Showing posts with label Penis Health. Show all posts

Loretta A. Cormier & Sharyn R. Jones

- How Womanhood Has Shaped Manhood -

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 2015 by the University of Alabama Press  

In these pages, we have presented an anthropological history of
the penis that incorporates evidence from evolutionary theory, primatology,
archaeology, and cultural anthropology. It is obvious that the human penis,
when compared with that of our primate cousins, is unique in terms of its
size, shape, and ability to prolong sexual activity while remaining erect. However,
most discussions of human sexuality and evolution have long ignored
one of the most intriguing aspects of the evolution of the human penis, that
is, the role of female choice. Female choice has shaped the penis, in the process
of domesticating it, and thus contributed to both the biological and cultural
evolution of our species. Moreover, the human penis appears to have
evolved for social sex rather than for strictly reproductive purposes. This
argument sheds new light on the idea that alpha males, being aggressive and
dominant, are able to mate with more females and produce more offspring.
The alpha-male myth is debunked by the weight of data, which illustrates that
cooperation, empathy, and positive social interactions convey advantageous
reproductive success to individuals and groups.

Throughout this book we have emphasized several themes, including the
role of female mate selection with an emphasis on social sex; the connection
between agricultural practices and the rise of penis cults; the connection
between an ideology of male dominance and elaborate phallus imagery as an
expression of male control, in addition to other meanings; and the future of
our relationship with the penis. From a historical perspective, it appears that
the social roles of males and females shifted in association with, and perhaps
as a result of, the development of agriculture. Gradual systematic changes
in food production, society, and culture are evidenced in archaeological, ethnohistoric,
and ethnographic data. For the majority of humanity, over time,
the hunting and gathering and egalitarian way of life was replaced by one of
elaborate food production. Males became associated with ownership of land,
and, in some contexts, of people. Patriarchy and male control of the dominant
political and public social spheres appear to have become increasingly
common after the adoption of full-scale agriculture. Our review of data from
around the globe provides ample evidence to support the notion that deeprooted
and pervasive connection exists between penis cults and agricultural societies.

While our cross-cultural investigation cannot examine all the specifics
associated with each culture, ethnic group, gender, time, and place, we do
find a pattern of cultural expressions, themes, and symbols. Phallic imagery,
material culture, and written records of the past relating to phallocentrism are
abundant. These varied lines of evidence suggest connections between concepts
of domestication, fertility, creation, the legitimacy of rulers, and public
expressions of masculine power. Another theme that appears in many cultural
contexts is expressed as the opposition between male and female. We
see widespread evidence from places as far-flung as Cambodia, Mexico, and
Rome that social institutions drew power and support from phallic imagery
that privileged masculine expressions. Daily reminders of masculine power
appeared in religious rituals, texts, charms, and quotidian domestic objects.

The phallus was also memorialized in elements of the landscape and as part
of monumental architecture. In some cases, as in the Classic Mayan iconography
of the Yucatán, shared cultural symbols of the phallus may have been a
response to social and environmental stresses. In places such as ancient Egypt
and Japan, the phallic symbol had clear associations with fertility, resurrection,
and social order. While as symbols the penis and the phallus convey varied
meanings in different cultural contexts, themes of bodily transformation,
male versus female, phallic power, and both the natural and domesticated
worlds are common. We argue that cultures focused on these subjects in the
process of building and sustaining social institutions.

We have explored the way that ethnographically recorded cultural customs
associated with the penis may be understood through the concept of
the extended phenotype. Our review suggests that an ideology of patriarchy
frequently appears when cross-cultural phallicism, rituals, and religion
are examined. The penis is often a significant component of rituals, rites of
passage, and mythological stories. This is evident in the practices of penis
sheathing and modification and in the bullroarer complex. These customs
domesticate the penis by altering it in culturally appropriate ways. Some practices
are motivated by masculine anxiety and perhaps are efforts to ensure
patriarchy and male superiority or power, as evidenced by modes of penis
manipulation and accounts of penis theft and loss. As we have seen in the
archaeological, ethnographic, and ethnohistoric records, phallic imagery and
explicit expressions of maleness are related to male power and social position.
By memorializing critical events with phallic imagery and rituals, those with
power, and even those without power, reiterate the socially dominant role of males.

Although we argue that female choice shaped the evolution of the penis,
in many cultures the phallus has been symbolically associated with power,
masculinity, ownership, and control. Given the likelihood that females actually
directed the evolution of our species with mate selection, the ideological
position of the penis is somewhat surprising. Perhaps in the future we will
follow the lead of our primate cousins the bonobos. Perhaps we will begin to
act on the understandings that making peace is more productive than making
war and that expressions of dominance and power are often less effective than
empathy, compassion, and cooperation.

Table of Contents
List of Illustrations vii
Acknowledgments ix

1 The Human Penis | Why Study the Phallus? 1

2 The Sexual Penis | The Phallus in Evolutionary Perspective 9

3 The Patriarchal Penis | Phallic Cults and the Dawn of Agriculture 45

4 The Cultural Penis | Diversity in Phallic Symbolisms 88

5 The Erotic-Exotic Penis | Phallic Facts and Fictions 113

6 The Domesticated Penis | The Phallus and the Future 132

Epilogue 147
Notes 151
References 175
Index 225

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2.1 “Two Female Bonobos GG-Rubbing”
3.1 Egyptian obelisk, 
Boboli Gardens of the Pitti Palace, Florence, Italy
3.2 Priapus, god of fertility, 
depicted on the wall in the doorway of the House of Vettii at Pompeii
3.3 Bronze statue of the faun in the impluvium at the House of the Faun, Pompeii
3.4 Phallic house relief and fresco located along one of the main streets in Pompeii
3.5 Penis image carved on the street in Pompeii
3.6 Fountain depicting the Roman god Neptune 
in the Boboli Gardens of the Pitti Palace, Florence, Italy
3.7 Copy of Michelangelo’s David statue, Piazza della Signoria, Florence, Italy
3.8 Obelisk in Saint Peter’s Square at the Vatican in Rome, Italy
3.9 Renaissance bronze sculpture of Perseus with Medusa’s head,
Loggia dei Lanzi of the Piazza della Signoria, Florence, Italy
3.10 Harappan seals from Early Indus Period
3.11 Elaborate Shiva linga carving with head motif, 
National Museum of India in New Delhi
3.12 Miniature Shiva linga and yoni shrine next 
to a Ganesha statue in north India
3.13 Shiva linga and yoni shrines are still produced in Asia for the
tourist trade and for purposes of worship
3.14 Ancient Shiva linga and yoni shrine at the 
Angkor Wat temple complex of Cambodia
3.15. Ancient Shiva linga shrine at Bayon temple in Angkor Thom
at the Angkor Wat complex in Cambodia
3.16 Stone phallus at Shinto shrine
3.17 Carving along the Terrace of the Leper King at Angkor Thom
in the Angkor Wat complex in Cambodia
3.18 Painting depicting penises on the wall of a house and gallery in Bhutan
3.19 Phallic drinking fountain in front of a house in Nepal
4.1 Bullroarer
4.2 Phallic cornerstone marker in front of a church in Rome, Italy
4.3 Cerne Abbas giant in Dorset, England

Editors of PEGYM.COM

Edited by Rob Michaels

Introduction by Richard R. Howard II, Dr. P.H.

1. Health. 2. Sexual fitness. 3. Penis enlargement. 4. Self improvement. 5. Penis health.

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 345 p
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 2013 Semprove Inc 

Author’s Note
In your hands is a gateway to knowledge that will keep your penis healthy for life. This
knowledge doesn’t come from just one man—it comes from an entire community. Hundreds of
thousands of men ranging from doctors to regular guys have exercised their penis in an effort to make
it bigger and harder. These men reside in Internet communities, such as Thunder’s Place and The PE
Gym, to share their stories and experiences. Without these men, particularly ThunderSS and the many
men that make up his place, this book would not be as detailed and precise as it is.
Throughout this book, you will find quotes of these men. Unless otherwise noted, an online alias is used. To the men of the penis enlargement community: Thank you for sharing your stories. Thank
you for your experiences. Most importantly, thank you for your advice.
Rob Michaels

This book contains insights that may be considered by some, unusual, to others a welcome
breakthrough of a subject that many men are keenly interested—improving their penis.
For the individual to achieve wholeness, all aspects of humanity must be presented with a
frank and open dialogue that shed light on ideas for self-improvement. Let’s start with mythological
stories a millennia ago where the concept of physical perfection has its roots. For example, Hercules,
in Roman mythology, was noted for his courage and great strength. He symbolized physical
perfection. This general stream of consciousness over time ranging from the early Roman Olympics to
the present day Olympics gave rise to an evolution of concepts of physical fitness and the attainment
of ideal muscularity and athleticism. Particularly over the last century, related areas gained
prominence such as body building and aerobic sports leading to the major present day “industry” of
physical fitness and health.

Penis Exercises inadvertently asks the question: At what point does the scientific community
assert themselves? The classic scientific community seeks strict controlled experimentation with
statistically significant results for the validation of a concept. I have found that the historical
evolution of a health-related concept often progress along the following time line. Concept
development first starts with empirical observation. For example, the sport of bodybuilding came into
prominence in the late nineteenth century if not earlier. Men (and women) began lifting crude
hand-held weights and soon found that it caused their muscles to grow. As time progressed, there were
many pioneers of this field that started to systematize through their publications weight lifting
methods and bodybuilding.

The use of weights to stimulate muscle growth became empirically undeniable long before
the scientific community subjected it to vigorous experimentation. Yet, now the principle of fitness
proliferates enormously, in which every major hospital, city, and town have multiple sports fitness
facilities. The long overdue scientific approval on the benefits of health and exercise show how the
scientific community can be a lagging participant in inquiry and revelation. It could be said that the
same is true for the growth of the supplement industry, which had its humble beginnings in your local
pharmacy. Today it has evolved into a billion dollar mega industry including major “health food”
chains and supplement outlets. Here too scientific inquiry and “proof” lagged.

Similar to the humble beginning of weightlifting and supplements, the concept of penis health
and enlargement has blossomed in recent time. There has historically been a predisposition to
suppress the full appreciation of human sexuality and its importance as segments of society have been
disinclined to accept human nature. The advent of erectile dysfunction drugs, such as Viagra and
others, have catalyzed sexuality awareness and thawed outdated suppression. The billions of dollars in
erection drug sales make an irrefutable statement and 
mandate that sexuality counts and counts in a big way.

Now that sexuality is expressed openly, the time to formulate hypotheses of penis health,
strength, and enlargement as additional compelling concepts to the “complete” physical fitness
aesthetics paradigm has arrived. The courageous pioneering work in this book seeks to do just that.
He has tirelessly acquired a substantial volume of information on this subject and presented it in a
logical, sequential way. The book’s organization enables you to effectively study and apply point by
point these principles, leading to increased health, 
strength, and size of your most prized organ—the penis.
Richard R. Howard II, Dr. P.H., MS, MPH
(Tulane University Graduate)
Lead Trainer at

Table of Contents
Part I The Truth Revealed
Chapter 1: MYTH: Penis Enlargement is Impossible
Chapter 2: Other Common Penis Myths
Chapter 3: What's Average?
Chapter 4: Does Size Matter?
Part I Review
Part II The ABCs of Penis Exercising
Chapter 5: Where Do You Stand?
Chapter 6: Where Do You Want to Be? Choosing a Goal
Chapter 7: The Building Blocks of Penis Exercising
Chapter 8: The Basic Principles of Penis Exercising
Chapter 9: Principle 1: Obtain Adequate Rest
Chapter 10: Principle 2: Gradually Increase the Intensity
Chapter 11: Principle 3: Your “Body Clues”
Chapter 12: Side Effects are Possible
Chapter 13: Look Bigger, Feel Bigger
Chapter 14: Pornography and Penis Exercising
Part II Review
Part III The Fundamental Penis Exercises
Chapter 15: The Importance of the Kegel
Chapter 16: Kegel Exercises
Chapter 17: Kegel Pitfalls
Chapter 18: The Importance of Warming Up
Chapter 19: Warming Up, It's that Easy
Chapter 20: On the Safe Side
Chapter 21: Jelqing
Chapter 22: Your Erection Level
Chapter 23: Jelqing: Step-by-Step
Chapter 24: Stretching
Chapter 25: Basic Stretching: Step-by-Step
Chapter 26: The JAI Stretch: Quick & Easy
Part III Review
Part IV The First 5 Weeks
Chapter 27: Basic Beginner's Routine
Chapter 28: Alternative Beginning Routines
Chapter 29: Your Unique Goals
Chapter 30: Your Unique Penis
Chapter 31: Putting the Circle of Gains into Practice
Chapter 32: Maximizing Gains
Chapter 33: Overcoming Side Effects & Setbacks
Chapter 34: The End of the First 5 Weeks
Part IV Review
Part V After the First 5 Weeks
Chapter 35: Advancing
Chapter 36: Advanced Exercises
Chapter 37: Increasing Intensity of Your Exercises
Chapter 38: Basic Advancing Routine
Chapter 39: Alternative Advancing Routines
Chapter 40: Plateaus and Breaks
Chapter 41: Cementing Your Goal
Part V Review
Appendix A: 11 Questions Men Ask
Appendix B: The Penis Anatomy
Appendix C: Exercise Guide & Advanced Exercises
Appendix D: Penis Exercising Resources
Appendix E: Penis Exercising Success Stories
Appendix F: Survey: Ejaculating After Penis Exercise
Appendix G: Glossary
Reference Notes

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Praise for Penis Exercises
“Whether you are a beginner that has just found out about natural penis enlargement or an experienced
veteran like myself, you are sure to enjoy and learn something from Penis Exercises . . . My advice:
Get the book. I highly recommend it!"
-A.J. "Big Al" Alfaro, penile coach and author of For Men Only
"I gained over two inches in length and one inch in girth. My girlfriend is amazed and doesn't know
what is going on but loves it. She comes all the time now because I can reach places I couldn't before.
I only wish I knew about penis enlargement years ago. I thought it wasn't possible without surgery. Now I believe.”
-Chris, a 47-year-old reader
"I just read Penis Exercises. My suggestion would be: Get the book. Make it your bible. Follow
religiously. Measure today. Measure in 365 days. Don't even consider penis enlargement surgery. A
moderately large unit is better than failed surgery."
-A surgeon from Germany
“These exercises changed my life. I don't feel insecure while having sex anymore, and I feel like I
have total control of my life. In a little over two months, I gained two centimeters (0.8 inches) in
length and also two centimeters in girth. I am amazed. If I can do it, anyone can!”
-Martin, a 23-year-old reader
"You can tell the editors of took the time to cultivate one for the bookshelf. If you're
serious about penis enlargement, you NEED this book!"
-David Owen, a reader from Florida
"There's so much more to life and to sex than the size of your penis. . . But, the health of the penis can
make or break relationships. This book offers an excellent introduction both to the health and to the
enlargement of the penis. It's also interesting that enlargement of the clitoris (the female version of
the penis) is a known side effect of some medicines, but doctors seem to be in the dark about the fact
that the penis can be enlarged."
-Charles Runels, M.D., Author of Anytime...for as Long as You Want
"For men who hope to have sexual relations with their partners into their 70s, 80s and longer, or for
men who wish they weren’t already relying on a little blue pill to assure their sexual abilities, Penis
Exercises has the information you need to transform and revitalize your sex life. With clear and useful
instructions, this book will literally put the future of your sex life in your own hands. Thou-sands of
men have practiced these exercises to restore and retain – and even improve – their sexual vitality. Now you can, too."
-Carl Anderson, Dr. P.H.
"Having a thorough understanding of the penis exercising basics is a must for anyone looking to walk
the proper path towards a healthier, stronger and yes...bigger penis. I got Penis Exercises about a year
into my journey towards a bigger and healthier penis. Although I was far from a beginner, Penis
Exercises' combination of thorough explanations with their accompanying pictures did a great job at
correcting some flaws in my technique and routine. Ever since then, my PE journey has soared to ever
increasing heights. Thanks,!"
-J.R.N., a reader from New York
“If you are interested in this subject, Penis Exercises will guide you, save you much the time, expense
and frustration that you might otherwise expend researching the various methods. I found myself at an
impasse as to how to advance. Luckily, I happened upon Penis Exercises, which brought clarity to the
subject. Now I am back on path!”
-Thomas Seay, a reader from Palo Alto
"I gained 1.5 inches in length and nearly an inch in girth in roughly a year—putting me at the
statistical average. To me, penis exercising is like working out for your body, only for your penis. I
feel good when I lift weights and run, and I feel good when I exercise my penis. It is just one facet on
my road of self improvement. "
-Gary, a 32-year-old reader from Pennsylvania
"This book is very insightful, clear and concise. It could have been called The Idiot's Guide to a
Bigger and Healthier Penis, because that is essentially what this book is. It took me every bit of two
days to read front to back. I tabbed pages of special importance as well as exercises that are currently
in my routine. GREAT READ and GREAT BUY."
-A reader from Texas
"What I like best about the book is . . . the whole damn book! It is easy-to- read, easy on the eyes and
the tutorial pictures are clear. Instructions are precise and not quirky."
-A reader from New York
"Finally, another step towards bringing penile exercising to the masses in a positive manner. Major
kudos to the editors of!"
-Ben, a reader from Alabama
"To all who have not gotten this book: I highly recommend it! I have now finished reading up to Part
4, and I can’t wait to read the rest after I actually finish my first five weeks. The main points I like
most about the book are: it is very simple-to-read, very detailed in exercises and routines, and it pretty
much has everything that you need in an arms-length to get started."
-A reader from Washington
"Penile exercising has given me a larger, healthier penis. My new penis allows my wife to have harder
and stronger climaxes than she ever had before . . . and my erections stay harder and last longer than ever."
-Chuck, a 65-year-old reader from New York
"This book rocks! It is heads above any penis exercising book I have ever seen. Take the best
information on all the "penis enlargement" web-sites, add great illustrations, photos, graphs and
charts. Organize it into logical chapters and sections, make it super easy-to-understand for beginners
and advanced guys alike, and presto . . . you have this book!”
-Alex Lam, a reader from Nebraska
“Due to diabetes, I was only 36 years old when I started experiencing severe erectile dysfunction.
Exercising my penis changed all of that. Within months, I was able to consistently obtain healthy,
rock-hard erections. I also added over an inch in girth and nearly two inches in length.” 
-Fredrick Poleking, a reader from California
"The myth-busting facts are in: exercising the penis properly will make your penis bigger, harder and
healthier, and the editors of spell it all out with maturity and a dash of appropriate
humor. Whether you are an experienced penis exerciser or just beginning, I believe this book is an absolute must!"
-Jason Anderson, a reader from Illinois


Published by Rowman & Littlefield

A wholly owned subsidiary of The Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group, Inc.
4501 Forbes Boulevard, Suite 200, Lanham, Maryland 20706

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Book Details
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 2,860 KB
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 978-0-7591-2312-0 (cloth : alk. paper)
 978-0-7591-2314-4 (electronic)
 2014 by Michael D. Kimmel,
 Christine Milrod, and Amanda Kennedy  

Cynthia Albritton is a founding member of the Plaster Casters, a well-known group
of women who made plaster casts of rock stars’ penises as part of a larger “groupie” phenomenon.
Gary J. Alter, MD, is American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) certified by the
American Board of Plastic Surgery and the American Board of Urology. He is an assistant
clinical professor of plastic surgery at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA),
and has private practices in Beverly Hills and New York.
Eric Anderson, PhD, is an American sociologist at the University of Winchester, England,
and an academician of the British Academy of Social Sciences. He is known for
his research on sexualities and masculinities studies, particularly concerning sport and relationships.
Javier C. Angulo, MD, PhD, is head of the Urology Department at Hospital Universitario
de Getafe, Universidad Europea de Madrid, in Madrid, Spain.
Patrick Barbier is a music historian, a professor in the Université Catholique de l’Ouest
(Angers, France), and president of the Centro Studi Farinelli (Bologna, Italy).
Kaitlyn Barnes is a PhD candidate in sociology at Case Western Reserve University,
Cleveland, Ohio. Her interests include medical sociology, aging, and masculinities.
Robert E. Bartholomew, PhD, teaches history at Botany College in South Auckland, New Zealand.
Rachael S. Bell, MS, LPC, specializes in the treatment of sex offenders and paraphilias.
She is the author of Sexual Obsessions Gone Wrong (2011) and has written more than 70
in-depth feature stories on major violent criminals in the United States.
Nelson Bennett, Jr., MD, is an assistant professor of urology at Lahey Hospital and
Medical Center in Burlington, Massachusetts.
David Bimbi, PhD, is a psychologist, college professor, and researcher who writes about
the commercial sex industry, HIV prevention, and gay, lesbian, bisexual, 
and transgender (GLBT) issues.
José Blanco F. is an associate professor in the Textiles, Merchandising and Interiors Department
at the University of Georgia–Athens, College of Family and Consumer Sciences
and manager of the college’s Historic Clothing and Textile Collection.
Benjamin N. Breyer, MD, MAS, is an assistant professor of urology at the 
University of California, San Francisco.
David Buchbinder, who has published extensively in the area of masculinities studies, is
adjunct professor at both Curtin University in 
Western Australia and Carleton University, in Ottawa, Canada.
Jane Caputi, author of several books on gender and popular culture, is professor of
women, gender, sexuality, and communication and multimedia at 
Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida.
Robert J. W. Clift, PhD, is an honorary lecturer in the Department of Psychiatry at the
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
Don Conway-Long is a cultural anthropologist who teaches at Webster University, St.
Louis, Missouri, and a cofounder of St. Louis’s antiviolence group RAVEN.
Curtis Crane, MD, has completed residencies in urology and plastic surgery and fellowships
in reconstructive urology and transgender surgery. 
He is in private practice in San Francisco, California.
Rohit K. Dasgupta is a doctoral candidate and associate lecturer at 
University of the Arts in London, UK.
Seth Davis, PhD, is a postdoctoral fellow at the Université de Montréal, Canada, where
he specializes in the research of male sexual function.
Jared Del Rosso is an assistant professor of sociology and criminology at the 
University of Denver, Colorado.
Margo DeMello is a lecturer in anthropology and sociology at Central New Mexico
Community College in Albuquerque.
Aaron H. Devor, PhD, is academic director of the Transgender Archives and professor
of sociology at the University of Victoria, Canada.
Milton Diamond, PhD, is a professor at the University of Hawaii, John A. Burns School
of Medicine, and director of the Pacific Center for Sex and Society, both located in Honolulu.
He is the past president of the International Academy of Sex Research (IASR),
and past president of the Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality (SSSS).
Jennifer J. Esala is an independent researcher living in St. Paul, Minnesota.
Krin Gabbard is professor of comparative literature and cultural studies at Stony Brook
University, State University of New York.
Gordon G. Gallup, Jr., is professor of psychology at University at Albany, 
State University of New York.
Shane P. Gannon, PhD, is associate professor in the Department of Sociology & Anthropology
at Mount Royal University, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Marcos García-Diez is a faculty member of the Department of Geography, Prehistory
and Archaeology at University of Basque Country (UPV/EHU) in Vitoria, Spain.
Debbie Ging, PhD, is a lecturer in the School of Communications, Dublin City University,
where she is also chair of the MA program in film and television studies. Her research
and teaching focus on gender and sexuality in popular media. She is author of Men and
Masculinities in Irish Cinema (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012) and coeditor of Transforming Ireland:
Challenges, Critiques, Resources (Manchester University Press, 2009).
Charlie Glickman, PhD, is an American Association of Sexuality Educators Counselors
& Therapists (AASECT)-certified sexuality educator, a lecturer, and the coauthor of The
Ultimate Guide to Prostate Pleasure (2013, with Aislinn Emirzian).
Clint Gould holds a PhD in language and medicine and a PhD in human sexuality. He
is a sexual health consultant working part-time in 
South Africa and a professor emeritus of human sexuality.
Margret Grebowicz is associate professor of philosophy at Goucher College, Baltimore, Maryland.
Terry Gunnell is professor of folkloristics at the University of Iceland in Reykjavik.
Sigurjón Baldur Hafsteinsson is an associate professor of social anthropology at the
University of Iceland in Reykjavik.
Judith Harris is a Rome-based American journalist and author who writes about archaeology
and cultural heritage issues. She is the author of Pompeii Awakened: A Story of
Rediscovery (2007) and The Monster in the Closet: A Bumpy Ride down the Genealogy Trail (2012).
Sjon Hauser is a Dutch biologist and writer living in Thailand, specializing in herpetology
and various aspects of Southeast Asian cultures.
Kathryn Haynicz-Smith is a museum educator at the National Liberty Museum in
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She uses her graduate degree in women’s and gender studies
to develop and teach social justice curricula to local area schools.
Chris Haywood is senior lecturer of media and cultural studies at Newcastle University, UK.
Michael Kaufman, PhD, is a longtime activist, educator, and writer focused on promoting
gender equality and transforming masculinity. He is the author of eight books,
including A Guy’s Guide to Feminism (2011, with Michael Kimmel).
Juline Koken, PhD, is a researcher and author who provides training to care providers in
evidence-based approaches to promoting sexual health among sex workers.
Mariah Larsson is a research fellow at the Department of Media Studies at Stockholm
University, Sweden, doing research on sexuality and film, mainly pornographic film.
Cliff Leek is a PhD student in the Department of Sociology at Stony Brook University,
State University of New York. He has a BA in U.S. race and gender studies from
Willamette University in Salem, Oregon, and has worked as prevention specialist for the
Oregon Attorney General’s Sexual Assault Task Force. His primary research interests are
nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), violence prevention, race, and gender (with
particular attention to the intersections of whiteness and masculinity).
Peter Lehman is director of the Center for Film, Media and Popular Culture at Arizona
State University in Tempe, where he is a professor in film and media studies in the
Department of English. He is author of Running Scared: Masculinity and the Representation
of the Male Body (new edition, 2007) and Roy Orbison: 
The Invention of an Alternative Rock Masculinity (2003).
Neal A. Lester is Foundation Professor of English and director of Project Humanities
at Arizona State University in Tempe.
David Langmuir Leverenz is professor of English emeritus at the University of Florida
in Gainesville. Among his books are Honor Bound: Race and Shame in America (2012) and
Manhood and the American Renaissance (1989).
Cheryl Llewellyn is a PhD candidate in sociology at Stony Brook University, 
State University of New York.
Mike Lloyd is a sociologist at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.
Louisa Lombard, PhD, is a Ciriacy-Wantrup Postdoctoral Fellow at the 
University of California, Berkeley.
Jack Lukkerz, MS, is a sex educator, Nordic Association for Clinical Sexology
(NACS)-certified sex counselor, and doctoral candidate at the University of Malmo in Sweden.
Mairtin Mac an Ghaill is professor of sociology at Newman University, Birmingham, UK.
Amy Marsh, EdD, is a writer, clinical sexologist, and associate professor of sexology at
the Institute for Advanced Study of Human Sexuality in San Francisco, California.
Moira Marsh holds a PhD in folklore and is the Folklore Librarian at Indiana University, Bloomington.
Wayne Martino is professor of equity and social justice education in the Faculty of
Education at the University of Western Ontario, London, Canada. His most recent books
include Gender, Race and the Politics of Role Modelling (2012, with Goli Rezai-Rashti), and
Canadian Men and Masculinities (2012, with Christopher Greig).
Mark McCormack, PhD, is a lecturer in sociology and co-director of the Centre for
Sex, Gender and Sexualities at Durham University, England. His research examines the
changing nature of masculinities and sexualities in contemporary culture, and he is the
author of The Declining Significance of Homophobia: 
How Teenage Boys Are Redefining Masculinity and Heterosexuality (2012).
James W. McNeil received his doctorate of clinical hypnotherapy in 1990. He is an
advanced practitioner of internal kung fu specializing in penile qi gong (shih-shui kung).
Robert Meadows, PhD, is senior lecturer in sociology at the University of Surrey, UK.
Lisa Jean Moore is professor of sociology and gender studies at Purchase College, State
University of New York; she studies animals, food, body fluids, and human anatomies.
Chris Morriss-Roberts, PhD, is a senior lecturer of podiatry at the University of Brighton,
UK. His research focuses on the male body and masculinity in sport; he has developed
the theoretical concept of Podolinguistics.
Mark Morton, PhD, teaches at the University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, and is the
author of The Lover’s Tongue: A Merry Romp through the Language of Love and Sex (2003).
Charles A. Moser, MD, FACP, PhD, is a board-certified internal medicine specialist
focused on sexual medicine. He has published research on the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and
transgender (LGBT); kink; and fetish communities.
Jenny Munro, PhD, is a research fellow at the Australian National University, Canberra.
Majella Munro is executive editor of Modern Art Asia.
Elizabeth Nagel is a PhD candidate in sociology at Stony Brook University, 
State University of New York.
Tuck Ngun, PhD, is a researcher in the Department of Human Genetics at the University
of California, Los Angeles, where he works on the biological basis of sex differences in the brain.
Robert P. Palazzo is an attorney and author who has published on medieval relics,
medieval pilgrim badges, the American West, and four books on the Death Valley area.
W. Dustin Parrott is a PhD candidate in English at the University at Buffalo, 
State University of New York.
Deirdre A. Prischmann, PhD, is an assistant professor of entomology at North Dakota
State University, Fargo.
Seline Szkupinski Quiroga is a medical anthropologist whose research focuses on
health disparities and the lived experience of illness among vulnerable populations as
revealed through narratives.
Gregory Rizzolo is a doctoral student in psychoanalytic studies at the University of Essex, UK.
Gerardo Rodríguez-Galarza, PhD, teaches in the Department of Theological Studies
at Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri. 
He specializes on Origen of Alexandria and early Christianity.
Ellen Bayuk Rosenman is a professor of English at the University of Kentucky in Lexington.
Laura F. Salazar is an associate professor in health promotion and behavior in the School
of Public Health at Georgia State University, Atlanta.
Lauren M. Sardi is assistant professor of sociology at Quinnipiac University, Hamden, Connecticut.
Don Shewey is a journalist and critic who has published books about theater; written
articles for the New York Times, the Village Voice, Esquire, and Rolling Stone; and authored
essays that have been included in several anthologies on men and masculinity.
Alan W. Shindel, MD, is an assistant professor of urology at 
the University of California, Davis, in Sacramento.
Rev. Robert Shore-Goss, PhD, pastor at MCC in the Valley, the Metropolitan Community
Church in North Hollywood, California, is the author of Jesus ACTED UP: A
Gay and Lesbian Manifesto (1993), and coeditor of The Queer Bible Commentary (2006).
Clarissa Smith is professor of sexual cultures at the University of Sunderland, UK. She
is author of One for the Girls! The Pleasures and Practices of Pornography for Women (2007),
and coeditor of the academic journal Porn Studies.
Lincoln “Nic” Theo, PhD, is a lecturer of media studies with a specialization in film
narrative and sexuality at the Cape Peninsula University of Technology in Cape Town, South Africa.
Edward H. Thompson is a sociologist interested in aging and masculinities. He is now
emeritus professor with the College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, Massachusetts.
Thomas Thurnell-Read, PhD, is senior lecturer in sociology at Coventry University, UK.
Leonore Tiefer, PhD, is a sexuality scholar and activist. She is the recipient of the Alfred
Kinsey award and has published over 150 sexological works, among them Sex Is Not a
Natural Act and Other Essays (2nd ed., 2004).
Ronny Heikki Tikkanen is a senior lecturer and researcher at the Department of Social
Work at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Margaret M. Toscano is an associate professor of classics and comparative studies at the
University of Utah, Salt Lake City.
Shaun Tougher is senior lecturer in ancient history at Cardiff University, Wales.
Meagan Tyler, PhD, is a lecturer in sociology at Victoria University in Melbourne, Australia.
Robert S. Van Howe, MD, is a professor of pediatrics at Central Michigan University
College of Medicine, Mount Pleasant.
Peter Vielehr is a graduate student in sociology at Vanderbilt University, Tennessee.
Benjamin T. Waldorf, MD, is a resident in urology at Lahey Hospital and Medical Center
in Burlington, Massachusetts.
Jim Ward is an author and internationally recognized practitioner of modern body
piercing. From 1977 to 1997, he published and edited Piercing Fans International Quarterly
(PFIQ), the first publication devoted exclusively to body piercing.
Martin S. Weinberg is an American sociologist whose work frequently involves human
sexuality. From 1968 to 1980, he served as a senior research sociologist at the Kinsey
Institute. He became a full professor in 1974.
Dr. Richard W. Whitecross is a lecturer in law at Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland.
He has conducted ethnographic fieldwork in Bhutan.
Winston Wilde, DHS, LMFT, is a sexologist, psychotherapist, and author of Legacies of
Love: A Heritage of Queer Bonding (2008).
Colin J. Williams is a sociologist currently serving as professor of sociology at Indiana
University–Purdue University at Indianapolis. He served as research sociologist at the
Kinsey Institute for Sex Research from 1968 to 1980.
Richard Williams is a professor of contemporary visual cultures at the University of
Edinburgh in Scotland. He has researched and written about the contemporary city since
the early 2000s, with particular interests in urban regeneration, the place of culture in the
city, and the legacy of modernism in urban design.
Jason Winters, PhD, is a lecturer in the Department of Psychology at the University of
British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
Jay Wiseman is the author of a BDSM educational book, SM 101: A Realistic Introduction
(2nd ed., 1996). A former law school professor, he is also a court-qualified expert witness
on BDSM and erotic asphyxiation.

Table of Contents
Preface and Acknowledgments ix
Introduction 1
Aging, Cultural and Literary
Perspectives 5
Aging, Social Science Perspective 7
Anatomy 8
Animals 9
Anti-Androgens 10
Architecture 11
Art and Artists 13
Artificial Insemination 16
Autofellatio 18
Aversion Therapy 18
Barebacking 21
Bhutan Phallus 22
Bible 24
Bobbitt, Lorena 26
Body Electric 26
Boys 27
Bris 29
Bukkake 29
Buried Penis 30
Castration 33
Castrato 35
Chastity Belt 36
Chippendales 37
Circle Jerk 38
Circumcision (Male) 39
Cock and Ball Torture 42
Cock-Supremacy 43
Codpiece 44
Condoms 46
Deep Throat 49
Definitive Penis Size Survey 50
Dildo 51
Disease 53
Ejaculation (Male) 55
Erectile Dysfunction 56
Erection 58
Erotic Asphyxiation 60
Eunuchs 61
Fashion 63
Fellatio 63
Feminism 65
Fetishism 67
Fiction 68
Film 70
Foreskin 72
Foreskin Restoration 74
Frenulum 75
Gastronomy 77
Glory Hole 78
Herm, or Herma 81
Hijra 82
Holy Prepuce 85
Homosexuality (Male) 87
Hygiene 89
Hypnosis 91
Hypospadias 91
Idioms and Nicknames 93
Intactivism 94
Intersex/Hermaphrodite 95
Jockstrap 97
Jokes 98
Kamasutra 101
Kinsey Report 102
Koro 104
Koteka 105
Lingam 107
Locker Rooms 108
Lynching 109
Male Bonding 113
Manscaping 114
Massage and Massage Parlors 115
Masturbation 117
Masturbation Sleeve 119
Meatotomy 120
Methamphetamine 120
Military 122
Money Shot 123
Music 124
Mythology and Old
Norse Religion 125
Nationalism and Colonialism 127
Nocturnal Emissions 128
Nocturnal Penile
Tumescence Testing 129
Ookie-Cookie 131
Orgasm 132
Origenes 133
Packing 135
Papal Testicles 136
Pedophilia 137
Penazzling 137
Penile Inserts 137
Penile Plethysmograph 138
Penile Prosthesis 140
Penis Enlargement 141
Penis Envy 143
Penis Piercing 145
Penis Removal 147
Penis Sheaths 148
Penis Snatching 151
Peyronie’s Disease 152
Phallocracy 152
Phallogocentrism 153
Phallological Museum 154
Phalloplasty/Metoidioplasty 155
Phallus 157
Phimosis 159
Plaster Casters 160
Playgirl 162
Poetry 163
Pompeii 164
Pornography and Erotica 166
Prepuce 168
Priapism 168
Prostate 169
Prostitution 171
Psychoanalysis 173
Pubic Hair 174
Public Bathrooms 174
Qi Gong (Chi Kung) 177
Race 179
Rape 183
Religion 186
Sambia Turnim 189
Scandals 190
Semen 191
Sex Education 192
Sex Toys 193
Shunga 195
Size 196
Size Queen 198
Skoptsy 200
Slang and Invectives 200
Small Penis Syndrome
and Micropenis 202
Smegma 202
Sounding 203
Spanish Fly 204
Sperm 205
Spermatorrhea 207
Sterilization and Eugenics 208
Steroids 209
Strap-on Harness 211
Subincision and Superincision 212
Syphilis 213
Tattooing 215
Tea Rooms 216
Television 217
Testicles 218
Testosterone 219
Transgender/Transsexual 221
Underwear 225
Urinals 227
Urology 229
Vacuum Erection Device 231
Vagina 232
Vagina Dentata 233
Vasectomy 235
Viagra 236
Vibrator 237
Witch Hunts 239
Withdrawal Method 240
About the Editors and Contributors 243

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Michael Kimmel, PhD, is Distinguished Professor of Sociology at Stony Brook University,
where he also directs the Center for the Study of Men and Masculinities. His books
include Angry White Men (2012), The Guy’s Guide to Feminism (2011), Guyland (2008),
Men’s Lives (9th ed., 2013), and Manhood in America: A Cultural History (3rd ed., 2011). He
is also founder and editor of Men and Masculinities, the field’s premier scholarly journal.

Christine Milrod, MA (clinical psychology), PhD (human sexuality), LMFT (licensed
marriage and family therapist), CST (certified sex therapist), is an independent researcher
and sexologist who practices sex therapy with an emphasis on evolutionary psychology,
sexual and (trans)gender identities, and socially constructed gender roles. Her academic
research areas include sociological deviance and the study of male clients of heterosexual
prostitution. She has published and edited social science journal articles, has translated
fiction, and is the associate producer of the Swedish documentary The Queen and I (2008).
In addition to English, she speaks fluent Swedish, French, Spanish, German, Italian, Polish,
conversational Russian, and Japanese. In her spare time, she enjoys glacier trekking in the
Himalayas and searching for the best backcountry Nordic skiing trails in the world.

Amanda Kennedy, MA (sociology), is a PhD candidate in sociology at Stony Brook
University. Her research and teaching interests include race, gender, sexualities, and embodiment.
Her dissertation explores the gender and sexual politics of the Intactivist, or
anti-circumcision, movement in the United States. Other research projects include examinations
of current trends in the feminist pornography debates and critiques of Western
discourses on “female genital mutilation.” Her research is guided by poststructuralist and
postcolonial feminism. She teaches courses on American society, media, and technology.
For fun, she spends time with friends, family, and her favorite pup, a Pomeranian-poodle
mix named Grissom.
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