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Unlock Your Creativity-Boost Your Memory-Change Your Life

Tony Buzan with Susanna Abbott, Creative Editor

EPub Edition © AUGUST 2012
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 Tony Buzan 2005 

You are now in possession of the thinking tool which can transform the way you
think for ever.
When you use Mind Maps on a daily basis, you will find that your life becomes
more productive, fulfilled, and successful on every level:
You can achieve what you want to achieve.
You can become an ideas person.
You can become more efficient and more productive.
You can make your dreams a reality.
Like a road map, Mind Maps will help you get from where you are now to where
you want to be.
As we have seen throughout this book, Mind Maps are so effective because they
work with your brain and its natural ways of functioning: they are a physical
realization of the incredible networking and explosive Mind Maps of thought in
your head. In short, they work with the brain’s all-important hunger for
imagination and association. This is why Mind Mapping is a co-operative
venture – and adventure – between what goes on in your head and what you put on paper.
As you now know, there are no limits to the number of thoughts, ideas, and
connections that your brain can make, which means that there are no limits to the
different ways you can use Mind Maps to help you.
I wish you every success and every enjoyment on your Mind Map journey with
the universe of your brain.

Do you want to:
Come up with innovative ideas and creative solutions?
Memorize information and recall it under pressure?
Set goals and achieve them?
Change career or start up your own venture?
Be an excellent time manager?
Run meetings with efficiency and ease?
Budget and plan to perfection?
Deliver excellent presentations with confidence?
Have more time for yourself and your family?
Enjoy success after success in your life?

If you have answered ‘yes’ to any of these questions, then you have the right
book in your hands! Mind Maps are a unique thinking tool that will bring out
your natural genius and enable you to shine in every area of your life. The
Ultimate Book of Mind Maps is the definitive guide to using this remarkable tool.

Chapter One, What is a Mind Map?, introduces you to Mind Maps and how
they work. It explains the basic Mind Map ‘rules’ and takes you step-by-step
through your first Mind Map.
Chapter Two, Know Your Brain, Unlock Your Potential, digs deeper into the
reasons why Mind Maps work and how they actually help your brain learn and
think creatively. The better you understand your brain and how it works, the
easier it is for you to help it perform to its best.
Chapter Three, The Ultimate Success Formula, looks at learning how to
learn. It gives you a foolproof formula for learning and success that you can use
in combination with Mind Maps. With the TEFCAS success formula and Mind
Maps you’ll always succeed!
Chapter Four, Mind Workouts for Mental Success, delves into the world of
creativity and shows you how Mind Maps are the ideal tool for quality creative
thinking. It also looks at how strong creative skills help your ability to remember
things with ease, and gives you important memory principles that you can use
with Mind Maps.
Chapter Five, Physical Fitness for Mental Power, highlights the importance of
physical fitness for mental fitness. It looks at optimal ways of getting the right
balance of exercise, sleep, and quality nutrition, and shows you how Mind Maps
can help you achieve this balance.
Finally, Chapter Six, Mind Maps for Everyday Success, shows you just some
of the infinite ways you can use Mind Maps in the workplace, socially, and in
your general life planning. Use the Mind Map examples in this chapter to inspire
you and your fabulous imagination, and you can be sure you will demonstrate
your brilliance in everything you do.

Mind Maps wonderfully and dramatically changed my life for the better. I know
that they will do the same for you, too.
Be prepared to be amazed – by yourself!

List of Mind Maps
Chapter One
What Is a Mind Map?
Jolly hols
Chapter Two
Know Your Brain, Unlock Your Potential Brain cell
Bee skills
The body of your brain
Synergetic brain
Chapter Three
The Ultimate Success Formula Persistence
Chapter Four
Mind Workouts for Mental Success Creativity game
Creativity tips
Chapter Five
Physical Fitness for Mental Power The body’s major systems
Physical power check map
Daily living
Get fit
Chapter Six
Mind Maps for Everyday Success Running a meeting
Preparing for a job interview
Writing an essay
Starting a new venture
Shopping for gifts
Planning a romantic weekend
Learning a language
The wedding
Planning a garden
Family events
Successful budgeting
Mapping your way through a problem
Life vision and purpose
Your ideal future

Table of Contents
Title Page
List of Mind Maps
Chapter One
What Is a Mind Map?
How Can Mind Maps Help You?
The Great Geniuses and Note-making
Mind Mappers in History
What Do You Need to Make a Mind Map?
Seven Steps to Making a Mind Map
Creating Your First Mind Map
Mind Maps in Action
Chapter Two
Know Your Brain, Unlock Your Potential
How Well Do You Know Your Brain?
Our Evolving Knowledge of Our Evolving Brains
The Brain Principle of Synergy
The Learning Principle of Repetition
Mind Maps: Brain Tool Extraordinaire
Chapter Three
The Ultimate Success Formula
Learning How to Learn
The Success Formula – TEFCAS
The Principle of Success
The Principle of Persistence
Mind Maps and TEFCAS
Chapter Four
Mind Workouts for Mental Success
How Can I Boost My Creativity?
Mind Maps for Creative Thinking
Advanced Creative Mind Mapping
Creativity and Memory
Memorizing Information from a Mind Map
Repetition and Memory
The Importance of Study Breaks
Creativity Is the Key to Mental Success
Chapter Five
Physical Fitness for Mental Power
The New Science of Body and Mind
General Physical Fitness
Feed Your Body, Feed Your Mind
Rest, Sleep, and Your Brain
Mind Map Motivator
Chapter Six
Mind Maps for Everyday Success
Mind Maps for Work
Running a meeting
Job interview
Writing an essay
Starting a new venture
Mind Maps for Your Social Life
Shopping for gifts
A romantic weekend
Learning a foreign language
Your daughter’s wedding
Designing your garden
Mind Maps for Life
Planning family events
Planning a budget
Creative problem solving
Life vision and purpose
Creating your ideal future
Other Books by Tony Buzan
About the Publisher

Ultimate Book of Mind Maps
An Imprint of HarperCollinsPublishers
77-85 Fulham Palace Road,
Hammersmith, London W6 8JB
The website address is:

and Thorsons are registered trademarks of HarperCollinsPublishers Limited The
text in this book is based upon the material first published in the following
Thorsons titles: Head First (2000), Headstrong (2001), The Power of Creative
Intelligence (2001), The Power of Spiritual Intelligence (2001), How to Mind
Map (2002), The Power of Verbal Intelligence (2002), The Power of Social
Intelligence (2002), and The Power of Physical Intelligence (2003).

Tony Buzan asserts the moral right to be identified as author of this work Mind
Map® is a registered trademark of The Buzan Organization Mind Map®
illustrations by Alan and Emily Burton
All other illustrations by Alan Burton, Jeff Edwards, Peter Cox Associates and
Jennie Dooge A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

Take Back Your Power, Embrace Change, Face Your Fears, and Train Your Brain for Happiness and Success


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Book Details
 220 p
 File Size 
 990 KB
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 EPUB Edition
 December 2014 
 2014 by Amy Morin 

When I was twenty-three, my mother died suddenly from a brain aneurysm.
She’d always been a healthy, hardworking, vibrant woman who had loved life
right up until her last minute on earth. In fact, I saw her the night before she
died. We met at an auditorium to watch a high school basketball tournament.
She was laughing, talking, and enjoying life like she always did. But just twentyfour
hours later she was gone. The loss of my mother affected me deeply. I
couldn’t imagine going through the rest of my life without her advice, laughter, or love.

At the time, I was working as a therapist at a community mental health center,
and I took a few weeks off to privately deal with my grief. I knew I couldn’t be
effective at helping other people unless I was able to productively deal with my
own feelings. Becoming used to a life that no longer included my mother was a
process. It wasn’t easy, but I worked hard to get myself back on my feet. From
my training as a therapist, I knew that time doesn’t heal anything; it’s how we
deal with that time that determines the speed at which we heal. I understood that
grief was the necessary process that would eventually alleviate my pain, so I
allowed myself to feel sad, to get angry, and to fully accept what I’d truly lost
when my mother passed away. It wasn’t just that I missed her—it was also the
painful realization that she would never be there again during the important
events in my life and that she would never experience the things she’d looked
forward to—like retire from her job and become a grandmother. With supportive
friends and family, and my faith in God, I found a sense of peace; and as life
went on, I was able to remember my mother with a smile, rather than with pangs of sadness.

A few years later, as we approached the third anniversary of my mother’s
death, my husband, Lincoln, and I discussed how to best honor her memory that
weekend. Friends had invited us to watch a basketball game on Saturday
evening. Coincidentally, the game was being played in the same auditorium
where we’d last seen my mother. Lincoln and I talked about what it would be
like to go back to the place where we’d seen her, just three years ago, on the
night before she passed away.

We decided it could be a wonderful way to celebrate her life. After all, my
memories of her that night were very good. We’d laughed, had a chance to talk
about all kinds of things, and had an all-around great evening. My mother had
even predicted my sister would get married to her boyfriend at the time—and a
few years later that prediction came true.
So Lincoln and I returned to the auditorium and we enjoyed spending time
with our friends. We knew it was what my mother would have wanted. It felt
nice to go back and feel okay about being there. But just as I took a sigh of relief
about my progress in dealing with my mother’s death, my entire life was once
again turned upside down.

After returning home from the basketball game, Lincoln complained of back
pain. He’d broken several vertebrae in a car accident a few years prior, so back
pain wasn’t unusual for him. But just a few minutes later, he collapsed. I called
for paramedics and they arrived within minutes and transported him to the
hospital. I called his mother, and his family met me in the emergency room. I
had no idea what could possibly be wrong with him.
After a few minutes in the emergency room waiting area, we were called into
a private room. Before the doctor even said a word, I knew what he was going to
say. Lincoln had passed away. He’d had a heart attack.

On the same weekend that we honored the three-year anniversary of my
mother’s death, I now found myself a widow. It just didn’t make any sense.
Lincoln was only twenty-six and he didn’t have any history of heart problems.
How could he be here one minute and gone the next? I was still adjusting to life
without my mother, and now I’d have to learn how to deal with life without
Lincoln. I couldn’t imagine how I would get through this.
Dealing with the death of a spouse is such a surreal experience. There were so
many choices to be made at a time when I really wasn’t in any shape to decide
anything. Within a matter of hours, I had to start making decisions about
everything from the funeral arrangements to the wording of the obituary. There
wasn’t any time to let the reality of the situation really sink in; it was completely

I was fortunate to have many people in my life who supported me. A journey
through grief is an individual process, but loving friends and family certainly
helped. There were times when it seemed to get a little easier and times when it
would get worse. Just when I’d think I was getting better, I’d turn another corner
to find overwhelming sadness waiting for me. Grief is an emotionally, mentally,
and physically exhausting process.
There were so many things to feel sad about too. I felt sad for my husband’s
family, knowing how much they’d loved Lincoln. I felt sad about all the things
Lincoln would never experience. And I was sad about all the things we’d never
get to do together, not to mention, how much I missed him.
I took as much time off from work as I could. Those months are mostly a blur
as I was focused on just putting one foot in front of the other every day. But I
couldn’t stay out of work forever. I was down to just one income and had to get
back into the office.

After a couple of months, my supervisor called and asked about my plans to
return to work. My clients had been told I would be out of the office indefinitely
while I dealt with a family emergency. They weren’t given any type of time
frame about how long I’d be out, since we weren’t really sure what was going to
happen. But now, they needed an answer. I certainly wasn’t done grieving, and I
definitely wasn’t “better,” but I needed to go back to work.
Just like when I’d lost my mother, I had to allow myself time to experience
the sorrow head-on. There was no ignoring it or pushing it away. I had to
experience the pain while also proactively helping myself heal. I couldn’t allow
myself to stay stuck in my negative emotions. Although it would have been easy
to pity myself or dwell on my past memories, I knew it wouldn’t be healthy. I
had to make a conscious choice to start down a long road to building a new life
for myself.

I had to decide whether some of the goals Lincoln and I shared together were
still going to be my goals. We’d been foster parents for a few years and had
planned to eventually adopt a child. But did I still want to adopt a child as a
single woman? I continued my work as a foster parent, providing mostly
emergency and respite placements, for the next few years, but I wasn’t sure I still
wanted to adopt a child without Lincoln.
I also had to create new goals for myself now that I was alone. I decided to
venture out and try new things. I got my motorcycle license and bought a
motorcycle. I also began writing. At first it was mostly a hobby, but eventually it
turned into a part-time job. I had to renegotiate new relationships with people as
well by figuring out which of Lincoln’s friends would remain my friends and
what my relationship with his family would be like without him. Fortunately for
me, many of his closest friends maintained friendships with me. And his family
continued to treat me like part of their family.

About four years later, I was fortunate enough to find love again. Or maybe I
should say love found me. I was sort of getting used to life as a single person.
But that all changed when I began dating Steve. We’d known each other for
years and slowly our friendship turned into a relationship. Eventually, we started
talking about a future together. Although I had never thought I’d get married
again, with Steve it just seemed right.
I didn’t want a formal wedding or a reception that parodied the ceremony I’d
had with Lincoln. Although I knew my guests would be thrilled to see me marry
again, I also knew it would conjure up pangs of sadness for people as they
remembered Lincoln. I didn’t want my wedding day to be a somber occasion, so
Steve and I decided to have a nontraditional wedding. We eloped to Las Vegas
and it was a completely joyous occasion that centered around our love and happiness.

About a year after we married, we decided to sell the house that Lincoln and I
had lived in, and we moved a few hours away. We’d be closer to my sister and
my nieces and it gave us an opportunity to have a fresh start. I got a job at a busy
medical practice and we were looking forward to enjoying our future together.
Just as life seemed to be going great, our road to happiness took another strange
twist when Steve’s father was diagnosed with cancer.
Initially, doctors predicted that his treatment could help keep the cancer at bay
for several years. But after a few months, it was clear that he wasn’t likely to
survive one year, let alone several. He’d tried a few different options but nothing
really worked. As time went on the doctors grew more perplexed by his lack of
response to treatment. After about seven months, he’d run out of treatment options.

The news hit me like a ton of bricks. Rob was so full of life. He was the kind
of guy who could always pull a quarter from behind a kid’s ear and he told some
of the funniest stories I have ever heard. Although he lived in Minnesota and we
lived in Maine, we saw him often. Since he was retired, he had the availability to
visit with us for weeks at a time and I’d always joked with him that he was my
favorite houseguest—because he was basically our only houseguest.
He was also one of my biggest fans when it came to my writing. He read
whatever I wrote, whether it was an article about parenting or a piece on
psychology. Quite often, he’d call me with story ideas and suggestions.
Even though Rob was seventy-two, it felt like he was too young to be so sick.
Right up until the previous summer he was motorcycling across the country,
sailing around Lake Superior, and cruising the countryside with the top down in
his convertible. But now he was too sick, and the doctors were clear—he was
only going to get worse.

This time I had a different experience dealing with death. My mother’s and
Lincoln’s deaths were completely unexpected and sudden. But this time, I had
warning. I knew what was coming, and it filled me with a sense of dread.
I found myself thinking, Here we go again. I didn’t want to go through such a
staggering loss all over again. It just didn’t seem right. I know plenty of people
my age who haven’t lost anyone, so why did I have to lose so many of my loved
ones? I sat at the table thinking about how unfair it was, how hard it was going
to be, and how much I wanted things to be different.
I also knew I couldn’t let myself go down that road. After all, I’d been
through this before and I’d be okay again. If I let myself fall into the trap of
thinking my situation was worse than anyone else’s, or if I convinced myself that
I couldn’t handle one more loss, it wasn’t going to help. Instead, it would only
hold me back from dealing with the reality of my situation.
It was at that moment that I sat down and wrote my list “13 Things Mentally
Strong People Don’t Do.” They were the habits I’d fought so hard against to
come out on the other side of my grief. They were the things that could hold me
back from getting better, if I allowed them to take hold of me.
Not surprisingly, they were the same skills I was giving to the clients who
entered my therapy office. But writing them down was something I needed to do
to help me stay on track. It was a reminder that I could choose to be mentally
strong. And I needed to be strong, because a few weeks after writing down that
list, Rob passed away.

Psychotherapists are known for helping others build on their strengths, doling
out tips on how they should act and what they can do to improve themselves. But
when I created my list on mental strength, I decided to stray for a moment from
what has become second nature to me. And focusing on what not to do has made
all the difference. Good habits are important, but it’s often our bad habits that
prevent us from reaching our full potential. You can have all the good habits in
the world, but if you keep doing the bad habits alongside the good ones, you’ll
struggle to reach your goals. Think of it this way: you’re only as good as your
worst habits.

Bad habits are like heavy weights that you drag around as you go about your
day. They’ll slow you down, tire you out, and frustrate you. Despite your hard
work and talent, you’ll struggle to reach your full potential when you’ve got
certain thoughts, behaviors, and feelings holding you back.
Picture a man who chooses to go to the gym every day. He works out for
almost two hours. He keeps a careful record of the exercises he performs so he
can track his progress. Over the course of six months, he isn’t noticing much of a
change. He feels frustrated that he’s not losing weight and gaining muscle. He
tells his friends and family that it just doesn’t make sense why he’s not looking
and feeling better. After all, he rarely ever misses a workout. What he leaves out
of the equation is the fact that he enjoys a treat on his drive home from the gym
every day. After all that exercise, he feels hungry and tells himself, “I’ve worked
hard. I deserve a treat!” So each day, he eats one dozen donuts on his drive home.

Seems ridiculous, right? But we all are guilty of this kind of behavior. We
work hard to do the things that we think will make us better, but we forget to
focus on the things that might be sabotaging our efforts.
Avoiding these thirteen habits isn’t just what will help you through grief.
Getting rid of them will help you develop mental strength, which is essential to
dealing with all life’s problems—big or small. No matter what your goals are,
you’ll be better equipped to reach your full potential when you’re feeling
mentally strong.

Table of Contents

13 Things Mentally Strong People Don’t Do- Take Back Your Power, Embrace Change, Face Your Fears, and Train Your Brain for Happiness and Success
ISBN: 978-0-06-235829-5 (regular print edition)
ISBN: 978-0-06-239154-4 (international print edition)

14 15 16 17 18 OV/RRD 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

This book contains advice and information relating to health care. It is not intended to replace medical
advice and should be used to supplement rather than replace regular care by your doctor. It is recommended
that you seek your physician’s advice before embarking on any medical program or treatment. All efforts
have been made to assure the accuracy of the information contained in this book as of the date of
publication. The publisher and the author disclaim liability for any medical outcomes that may occur as a
result of applying the methods suggested in this book.

Creating Happiness with Meditation, Yoga, and Ayurveda


1. Depression, Mental-Alternative treatment. 2. Medicine, Ayurvedic. 3. Hatha yoga. 4. Meditation.
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 File Size 
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 File Type
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 978-0-470-28631-9 (pbk.)
 by Nancy Cullen Liebler, Ph.D.,
 and Sandra Moss, M.S.P.H.

The ancient, timeless wisdom of Ayurveda, the science of life,
focuses on the human being. According to Ayurveda, every
individual is indivisible—undivided, total, complete—a unique
expression of universal consciousness. Within this life, there is a beautiful
amalgamation, which is the union between energy and matter, or
rather, the union among the body, mind, and conscious principle.
In the human body, every single cell is a center of awareness and
is a functional unit that contains its own intelligence called mahat.
Furthermore, there is a beautiful communication taking place among
cells—this is the fl ow of intelligence, also known as prana. Prana is a
bridge among the body, mind, and consciousness. It is the manifestation
of consciousness into the great fi ve elements—space (also known as
ether), air, fi re, water, and earth. These elements operate at the cellular
and physiological level. The structural aspect of the body is governed by
ether (or space), air, fi re, water, and earth. However, the functional aspect
of the body is governed by the three doshas: Vata, Pitta, and Kapha.
Prakruti is an individual’s unique constitution, his or her unique
genetic code. The model of prakruti in Ayurveda speaks a great deal
about the interplay of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha and how they govern
our psychophysiology and psychopathology. Over time, however, the
bodily doshic ratio of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha can change, and that
altered state is called vikruti. We are constantly exposed to external
environmental changes—diet, lifestyle, relationships, jobs, even seasons.
These changes are constantly bombarding the body, and the
doshas react in the form of doshic aggravation. This is a crucial point
where the disease process begins. Vikruti, the altered state of the doshas,
can happen on either a physical or mental level.
This beautiful book, Healing Depression the Mind-Body Way, explains
the interplay among the three doshas. Nancy Liebler and Sandra Moss
have nicely blended Ayurvedic philosophy into their unique work in
the psychological fi eld.
The many faces of depression refl ect qualitative and quantitative
changes in Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. When Liebler and Moss speak
about the broken brain, they are mirroring the Ayurvedic concept that
biochemical disorders can create a khavaigunya, or defective space, in
the manovaha srotas, which is the mind-body connection mechanism.
Manovaha srotas are the psychoneurological channels through which
thoughts, feelings, and emotions fl ow continuously between the body
and the mind. When these channels become blocked, a defective space
is created that permits the doshas to accumulate and create psychological
problems. Depression is one of these problems.
Nancy Liebler and Sandra Moss have taken the wisdom of Ayurveda
and elegantly integrated it with yoga and meditation in this book, creating
a healing modality that addresses the whole person. Every sentence
of this book breathes the truth of spiritual awakening so that the chemistry
of happiness can unfold by metabolizing life, processing matter,
and digesting the emotions—all of which creates the chemistry of happiness.
If we pay complete attention to our thoughts, feelings, and emotions,
a transformation takes place—and through that transformation,
we can awaken our own physician within.
Ayurveda explains that every person is a good healer; the body knows
how to heal itself. Healing Depression the Mind-Body Way offers a new
dimension to healing oneself. It teaches us a very simple and practical way
to live without suffering from depression. It is my wish that great joy, happiness,
and healing energy will unfold in your heart as you read this book.
—Vasant Lad, B.A.M.& S., M.A.Sc.

By picking up this book, you are in good company. You are
among the 40 percent of Americans who are, according a report
in the Journal of the American Medical Association , regularly accessing
care from outside the Western medical tradition. People are increasingly
seeking treatment based on a paradigm that goes beyond the reductionist
view of the human body.

This book is about Ayurveda — the original and ultimate form of
mind - body medicine that is the traditional system of medicine in
India — and its power to eradicate the root of depression. The central
theme of Ayurveda is that nature and the mind - body are aspects of a
single continuum of intelligence. Vedic knowledge (dating from India ’ s
Vedic civilization, thousands of years ago) explains that what exists in
the macrocosm of the natural world also exists in the microcosm of
human physiology — in other words, the human mind - body and the
natural world are refl ections of each other.

According to Ayurveda, human physiology is an ecosystem in which
a stressor on any one aspect of the being affects every other aspect.
Research in Western medicine is currently validating this concept that
has come to us from the ancients. For instance, psychoneuroimmunology
(PNI) informs us that the systems of the body are interrelated
and that they communicate with one another through messenger molecules.
PNI is considered to be one of the most exciting fi elds in modern
medicine. Studies in this fi eld have taught us that, in a very basic
sense, our health is the direct result of the relationship between the
mind and the body.

The knowledge that has come to us from the Vedic sages and from
PNI informs us that the body is the outward manifestation of the
mind, of awareness or consciousness. PNI proposes that we can no
longer consider the mind as one thing and the body as another, or
mental health as separate from physical health. This is new information
for us Westerners, who are often inclined to believe that if we are
depressed or anxious we should just “snap out of it.” That isn ’ t the
case. We can no more snap out of emotional diffi culties than we can
snap out of physical challenges. We need practical techniques to eradicate
the root of depression and anxiety. This is where Ayurveda comes
into the picture.
Refi ned techniques that help to bring balance to the mind - body
were developed thousands of years ago. These techniques are available
to us today, and they have never been needed more. Depression
is growing by leaps and bounds in every industrialized country in the
world. It is considered to be the “ common cold ” of mental illness.
Since depression is caused by a nexus of issues, the likelihood is that
there will never be a one - size - fi ts - all “ magic bullet ” that will be a cure -
all. Instead, monitoring one ’ s lifestyle is and always will be the best way
to ensure physical, emotional, and mental health. We wrote this book
hoping that it will give you what you need to make the changes necessary
to enhance your health and ultimately your happiness.

We urge you to remember that Ayurveda is compatible with
Western medicine. Whatever Ayurvedic interventions you add to your
lifestyle will simply enhance your well - being. We hope that you’ll take
the suggestions we make to heart and implement them, and that they
will, indeed, help you to prevent or undo depression in your life. You
deserve to live your life to its fullest, happiest, and healthiest every
single day. Your life can only be what you make it. Make it yours and
make it great!
We wish you the full realization of your birthright: perfect health and happiness.

Table of Contents
Foreword by Vasant Lad, B.A.M.&S., M.A.Sc. vii
Acknowledgments ix
Introduction 1

1 Beyond the Broken Brain 7
2 Why Depression Happens 23
3 The Many Faces of Depression 31
4 Airy Depression 44
5 Burning Depression 52
6 Earthy Depression 62
7 Metabolizing Life 70
8 Consciousness Becomes Us 82

9 Meditation: Transcending Darkness 99
10 Breathing: Letting Your Life Force Flow 123
11 Exercise: Moving Your Spirit 143
12 Yoga: Posing for Life 160
13 Sleep: Recharging Your Life Force 188
14 Food: Nourishing Rites 216
15 Now What? 252

Appendix: Authors’ Evaluation of the Mind-Body
Questionnaire: Assessing Our Imbalances 267
Resources 269
Index 271


Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey
Published simultaneously in Canada
Drawings by Chris Houghton

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 A Journey Into the World of Spiritual Healing and Shamanism

by Alberto Villoldo, Ph.D., and Stanley Krippner, Ph.D.

Foreword by Lynn V. Andrews, Author of jaguar Woman
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 234 p
 File Size 
 3,919 KB
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 1986, 1987
 by Alberto Villoldo
 and Stanley Krippner 

We each need our own unique healing. So often today
among people w ho are familiar with alternative health
methods , we hear of the " wounded Healer" -a person
who has lived through a life-threatening crisis and has
attained special healing power. It is true that each of us,
though maybe not a traditional or practicing shaman or
healer, is on a journey, seeking wholeness, seeking healing-
our own enlightenment. Perhaps this is the true reason
that we are on this mother earth, and perhaps
enlightenment is the one thing we are most afraid of.
There is a healing sound inherent in each living creature
in this universe . The challenge that we each face is
to create our own dynamic rhythm in our personal universe.
Healing States enables us to explore that possibility.
Much has been said about the integrity of modern
medicine versus the primal techniques of healing. It is
interesting to note that most of the prescribed drugs in
use today trace their roots back to medicine plants
known for centuries by indigenous cultures and their
shamans . If there is one rift between shamanism and
modern medicine that I would like to see bridged, it is
the one caused by modern medicine ' s elitism and refusal
to communicate. We need the merging of ancient wisdom
and modern science. Alberto and Stanley have written
a book that provides the accessibility needed for
communication between two outwardly disparate yet inwardly
common endeavors . That endeavor is the healing
of mind, body, and spirit-the healing of the totality of
the human organism.
As my teacher, Agnes Whistling Elk , has taught me ,
we all must make our own act of power in life. This act
is essential to provide a mirror for our own behavior and
to facilitate our involvement while we also heal others .
The art of shamanism is an act of power that long ago
initiated the use of healing plants and that teaches us to
choreograph the energies held within those plants and
within ourselves. We live in a time of vision, a time when
all of us are seeking not only new answers but also new
questions to help us solve the mysteries that confront us
as a species . In Healing States, Alberto and Stanley investigate
the sources of disease, not just the effects of
illness . In doing so, I believe they have addressed one of
the most important issues of our time.
Lynn V . Andrews

In 1971, Fred Swinney was told by his physician that he
had , at most, three years to live. He was suffering from
hypertension, heart disease, ulcers , and hypoglycemia.
Seeing a connection between his weakened physical condition
and his job pressures as an engineer, he entered
psychotherapy. His experience not only improved his
physical health but prompted Swinney to enter graduate
school in p sychology. He received his clinical certification
in Transactional Analysis in 1 975, and began seeing clients.
But S winne y ' s career change was only the beginning
of a new life direction. In 1 976 he was traveling by canoe
to James B ay in the wilderness of northern Ontario, Canada.
He was alone and had taken along only his sleeping
bag and a few supplie s . One night Swinney fell asleep
before his smoldering fire and had a dream in which animal
predators emerged from the woods and devoured him.

Awakening in terror, Swinney cast his gaze toward the
coals of the fire . Just beyond he discerned two piercing
eyes and the large gray form of a wolf. Swinney' s first
impulse was to run away but, transfixed by the animal's
eyes , found himself unable to move . Surprisingly, a feeling
of total surrender replaced Swinney' s fear, just as if
he were a wolf himself. In the few minutes shared, Swinney
experienced a deep union with the wolf. After the
wolf disappeared through the trees, Swinney still sensed
that he had become a wolf during their brief interaction .
Swinney left the wilderness renewed and grateful to
his inner wolf. He returned to his family and clients in
Michigan. But, he asked himself, how could he use the
wolf in civilization? As the weeks passed , Swinney attempted
to forget the episode as it differed so radically
from anything he had ever experienced . He completed
his Master' s degree in 1 980 and avoided any activity or
setting that would again evoke his wolflike nature .
Five years later, during a group therapy session held
while fire was flickering in Swinney' s fireplace , one of
his clients expressed extreme anger. Suddenly, Swinney
envisioned Libra, the Greek goddess of justice, holding
her balanced scales . He asked his client if she could relate
to this image. The woman erupted with emotion ,
telling the group how, during her childhood , her mother
had tried to treat her and her sister equally . When the
client did not experience this fairness in later life, it upset
her and she could not cope with other people very well.

Upon working through her memories of her early experiences
and subsequent expectations , the client was able
to accept the inequities in her relationships . Eventually,
she was able to terminate therapy. Swinney realized that
the appearance of the image resembled his experience
with the wolf. In both instances , he had been brought
into direct contact with his feelings, hunches , and intuitions.
Swinney resolved to learn more about wolves. Two
friends gave him books about wolves , even though they
knew nothing about his experience in the woods or his
resolution. His reading provided information about shamans
and how they often dream about being devoured
and reborn during their initiation rites or training periods
. Swinney also learned that shamans were the first
professional psychotherapists and that they frequently
have "animal guides" that assist their work with clients .
Identifying with shamans because of his own "animal
guide, " S winney took the name "Graywolf" and intra
duced shamanic elements into his work as a psychotherapist.
Graywolf shared these experiences with us over the
years, and we all planned to meet at the 1 984 convention
of the Association for Humanistic Psychology in Boston.
The program had announced a presentation on shamanism
by Stanley Krippner and Alberto Villoldo , but Villoldo'
s airplane was delayed and Graywolf took his
place . Graywolf told his story and led the group in several
breathing and imagery exercises that he found useful
with his clients . His contributions were well received by
the audience of several hundred people , many of whom
told Graywolf that they were inspired by his account.
This response lent confirmation to Graywolf ' s direction
and he continued to develop his unique approach to
psychotherapy. The three of us presented a program on
shamanism at another Association for Humanistic
Psychology meeting in 1 986. By this time , Graywolf' s
clients considered him a shaman as well as a psychotherapist.
S hamanism is a 100,000-year-old tradition of knowledge
that once permeated all forms of medicine and psychotherapy.
Shamans were the first healers, responsible
for the health and well-being of their community . While
today' s medical practitioners focus upon clients' physical
problems and psychotherapists deal with their mental
and emotional difficulties , shamans have always administered
to these aspects of their clients' lives as well as
to their deep spiritual needs . By "spiritual" we mean
those aspects of human experience that reflect a transcendent
quality, e .g . , an encounter with God , a feeling
of unity with all humanity, a connection with life in general
and with the universe' s creative processes.

The medicine men and women in North and South
America believe that all healing involves an experience
of the spiritual, where the ill person rediscovers his con
nection to nature and to the divine. For thi s , the patient
must step out of his ordinary state of awareness and into
an extraordinary or ecstatic state where the journey back
to health can begin. Don Eduardo Calderon, the Peruvian
shaman described in the second part of this book,
believes that ill people must also discover their own
power as healers , for it is the patients who heal themselves
, not the shaman or medical doctor. In this respect ,
the beliefs of the shamans coincide with those of the
spiritual healers , discussed in the first part of this book ,
who claim that we all have the potential to heal ourselves
and others once we discover our source of power and
healing in the spirit world and are able to transmit this
power to others .

Although the beliefs and healing systems of shamans
and spiritual healers are very different, they both believe
that we all possess awesome potentials and capabilities ,
many of which defy our definitions of the normal . They
believe that there is life after death , that the mind is able
to travel through space to obtain information or influence
events happening at a distant location , that one can
foretell future events and even change the outcome of
these events , that one can travel in dreams , and that one
can create one ' s own healthy body and mind .
The spiritual healers we have studied go so far as to
say that unless we develop and train the extraordinary
skills and unusual abilities of our minds, these abilities
can turn against us, creating psychosomatic disease. Indeed,
it appears that the extraordinary capabilities that
once were in the exclusive domain of healers , mediums ,
and shCJ.mans have become the birthright of everyone
alive today, for we humans are a vital and integral part
of the power that animates the cosmos , not something
set aside from it.

This shamanic vision has inspired both of us from our
earliest years , as one of us [Villoldo] grew up in Cuba in
a culture where " spirits" were omnipresent, and the
other [Krippner] was raised in Wisconsin where Native
American artifacts and traditions were constantly in evidence.
We met at the University of Puerto Rico in 1972
when Villoldo was an undergraduate and Krippner a visiting
professor. We met again a year later when Krippner
was a visiting professor at Sonoma State University in
California and Villoldo was studying for his Masters degree
in psychology. Eventually, Villoldo completed his
doctorate at Saybrook Institute where Krippner was a
faculty member.

Over the years , we have marveled at the shamanic
legacy that exists in North and South America, as well
as at the wisdom in traditions that contain shamanistic
elements. We have observed medicine men, medicine
women, mediums , and herbalists. We have witnessed
their healing sessions, and have attempted to understand
their worldview and their models of medicine and psychotherapy
. We have seen many of these healers change
their state of consciousness through dance, breathing,
music, heat, imagery , and herbal preparations , and have
sometimes entered these states with them. By " consciousness
, " we simply mean a person's overall pattern
of perceiving, thinking, and feeling. A " state of consciousness"
refers to the pattern that exists at any given
point in time . Some states of consciousness are said to
be especially conducive to self-healing or to the healing
of others ; these " healing states " require scrutiny
whether they involve shamanic rituals, mediumship , or
any other procedure .

In the pages that follow we document our journeys and
experiences with some of the most extraordinary healers
of our time and describe techniques of healing and ecstatic
trance that can be used to maintain health and for
self-healing. In addition, we have sought to present as
accurately as possible the shaman' s path to power and
knowledge, a path that is undertaken to enable a person
to achieve healing and wholeness. We did not always
share the healers ' interpretation of the events we witnessed
, nor do we necessarily agree with everything told
us by the healers . Nevertheless, we do harbor a deep
sense of respect for the practitioners we have visited and
the conviction that their wisdom is again needed on this planet.

Technology and industrialization have produced many
benefits for many people . But the earth has paid a price
as it suffers from exploitation, erosion, pollution, and
overcrowding. A spiritual price has also been paid by
those people who feel a lack of connection with anything
vibrant or vital in today' s world . After more than forty
years combined research with spiritual healers and shamans,
we are convinced that their healing and spiritual
traditions offer a direct and powerful path to the spirit in
which , by serving a vision of the vibrant human beings
and the harmonious world we can create , we finally learn
to take responsibility for the healing and continued evolution
of the earth.
Alberto Villoldo and Stanley Krippner

Table of Contents
Foreword ix
Introduction xi
Part I The Dimensions of Spiritual Healing 1
1 Life after Life 5
2 The Medical Doctor Turned Psychic Surgeon 26
3 The Spiritual Psychiatry of Dr. Mendes 39
4 Drum and Candle Ceremonies: Incorporating the
Spirits 55
5 The B uddhist Firewalkers 72
Part II A Journey of Initiation 83
6 The Shaman' s Journey 87
7 The Needle and Thread 78
8 Machu Picchu 1 05
9 Black Magic 1 19
1 0 Between Heaven and Earth 1 26
1 1 Initiation 1 36
Part III From Primitive Myths to
Planetary Healing 145
1 2 Shamanic Ritual , Myth , and Medicine 149
13 Models of S hamanic Healing 1 63
1 4 Healing and Ecstatic States of Trance 1 74
1 5 Toward a Healthy Planet 1 87
Notes 203

Healing States- A Journey Into the World of Spiritual Healing and Shamanism
Published by Simon & Schuster, Inc.
First Fireside Edition, 1987
Simon & Schuster Building
Rockefeller Center
1230 A venue of the Americas
New York, New York 10020
Originally published in West Germany in 1986 by Sphinx Verlag
Basel under the title Heilen und Schamanismus.
All photographs by Franz Ries unless otherwise indicated .
FIRESIDE and colophon are registered trademarks
of Simon & Schuster, Inc.
Designed by Irving Perkins Associates , Inc.
Manufactured in the United States of America

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