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Pursuing the Truth Behind the World’s Greatest Mystery

Gian J Quasar

To that vast horizon, whose approaching will solve many riddles . . .
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 322 p
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 2004, 2005 by Gian J. Quasar 

The Bermuda Triangle:
A Riddle at a Nearby Shore
WITHIN THE WESTERN North Atlantic Ocean there exists what might be
called a triangle of sea extending southwest from the island of Bermuda to
Miami and through southern Florida to Key West; then, encompassing the
Bahamas, it extends southeast through Puerto Rico to as far as 15° North
latitude, and then from there northward back to Bermuda. This is the
area commonly called the Bermuda Triangle. For all intents and purposes
it appears like any other temperate sea. Yet in the annals of sea mysteries
there is no other place that challenges mankind with so many extraordinary
and incredible events, for this is where far more aircraft and ships have
disappeared throughout recorded maritime history than in any other region
of the world’s oceans. With few exceptions the disappearances have
been in fair weather, sending out no distress messages and leaving no
wreckage or bodies. In the last twenty-five years alone, some seventy-five
aircraft and hundreds of pleasure yachts have inexplicably vanished despite
the fact that GPS is now extensively used, that communication systems are
powerful and reliable, and that searches are immediately launched.
Disturbing as these numbers may seem, the circumstances surrounding
many of the disappearances are what really give rise to the greatest
alarm. From the files of several federal investigating bureaus, eye-opening
details emerge that continue to present difficult questions that as yet have
no answers within the scope of our present knowledge of the sea, aeronautics,
and navigation. One such disappearance illustrates this point.
It was Halloween 1991. Radar controllers checked and rechecked what
they had just seen. The scope was blank in one spot now. Everywhere else
within the scope seemed normal, and routine traffic was proceeding undisturbed,
in their vectors, tracked and uninterrupted. But moments earlier
radar had been tracking a Grumman Cougar jet. The pilot was John Verdi.
He and trained copilot, Paul Lukaris, were heading toward Tallahassee,
Florida. Just moments before, with a crackle of the mike, Verdi’s voice had
come over the receiver at the flight center.
He requested a higher altitude. Permission was quickly granted and the
turbo jet was observed ascending from 25,000 feet to its new altitude of
29,000 feet. All seemed normal. Some thunderstorms had drifted into the
path of the jet, and satellite imagery confirmed the area was overcast.
But that was no concern for Verdi. They were above the weather. At
their present altitude they were just breaking out of the cloud cover,
emerging into the brilliant sunlight.
The clouds must have been their typical breathtaking sight, billowing
below in glowing white hills and arroyos.
They were still ascending. Verdi had not yet “rogered” that he had
reached his prescribed flight level.
Radar continued to track the Cougar. Until, for some unknown reason,
while ascending, it simply faded away. Verdi and Lukaris answered no
more calls to respond. Furthermore, they had sent no SOS to indicate
they had encountered any hint of a problem. Readouts of the radar observations
confirmed the unusual. The Grumman had not been captured
on the scope at all as descending or as falling to the sea; there had been
no sudden loss of altitude. It just disappeared from the scope while climbing.
One sweep they were there. The next—raised brows on traffic controllers:
it was blank.
The ocean, sitting under convective thunderstorm activity, was naturally
not conducive to a search. No trace, if there was any left to find,
was ever sifted out of the Gulf. When it was all over, the whole incident
was chalked under a familiar and terse assumption: “aircraft damage and
injury index presumed.”
So far, very few disappearances have ever been reported by the press and,
if they are, they’re reported with little attention to detail, or the reports studiously
avoid any reference to the unusual. In 1978 and 1979 alone, eighteen
aircraft mysteriously vanished, yet only two or three rated any space
in newspapers. Among these missing planes was a DC-3 airliner; a large
twin-engine charter on approach; and several private aircraft in the narrow
corridor between Bimini Island and Miami, which are in view of each
other from aircraft altitudes. Yet, nevertheless, all vanished as if surgically
extracted by a hand being careful not to affect the surrounding heavy
traffic on that route, which reported no signs of wreckage or unusual
weather. Even apart from the strangeness of the events preceding and surrounding
some disappearances, it appears fairly obvious by the number
that something is very wrong.

Although it is often publicly recited that the Bermuda Triangle’s reputation
is based on twenty planes and fifty vessels posted missing over the
last hundred years, official records vividly show that such a number can be
and has been easily exceeded in any given two-year period. On an average,
however, four aircraft and about twenty yachts vanish each year.
The frequency of those two years is alarming enough. But out of all
the alarming elements in the statistics, it is not the isolated surges of
losses that are the most intriguing. Dossiers on all aircraft accidents,
which include missing planes, are still maintained, and behind-the-scenes
they monotonously document the startling repetition. A “Brief Format,”
usually just called a Brief, is available for perusal from civil investigating
authorities, particularly the National Transportation Safety Board in
Washington, D.C. These handy and mostly terse one- or two-page chits
preserve the known facts. Considering the brevity of the information, the
nickname Brief is not a misnomer, especially prior to 1982 before the
Board enlarged the scope of information contained on the sheets. Their
pages, though, quietly testify to the actual number of missing planes in
the Bermuda Triangle.
Computer searches of the database files of the NTSB for several time
brackets reveal some sobering statistics. It is quite surprising to examine the
Briefs and notice what is not in newspapers. For instance, between 1964 (the
oldest dates for the “Brief ” records) and 1974 thirty-seven planes vanished.
The period from 1974 to 1984 show that forty-one aircraft have mysteriously
disappeared in the Bermuda Triangle. The pattern was the same—mostly
over the Bahamas; it continued: from 1984 to 1994 thirty-two vanished.
And from 1994 to the present twenty aircraft have disappeared. Although it
may appear that the number is on the decrease, this decrease mirrors the
economic downturn of the late 1990s, and dropped sharply after September
11, 2001, when traffic was severely curtailed for a number of reasons.
There is no evidence, however, that the circumstances for disappearances
are any less unusual than before. Mystery continues to strike. On
Christmas Eve 1994, a Piper aircraft vanished over West Boca Raton,
Florida—one of the few instances of a plane ostensibly disappearing
over land. Although radar operators could never find a trace of it in their
tracking readouts, a witness below clearly saw the navigation lights of
the Piper. Investigation proved it must have belonged to Laurent Abecassis,
who had taken the plane out earlier in the day for some practice flying.
On May 12, 1999, an Aero Commander, while approaching Nassau,
disappeared from radar for thirty minutes, then miraculously reappeared,
though the pilot seemed unaware anything had happened, be-
fore the plane and the pilot vanished again, this time permanently. On
February 1, 2001, Casey Purvis was in his Cherokee Six playing radar tag
with a Coast Guard aircraft as a practice maneuver. Suddenly he reported
himself in a fog, then vanished. Wreckage from the aircraft was
later found near Marathon, Florida Keys, where he last reported himself.
Weather from both the nearby Coast Guard aircraft and Marathon reporting
station confirmed visibility was clear for 12 miles. On July 20,
2002, a Piper Lance mysteriously crashed after taking off from Freeport,
Grand Bahama. After having been in flight long enough to have been
halfway to Florida, its fuselage was found only 15 miles from its point
of departure. Radar tracking cannot explain it. The phenomenon of
the bizarre is not abating.
Factual aviation accident reports are available from General Microfilm,
the National Transportation Safety Board’s documents contractor, from
1978 onward. Those prior have been destroyed. Carefully sifting through
these accident reports brings to light a pattern interwoven with tragedy
and mystery. Together they create a sobering picture of sudden and many
times bizarre disappearances at sea in a confined area. Quite often, when
faced with the facts, the curious have come away badly jolted. The pages
they read bare some recurrent themes in the losses and these, in turn,
open the door to some potentially explosive issues.
Everybody involved in one particular case—tower and radar controllers
and listening pilots alike—was dramatically affected by some frantic last
words. Uttered in a desperate voice, they introduced other elements, stark
and frightening, in the mystery of missing planes. While in flight near the
coast of Puerto Rico, on June 28, 1980, about 35 miles out, José Torres,
the pilot of an Ercoupe, signaled that a “weird object” in his flight path was
forcing him to change course. Despite all his evasive maneuvers, the object
continued to cut him off. That’s not all—he reported his equipment was
on the fritz, and he was now lost.
“Mayday, Mayday,” he continued to call. Then, as astounded controllers
watched, the plane vanished from the radarscope, with Torres
and his passenger, José Pagan. Minutes later an object reappeared on the
scope and then flitted away. In what manner it fled the scope the report
would not comment.
A search that night cast beams of light on a dark ocean. It was the typical
nothing: a bland ocean surface crisscrossed with streaming beams of
Civil Air Patrol spotlights. The crests and swells were devoid of any trace
of an accident.
Many of the other planes have simply vanished while in sight of land,
while coming in for a landing, or after having just departed, occurring, it
should be emphasized, between a single sweep of the radarscope (less than
40 seconds). Others have vanished over shallow waters, less than 10 feet
deep, yet with equal lack of trace or silhouette to mark their position, as if
magically they just faded away, while others have vanished during radio
contact, as in the case above, blurting such words like: “Is there any way
out of this?”; “Stand by, we have a problem right now”; “Oh, Jesus
Christ . . . ! ”; “What’s happening to me?”; or reporting that their compass
or directional gyro is going berserk.
The missing boats are not just specks lost on a big ocean. Many have
vanished just at the edge of the harbor, others while cruising around a
peninsula, and others have been found drifting shipshape, lifeless, the
occupants gone without leaving any clue behind as to what happened.
In no search undertaken by the Seventh Coast Guard district (which
has jurisdiction over the area of the Bermuda Triangle), for any airplane
or vessel posted overdue and then eventually declared missing, has a body
ever been recovered. Even when the vessel may later be found, it is always
found deserted or, in the case of aircraft, it is found ditched in shallow
water, the ignition key removed, the doors tightly closed, but no sign of
the pilots or passengers.
The disappearances have not been limited to small craft. A whole
squadron of five Navy torpedo bombers, the famous Flight 19, vanished
on a routine training flight off Florida on December 5, 1945, after the
flight leader radioed, among other things, that both his compasses were
no longer working. Although the airplanes had the latest navigational
devices and sea survival equipment, the patrol never found their way
back, nor was any trace found. Passenger aircraft have included DC-3
and DC-4 airliners, plus several other four-engine models. Military aircraft
have even included an eight-engine B-52 bomber. Large ships have included
the 504-foot tanker Marine Sulphur Queen, the 520-foot Poet, and the
590-foot Sylvia L. Ossa. In the case of the Ossa, before she vanished she had
just signaled she was near Bermuda—a dramatic reminder of the boundaries
of the Triangle. Most of these vessels were carrying cargoes that
are fairly safe to ship, such as coal and corn; some have even been in ballast—
that is, empty and shipping no cargoes at all. None of these are as inexplicable
as “reappearances,” where a pilot’s radio messages are captured
receding hundreds of miles beyond where he vanished and hours after
fuel exhaustion. In the case of the Grumman Cougar jet that vanished
from radar while ascending to 29,000 feet, the summation of one observer
that “there is just no logical explanation” seems to fit all these incidents.
There is a growing belief that there is something very different out in
the Triangle as opposed to other seas. Since ships and planes disappear in
like manner, there seems to be little possibility that ordinary mishaps such
as pilot error, vertigo, fuel exhaustion, getting lost, disorientation, or natural
disasters like tidal waves, cyclones, or whirlpools can be the sole culprit.
While some of the above can be deadly to planes, they are not to
ships and vice versa.

Table of Contents

1 The Bermuda Triangle: A Riddle at a Nearby Shore 1
2 The Riddle of Missing Planes 14
3 The Riddle of Vanished Ships 51
4 Can It Be That Simple? 83
5 Those Who Lived to Tell 97
6 Space-Time Vortices, Zero-Point, and Sunken Worlds 118
7 Clues from a Shifting Paradigm 144
8 Atyantica 168
9 The Warnings of Lunar and Martian Anomalies 189
10 Interest from a Past World? 209
11 Let the Oceans Speak 230
12 A Vast Horizon: An Answer from Without,
Within, and All Around Us 249
Notes 262
Bibliography 269
Acknowledgments 283
Index 285

Gian J Quasar - Into the Bermuda Triangle


Maxine A. Papadakis

Stephen J. McPHEE

Associate Editor Michael W. Rabow
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Book Details
 1921 p
 File Size 
 20,261 KB
 File Type
 PDF format
 2016 by McGraw-Hill Education 

Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment 2016 (CMDT 2016) is the 55th edition of this single-source reference for practitioners in both hospital and ambulatory settings. The book emphasizes the practical features of clinical diagnosis and patient management in all fields of internal medicine and in specialties of interest to primary care practitioners and to subspecialists who provide general care.

House officers, medical students, and all other health professions students will find the descriptions of diagnostic and therapeutic modalities, with citations to the current literature, of everyday usefulness in patient care. Internists, family physicians, hospitalists, nurse practitioners, physicians’ assistants, and all primary care providers will appreciate CMDT as a ready reference and refresher text. Physicians in other specialties, pharmacists, and dentists will find the book a useful basic medical reference text. Nurses, nurse-practitioners, and physicians’ assistants will welcome the
format and scope of the book as a means of referencing medical diagnosis and treatment.
Patients and their family members who seek information about the nature of specific diseases and their diagnosis and treatment may also find this book to be a valuable resource.

• Expanded section on opioids for chronic noncancer pain
• Updated smoking cessation therapies, including e-cigarettes
• Revised treatment for patients with hypertension who have diabetes mellitus or chronic kidney disease
• Updated treatment recommendations for diabetes mellitus, including incretins (GLP-1 receptor agonists and DPP-4 inhibitors), sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors, and inhaled insulin
• Updated weight loss treatments for obesity
• New Table outlining when to operate in chronic severe aortic regurgitation
• New Table summarizing the 2014 AHA/ACC Guidelines for defining severe aortic stenosis
• 2014 AHA/ACC Treatment Guidelines for aortic stenosis, including transcutaneous aortic valve replacement (TAVR)
• Revised recommendations for managing anticoagulation in patients with prosthetic heart valves who are pregnant or undergoing noncardiac procedures
• Updated recommendations on dual antiplatelet therapy in patients with acute coronary syndrome who have received bare metal or drug-eluting stents
• Revised treatment section for ventricular premature beats and ventricular tachycardia
• New pharmacologic therapy recommendations for chronic lymphocytic leukemia and hairy cell leukemia
• New medications for metastatic prostate cancer
• New discussion on role of antidepressants in managing generalized anxiety disorder
• New biologics and anti-integrins for Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis
• New treatment algorithm for pulmonary hypertension
• Updated treatment options for reducing rate of lung function decline in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
• Comprehensive update on Ebola virus
• Updated treatment options for erythema multiforme/Stevens Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis
• New section on heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
• Revised treatment options for varicose veins
• New colon cancer test that combines fecal DNA with fecal immunochemical test for stool hemoglobin
• New diagnosis and treatment guidelines for familial adenomatous polyposis
• New treatment section for hepatitis C virus infection
• Extensively revised discussion of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy
• Rewritten section on Allergic Diseases
• New section on drug-induced lupus
• Rewritten section on Renal Amyloidosis
• Extensive revision of Endocrine Disorders
• Updated HIV treatment guidelines
• New Table on dosing influenza vaccines
• Rewritten section on staphylococcal bacteremia
• Extensively revised chapter on Disorders Related to Environmental Emergencies
• Options for managing emetogenic chemotherapy

• Medical advances up to time of annual publication
• Detailed presentation of primary care topics, including gynecology, obstetrics, dermatology, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, psychiatry, neurology, toxicology, urology, geriatrics, orthopedics, women’s health, preventive medicine, and palliative care
• Concise format, facilitating efficient use in any practice setting
• More than 1000 diseases and disorders
• Annual update on HIV infection and AIDS
• Specific disease prevention information
• Easy access to medication dosages, with trade names indexed and costs updated in each edition
• Recent references, with unique identifiers (PubMed, PMID numbers) for rapid downloading of article abstracts and, in some instances, full-text reference articles
CMDT Online ( provides full electronic access to CMDT 2016 plus expanded basic science information and six additional chapters. The six online-only chapters (Anti-Infective Chemotherapeutic & Antibiotic Agents, Fundamentals of Human Genetics & Genomics, Diagnostic Testing & Medical Decision Making, Information
Technology in Patient Care, Integrative Medicine, and Podiatric Disorders) are available at
CMDT. CMDT Online is updated throughout the year and includes an expanded, dedicated Media Gallery as well as links to related Web sites. Subscribers also receive access to Diagnosaurus with 1000+ differential diagnoses, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, Quick Medical Diagnosis & Treatment, and CURRENT Practice Guidelines in Primary Care.

Table of Contents
Authors v
Preface xi
1. Disease Prevention & Health Promotion 1
Michael Pignone, MD, MPH, & René Salazar, MD
2. Common Symptoms 19
Paul L. Nadler, MD, & Ralph Gonzales, MD, MSPH
3. Preoperative Evaluation & Perioperative Management 44
Hugo Q. Cheng, MD
4. Geriatric Disorders 55
G. Michael Harper, MD, C. Bree Johnston, MD, MPH,
& C. Seth Landefeld, MD
5. Palliative Care & Pain Management 71
Michael W. Rabow, MD, & Steven Z. Pantilat, MD
6. Dermatologic Disorders 94
Kanade Shinkai, MD, PhD, Timothy G. Berger, MD,
& Lindy P. Fox, MD
7. Disorders of the Eyes & Lids 166
Paul Riordan-Eva, FRCOphth
8. Ear, Nose, & Throat Disorders 201
Lawrence R. Lustig, MD, & Joshua S. Schindler, MD
9. Pulmonary Disorders 242
Mark S. Chesnutt, MD, & Thomas J. Prendergast, MD
10. Heart Disease 321
Thomas M. Bashore, MD, Christopher B. Granger,
MD, Kevin P. Jackson, MD, & Manesh R. Patel, MD
11. Systemic Hypertension 435
Michael Sutters, MD, MRCP (UK)
12. Blood Vessel & Lymphatic Disorders 468
Christopher D. Owens, MD, MSc, Warren
J. Gasper, MD, & Meshell D. Johnson, MD
13. Blood Disorders 495
Lloyd E. Damon, MD, & Charalambos Andreadis, MD
14. Disorders of Hemostasis, Thrombosis, & Antithrombotic Therapy 542
Patrick F. Fogarty, MD, & Tracy Minichiello, MD
15. Gastrointestinal Disorders 568
Kenneth R. McQuaid, MD
16. Liver, Biliary Tract, & Pancreas Disorders 663
Lawrence S. Friedman, MD
17. Breast Disorders 721
Armando E. Giuliano, MD, & Sara A. Hurvitz, MD
18. Gynecologic Disorders 749
Jason Woo, MD, MPH, FACOG, & Alicia Y. Armstrong, MD, MHSCR
19. Obstetrics & Obstetric Disorders 783
Vanessa L. Rogers, MD, & Kevin C. Worley, MD
20. Rheumatologic, Immunologic, & Allergic Disorders 812
David B. Hellmann, MD, MACP, & John B. Imboden, Jr., MD
21. Electrolyte & Acid-Base Disorders 869
Kerry C. Cho, MD
22. Kidney Disease 898
Suzanne Watnick, MD, & Tonja C. Dirkx, MD
23. Urologic Disorders 938
Maxwell V. Meng, MD, FACS, Thomas J. Walsh, MD,
MS, & Thomas D. Chi, MD
24. Nervous System Disorders 962
Michael J. Aminoff, MD, DSc, FRCP, & Geoffrey
A. Kerchner, MD, PhD
25. Psychiatric Disorders 1033
Nolan Williams, MD, & Charles DeBattista, DMH, MD
26. Endocrine Disorders 1087
Paul A. Fitzgerald, MD
27. Diabetes Mellitus & Hypoglycemia 1190
Umesh Masharani, MB, BS, MRCP(UK)
28. Lipid Disorders 1239
Robert B. Baron, MD, MS
29. Nutritional Disorders 1249
Robert B. Baron, MD, MS
30. Common Problems in Infectious Diseases & Antimicrobial Therapy 1267
Peter V. Chin-Hong, MD, & B. Joseph Guglielmo, PharmD
e1 Anti-Infective Chemotherapeutic
& Antibiotic Agents Online*
B. Joseph Guglielmo, PharmD
31. HIV Infection & AIDS 1310
Mitchell H. Katz, MD
32. Viral & Rickettsial Infections 1342
J. Daniel Kelly, MD, & Wayne X. Shandera, MD
33. Bacterial & Chlamydial Infections 1417
Brian S. Schwartz, MD
34. Spirochetal Infections 1463
Susan S. Philip, MD, MPH
35. Protozoal & Helminthic Infections 1482
Philip J. Rosenthal, MD
36. Mycotic Infections 1524
Samuel A. Shelburne, III, MD, PhD, &
Richard J. Hamill, MD
37. Disorders Related to Environmental Emergencies 1538
Jacqueline A. Nemer, MD, FACEP, & Melissa C. Clark, MD
38. Poisoning 1554
Kent R. Olson, MD
39. Cancer 1585
Patricia A. Cornett, MD, & Tiffany O. Dea, PharmD
e2 Fundamentals of Human Genetics &
Genomics Online*
Reed E. Pyeritz, MD, PhD
40. Inherited Disorders 1655
Reed E. Pyeritz, MD, PhD
41. Sports Medicine & Outpatient Orthopedics 1664
Anthony Luke, MD, MPH, & C. Benjamin Ma, MD
42. Women’s Health Issues 1698
Megan McNamara, MD, MSc, & Judith Walsh, MD, MPH
e3 Diagnostic Testing & Medical
Decision Making Online*
C. Diana Nicoll, MD, PhD, MPA, Michael Pignone,
MD, MPH, & Chuanyi Mark Lu, MD, PhD
e4 Information Technology in
Patient Care Online*
Russ Cucina, MD, MS
e5 Integrative Medicine Online*
Kevin Barrows, MD, & Sanjay Reddy, MD
e6 Podiatric Disorders Online*
Monara Dini, DPM, & Cynthia A. Luu, DPM
Appendix: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring &
Laboratory Reference Intervals, &
Pharmacogenetic Testing 1710
C. Diana Nicoll, MD, PhD, MPA, & Chuanyi Mark Lu, MD, PhD
Index 1729


From inability to let alone; from too much zeal for the new and contempt
for what is old; from putting knowledge before wisdom, and
science before art and cleverness before common sense; from treating
patients as cases; and from making the cure of the disease more
grievous than the endurance of the same, Good Lord, deliver us.
—Sir Robert Hutchison

How to Make Smarter Financial Decisions and Live a Richer Life



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 289 p
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 2009 by David Krueger 

Awell-known therapist once observed, “Money questions will be
treated by cultured people in the same manner as sexual matters,
with the same inconsistency, prudishness and hypocrisy.” The year was
1913. The therapist was Sigmund Freud, early explorer of the secretive,
unspoken side of the human psyche.1
Today, nearly a century since Freud wrote those words, most of us
have come to speak far more openly about sex, yet we remain embarrassed
and conflicted when it comes to talking about our money. If you
doubt this, ask the hosts of your next dinner party what their annual
income is. You probably won’t be on the guest list for their next event.
Ask how much debt they have, and you may not see dessert. That’s the
nature of our relationship with money: silent, forbidden—and unexamined.
It may be true (as Freud himself is alleged to have said) that
sometimes a cigar is just a cigar—but even Freud might have agreed
that a $500 cigar is something else altogether.
Our relationship with money is strange, to say the least. It certainly
goes well beyond the simple numbers it takes to tally up what we earn
and what we owe. If money were about math, none of us would be carrying
any debt. The numbers are simple. What’s complex is what we do
with money: we give it meaning. We breathe life into money and give it
emotional value. We make it bigger than it is. We use money to do things
money isn’t designed to do, and that’s where things get complicated.
Money is a magnifier. Like adversity, it reveals and exaggerates character.
For a problem drinker, money creates more drunkenness. For the
habitually insecure, money can make them paranoid. In the hands of the
caring and generous, it engenders philanthropy. But it doesn’t simply
magnify who we are: it also amplifies who we hope to be, fear we might
have become, or regret that we may never be. It gives form to our fantasies
and shape to our compulsions. We don’t simply earn, save and
spend money: we woo it, flirt with it, crave it and scorn it, punish and
reward ourselves with it.
We invest money with a totemic power it doesn’t truly possess and
then live our lives under the thumb of that dictatorial rule. Like the
master of a runaway band of mad marionettes, money runs us in circles
and beckons us down dead-end paths, inflates our dreams and dashes
our hopes—and all the while it is we ourselves who hold the strings that
make the puppets move!
It is not money but the love of money that Saint Paul identified as
the root of evil. It is not wealth and possessions or even the chase after
these that creates problems in our lives: it is when we lose ourselves in
the chase. And when do we lose ourselves? When we imbue money
with meaning it doesn’t really have, and then keep that meaning a secret
even from ourselves—thus holding ourselves hostage to our own money
story without even realizing we were the ones who made it up it in the
first place.
For three decades—two as a psychoanalyst, one as an executive
coach—much of my work has been focused on exploring the hidden
side of money and helping people successfully change their money stories.
Whether top CEOs and the ultra-rich or the average middle-class
family, the clients I’ve helped over the years have all shared one thing
in common: their problems with money are not about the money.
They’re about the story they try to tell with it.
What follows is a journey to understand the architecture of your
money story: how you use money to shape the world around you, and
how it shapes you back.
One thing we’ll discover is that the brain and mind are not always in
agreement. While one part of us says, “We should be planning for retirement,”
another says, “Hey, let’s have that second cognac and order the
plasma TV!” Each part struggles over the same dollar, and unless we
understand the secret language of money, the results can be disastrous.
In these pages we’ll explore both the brain and the mind, looking
through the lens of leading-edge scientific research from such fields as
psychology, neuroscience and behavioral economics, along with case
studies from my thirty years in the trenches of psychoanalysis and executive
coaching. We will apply these insights to help you strategically
rewire your brain, reprogram your mind and reshape your habits, so that
you can begin using money to say what you want it to say, and create
the life you want to be living.
The Secret Language of Money is not really about your income,
expenses, assets and investments, although it will change how you view
and manage all of these. It is about your relationship with money and
how it affects everything in your life, including your financial success.
It is an unblinking examination of the running dialogue inside your
head about money—about how much you think you’re worth, and how
much you feel you deserve; about what you believe your money says
about you, and how much of it is enough. This book is a rare glimpse
into the secret conversation you hold with yourself about the meaning
of money in your life—and therefore, about your life itself.
Money does talk—but what is it really saying? Or more accurately,
what are you saying through money? This book is about finding the
answer to that question.

Table of Contents

Introduction v
Part I
Your Money Story
one Money Talks—But What Is It Saying? 3
two What Money Means 15
three The Cost of Money 37
four Your Life Is a Story 51
five Your Money Story 63
Part II
Plot Twists
six Your Brain on Money 83
seven Bubbles and Bubble Baths 103
eight Spend, Baby, Spend! 129
nine Into Thin Air: The Secret Language of Debt 147
ten Incredible Deals and Unbelievable Opportunities:
The Secret Language of Scams 169
Part III
Writing a New Money Story
eleven How Much Is Enough? 195
twelve The Heart of the Matter 211
thirteen Writing a New Money Story 229
fourteen Living a New Money Story 253
Index 273

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 337 p
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There are many books on the market that cover the subject of FOREX trading.
But I believe that until now, there has never been a book on this unique
topic that has so vividly described the subject of the FOREX—a universe
completely of its own. The FOREX market is an anonymous entity that
bears many faces, and each individual who participates in it leaves a footprint
that just might change the course of their personal circumstances
based on their individual hopes and dreams for success.

This book was written with several purposes in mind. First of all, this
book is designed to inform and educate the potential FOREX trader about
a field that is growing exponentially around the world and is reaching millions
of individuals from all walks of life. It is a market that was reserved
for a select few just a decade ago but now is in the hands of anyone, even
those without a formal financial education. For this reason, it is very
important to include a qualified point of view from a real trader’s perspective,
a trader who has already traveled through all the steps and experienced
numerous pitfalls but now wants to share this information with you to help
you avoid or, at the very least, minimize any potential negative impact
through education and solid money management techniques.

This book also is intended to provide an overview of all the fundamentals
involved in the FOREX and of the trading process so that any new
trader can easily obtain all the tools needed to ensure a quick start. It is also
aimed at the intermediate trader who has already started the process but
could use some guidance and additional tools, with an emphasis on the
importance of a solid money management program and the right mind-set
to develop a successful trading career.

Written from the insider’s perspective of an experienced FOREX trader
who has gone through every step until reaching a stable and consistent
success, this book is focused on pointing out the potential hazards that
every trader will encounter at some point. In the beginning, it will offer
solutions to help you understand how to mitigate many of the risks involved
by centering on dedicated attention to the preliminary preparation, education,
and training needed to become a true professional in this field.
The overview includes a history of the FOREX and its basics, as well
as a thorough description of all the fundamental, technical, and psychological
aspects and how they merge and interact in the market’s behavior.

Finally, some of the preferred trading systems are described in detail
and discussed as additional elements to help you practice and build your trading toolbox.
I hope that you will enjoy this book and its concepts. May it bring you
a step closer to becoming a consistent winner and an educated and confident FOREX trader.

What is FOREX? FOREX (also known as FX) is the contracted name of
FOReign EXchange, an international trading market where banks, businesses,
and public and private investors of all the countries in the world can
obtain and exchange their respective currencies so as to perform commercial
transactions or simply speculate. This market functions in a different
way from the stock market; the stock exchange has a fixed daily schedule
for opening and closing, whereas the FOREX is open 24 hours a day, five
days a week nonstop. FOREX activities start on Sunday afternoon at 5 p.m.
Eastern Time (ET) and close on Friday at 4 p.m. ET. This continuous activity
is possible because there are always open markets around the world, and
today there is no need for the traders to be physically present at the exchange
location because the funds can be traded electronically from any country.

The main markets involved in the FOREX are New Zealand, Sydney,
Tokyo, China, Frankfurt, London, Zurich, and New York. The FOREX
market is the largest in the world, where more than $3.2 trillion is being
transacted every day (traditional daily turnover was reported to be over
US $3.2 trillion in April 2007 by the Bank for International Settlements.
Source: Triennial Central Bank Survey, BIS, December 2007), which is
many times larger than the combined volume of all U.S. equities and
futures markets, and thus the FOREX is also the market that possesses the
greatest liquidity. Late in 2008, with all the uncertainty in the equities markets,
the FOREX daily turnover surpassed US $6.5 trillion in a day. This
market will continue to attract more and more investors.

Currency trading used to be an exclusive activity reserved to government
central banks and commercial and investment banks. In recent years,
the market has opened up and become available to smaller investors and
speculators, thanks to computers and the Internet.

There is a broad electronic network that allows central banks from all
over the world to share their quotes and actual currency rates. This is known
as the Interbank. In this way, central banks are able to exchange and
convert their currencies one into another in real time. The currencies that
are traded most commonly are the U.S. dollar, the Japanese yen, the euro,
the British pound, the Swiss franc, the Canadian dollar, and the Australian
dollar. The Interbank’s activity being continuous, and thanks to decentralization
from any physical location or exchange, access to real quotes and
the speed at which transactions can be performed are greatly increased.
When you are transacting on the FOREX market, you are simultaneously
buying one currency and selling another. Currencies are always
traded in pairs, for example, pound sterling/U.S. dollar (GBP/USD) or U.S.
dollar/Canadian dollar (USD/CAD).

You would be executing a trade when there is an expectation that the
currency you are buying increases in respect to the one you are selling. If
the value of the currency you have bought effectively increases, you then
would sell the position and take a profit. Currency pairs are composed of
a base currency, which is the first on the quote, and a counter currency
(also called the quote or payment currency), which appears as second
on the quote. When the U.S. dollar is the base currency, quotes are given in
$1 USD per counter currency, for example USD/CAD or USD/JPY.

Table of Contents
Preface xi
Acknowledgments xiii
Disclaimer xv
Introduction xvii
Part 1 The Basics 1
1 What You Must Know to Get Started 3
Back to the Basics: A History of the FOREX 3
FOREX versus Stocks 7
FOREX versus Futures 9
2 Major Currencies and Pairs 11
The U.S. Dollar 11
The Euro 12
The Australian Dollar 12
The Canadian Dollar 13
The British Pound 13
The Swiss Franc 14
The Japanese Yen 14
The New Zealand Dollar 15
The Dollar Index 15
The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) 16
Gold CFDs 16
Crude Oil 17
Cross-Rate Currency Pairs 17
Exotic Currency Pairs 18
Chinese Yuan or Renminbi 18
Swedish Krona 18
Norwegian Krone 19
The Iraqi Dinar 19
3 Anyone Can Learn the FOREX 21
FOREX 101 21
Opening a Position 21
Trading on Margin 23
Managing a Position 23
Closing a Position 24
Pips and Lots 24
The Lot 27
Order Types 27
Where Is the Market Going? 29
Stops and Targets 32
Spreads and Swaps 33
Technical versus Fundamental 34
4 Preparing Yourself Adequately before Jumping
into the Market 37
FOREX Trading Accounts 37
Choosing a Broker 38
Tools 47
Who Trades the FOREX? 49
What Kind of Trader Am I? 50
Trading Techniques 51
The Trader’s Levels of Ascension 55
Part 2 Money Management 59
5 The Secret to Making Money 61
Are You Really Fit to Trade in the FOREX Market? 61
Trading Plans 62
Rules and Discipline 67
How the Market Works 73
Rules for Working with the Market 74
Paper Trading 77
6 How to Keep Your Profits 81
Money Management 81
Managing Risk 86
Leverage and True Leverage 87
Overtrading and Overconfidence 89
Overleveraging 91
Trade Expectations 92
Part 3 Trading Psychology 93
7 Mastering Emotions 95
Trading Psychology 95
Emotions of Trading 99
How to Get Out of a Bad Trade 105
Become a Pro 110
8 Mind over Matter for Huge Profits 113
Affirmations 113
Power of Networking 117
Part 4 Fundamental Analysis 121
9 Economics 123
What Does Economic Release Mean? 123
Fundamental Analysis 123
Dow Theory 125
Fundamental Indicators 127
Japan’s Monetary Policy 137
FOREX Currency Carry Trade 139
Interventions 140
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) 142
Trading the News 143
What Are Contrarian Indicators? 145
Part 5 Technical Analysis 147
10 Technical Indicators 149
Technical Analysis 149
Types of Charts Showing Price Action 150
Trend Indicators 162
Market and Volatility Indicators 168
Understanding Oscillators 173
A Unique Indicator: Ichimoku Kinko Hyo 176
Divergences 177
11 Technical Patterns 181
Candlesticks 181
Chartism Patterns 185
Reversal Patterns 186
Continuation Patterns 192
Elliott Waves 203
Harmonic Price Patterns 208
Fractals 214
Trading Naked (Only Price Action) 215
12 Support and Resistance 217
Support 217
Resistance 218
Trendlines 219
Moving Averages 219
Other Indicators 220
Entering Positions 221
Exiting Positions 222
Pivot Points: Do They Work? 222
Psychological Levels 226
Using Multiple Time Frames 228
Trend Is Your Friend 231
13 Automated Trading 233
Expert Advisors and Automatic Programming
Interfaces (APIs) 233
Advanced Robots: Neural Networks in the FOREX 235
Part 6 Building Your Portfolio 239
14 Secrets to FOREX Diversification 241
FOREX Options 241
Spot FOREX Options 246
FOREX Futures 247
FOREX Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) 248
Contracts for Difference (CFDs) 249
Commodities 250
Indices (Securities) 251
15 My Favorite Ways to Trade 253
Breakouts 253
Channeling 258
Hedging 261
Basic Oscillator-Based Strategy 262
Basic Moving-Average Crosses 263
Trading Gaps 264
Daily High-Low 265

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The role of the FOREX in the world economy is very important
because there is always an increasing need of currency exchange owing to
the development of technology, communications, and general international
commerce. Countries need the FOREX market to be able to sell their products
to other countries and receive payment in their own currency or pay for
their imported goods to the foreign producer in its own currency.
In addition to commercial turnover, though, plenty of money is used
for speculation, and thus the great liquidity of the FOREX allows traders
to profit at any moment, provided they are using the right techniques and strategies.

Over the last few years, the FOREX market has gained significant
ground in the U.S. retail marketplace. Through my many Web sites, such as
the James Dicks FOREX Network (, educational
tools and services, I have introduced millions of individual investors to the
retail FOREX marketplace.

The CNBC “Million-Dollar Portfolio Challenge” is well known among
retail investors. To see firsthand how exciting, how popular, and how big
the FOREX market is getting, just check out the results of the past challenges.
The winner and top investors all dominated the challenge, trading the FOREX.
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