Gleaned from all over the world, the shared
experiences will help many thousands of souls toiling through their current lives.
Helping others to heal, to understand, and to progress along their spiritual paths
is the soul’s noblest duty.

Reading the stories and reflections in this book is like experiencing a hundred
vicarious regressions. Powerful resonances to the reader’s own latent past-life
memories stimulate the subconscious and elicit a heightened awareness. The
deeper mind discovers new possibilities of physical and emotional healing. A
comprehension of our higher nature—that we are the soul, not the body or the
brain—leads to profound shifts in our core values and aspirations. And then the
most important transformation of all begins. Our consciousness awakens, opens
its divine but dormant eyes, and discerns its spiritual path. The stories that have
been selected to be in this book do not merely describe these gentle wake-up
calls, they provide them. To read them is to be changed in some ineffable yet indelible way.

At that moment of awakening, when we discover our inherent nature as
eternal beings, doubt disappears. As if an ancient alchemist sprinkled his magic
dust on us, fear is permanently transmuted into inner peace, despair into hope,
sadness into joy, hate into love. At the level of the soul, anything can happen.
Words have their own alchemical power. This book is not a collection of
stories; it is a collection of transformative possibilities. By reading about and
empathizing with the regression experiences of others, we gain a deep
connection to their immense wisdom. A link to an incredibly wise and loving
cosmic process is established and gradually strengthened, story by story. Each
one that has been chosen for this book facilitates those empathic connections and
provides accessible insights into the deeper nature of our souls, our purpose on
the earth, and our healing potential. My commentary, I hope, helps to clarify
these themes even more. As you read of others’ mystical encounters, the
likelihood of having one of your own becomes increased. The stories set the
table, and now the special guest can enter. They shine light on an entire
metaphysical philosophy. The concepts of reincarnation and past-life regression
demonstrate the reality and essence of our higher self and our higher purpose.
The techniques and teachings found in the following chapters can be used by all
to improve your lives, to endure along your spiritual path, to experience more
love and happiness right now, and to understand that there is no need to fear, as
we are all immortal. We are all souls.

My daughter, Amy, is a therapist as well as a writer and an editor. She and I
collected hundreds of submissions from people who had a meaningful memory
to share. We carefully read and reread each one, selecting those that we felt
would highlight an important point, provide a platform for teaching, and, most of
all, illuminate our shared life lessons. Their beauty and their insights were
frequent topics of discussion around the family dinner table. Amy and I worked
as a team to write this book. Sometimes, my words give poetry and purpose to
her thoughts; sometimes, her words give form and finish to my thoughts; but at
all times, both flow into each other seamlessly. It has been such a pleasure and a
blessing to be able to work with her on this project. Yet the most important
collaborator by far consists of you, the authors of its stories. Without you to
truthfully, bravely, and eloquently share your experiences, this book would not
exist. Without you, there would be no words. You are the inspiration for its
creation and the conduit for its healings.

This book is not necessarily designed to be read in one sitting, for its stories
are rich and layered with lessons. Wander leisurely in their wisdom. Linger with
them awhile. Feel their emotions and textures. You might find parallels with
your own life experiences, and these are worth taking the time to explore.
Reread the stories as many times as necessary. Each time that I do, I unfailingly
discover new and deeper levels of meaning. You will also quickly notice that
these stories are not just about past lifetimes. As I have mentioned, reincarnation
is a doorway into an expanded consciousness and incredibly rich vistas of
spiritual knowledge and wisdom. What is on the other side of the door is more
important than the door, even though the door itself is fabulous.
The stories that you are about to read are examples of our inexorable progress
toward spiritual perfection. They point the way; they illuminate the steps. They
are like multifaceted jewels that we have collected but that are meant to be
shared. The facets of one seem to reflect all of the others. Although I have
created chapters, the jewels really mirror one another and so could be located
anywhere and everywhere, like holographic gems.
Years ago, I had dreamed about humans as these jewels, and I described the
image in Many Lives, Many Masters:
It is as if a large diamond were to be found inside each person. Picture a
diamond a foot long. The diamond has a thousand facets, but the facets are
covered with dirt and tar. It is the job of the soul to clean each facet until the
surface is brilliant and can reflect a rainbow of colors.

Now, some have cleaned many facets and gleam brightly. Others have only
managed to clean a few; they do not sparkle so. Yet, underneath the dirt, each
person possesses within his or her breast a brilliant diamond with a thousand
gleaming facets. The diamond is perfect, not one flaw. The only differences
among people are the number of facets cleaned. But each diamond is the same,
and each is perfect.
When all the facets are cleaned and shining forth in a spectrum of lights,
the diamond returns to the pure energy that it was originally. The lights
remain. It is as if the process that goes into making the diamond is reversed,
all that pressure released. The pure energy exists in the rainbow of lights, and
the lights possess consciousness and knowledge.
And all of the diamonds are perfect.
Here are more diamonds.
....


Table of Contents
Cover
Title Page
Dedication
Epigraph
Introduction

1 - We Are All Connected
2 - Validating the Memories
3 - How Understanding Can Heal
4 - Freedom from Emotional Pain
5 - Healing Physical Symptoms and Illnesses
6 - Letting Go of Grief
7 - Intuition and Other Psychic Abilities
8 - One of a Kind
9 - Eternal Relationships
10 - Lessons That Animals Teach
11 - Short and Sweet
12 - Spiritual and Mystical Experiences

Acknowledgments
About the Authors
Credits
Copyright
About the Publisher


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Miracles Happen- The Transformational Healing Power of Past-Life Memories
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