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Connecting to the universe from within

Mantak China

1. Sex—Religious aspects—Taoism. Chia, Mantak, 1944– Cosmic orbit. II


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 Copyright©   
 2005, 2009 by North Star Trust
 Originally published in Thailand in 2005
 by Universal Tao Publications
 under the title Cosmic Orbit:
 Connect to the Universe from within

About the Author
Mantak Chia has been studying the Taoist approach to life since childhood. His
mastery of this ancient knowledge, enhanced by his study of other disciplines,
has resulted in the development of the Universal Tao System, which is now
being taught throughout the world.
Mantak Chia was born in Thailand to Chinese parents in 1944. When he was
six years old, he learned from Buddhist monks how to sit and “still the mind.”
While in grammar school he learned traditional Thai boxing, and soon went on
to acquire considerable skill in Aikido, Yoga, and Tai Chi. His studies of the
Taoist way of life began in earnest when he was a student in Hong Kong,
ultimately leading to his mastery of a wide variety of esoteric disciplines, with
the guidance of several masters, including Master I Yun, Master Meugi, Master
Cheng Yao Lun, and Master Pan Yu. To better understand the mechanisms
behind healing energy, he also studied Western anatomy and medical sciences.
Master Chia has taught his system of healing and energizing practices to tens
of thousands of students and trained more than two thousand instructors and
practitioners throughout the world. He has established centers for Taoist study
and training in many countries around the globe. In June of 1990, he was
honored by the International Congress of Chinese Medicine and Qi Gong (Chi
Kung), which named him the Qi Gong Master of the Year.
....

About Inner Traditions • Bear & Company
Founded in 1975, Inner Traditions is a leading publisher of books on indigenous
cultures, perennial philosophy, visionary art, spiritual traditions of the East and
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Putting the Alchemy 
of Sexual Energy into Practice
The practices described in this book have been used successfully for thousands
of years by Taoists trained by personal instruction. Readers should not undertake
the practice without receiving personal transmission and training from a certified
instructor of the Universal Tao, since certain of these practices, if done
improperly, may cause injury or result in health problems. This book is intended
to supplement individual training by the Universal Tao and to serve as a
reference guide for these practices. Anyone who undertakes these practices on
the basis of this book alone, does so entirely at his or her own risk.
The meditations, practices, and techniques described herein are not intended
to be used as an alternative or substitute for professional medical treatment and
care. If any readers are suffering from illnesses based on mental or emotional
disorders, an appropriate professional health care practitioner or therapist should
be consulted. Such problems should be corrected before you start training.
This book does not attempt to give any medical diagnosis, treatment,
prescription, or remedial recommendation in relation to any human disease,
ailment, suffering, or physical condition whatsoever.
The Universal Tao cannot be responsible for the consequences of any practice
or misuse of the information in this book. If the reader undertakes any exercise
without strictly following the instructions, notes, and warnings, the responsibility
must lie solely with the reader.
....


Table of Contents
Cover Image
Title Page
Acknowledgments
Putting the Alchemy of Sexual Energy into Practice
Introduction
WHITE MAGIC PRACTICES OR INNER ALCHEMY
THE TAO TEACHES HOW TO CULTIVATE INNER ENERGY AND CONNECT THIS
ENERGY WITH THE UNIVERSE
RELAXATION, LETTING GO, SURRENDER, AND EGO
MIND, ORGANS, AND SEXUAL ORGANS
MEDITATION IN THE UNIVERSAL TAO SYSTEM
THE COSMIC ORBIT MEDITATION, FOUNDATION OF THE UNIVERSAL TAO SYSTEM
1 • Connect to the Universe with the Cosmic Orbit
THE TAOIST UNIVERSE, ELEMENTS, AND AWARENESS
OUR SPINNING UNIVERSE
RETURNING TO THE PRIMORDIAL FORCE
2 • Preliminary Practices for the Cosmic Orbit Meditation
ESSENCE OF TAO PRACTICES
THE SIX HEALING SOUNDS
BREATHING EXERCISES AND SALIVA AND CHI MIXING
PROTECTING AND CLEANSING WITH UNIVERSAL CHI
PRELIMINARY PRACTICES INTEGRAL TO THE COSMIC ORBIT PRACTICE
3 • Warming the Stove and Laughing Chi Kung
WARMING THE STOVE
LAUGHING CHI KUNG
4 • Three Minds into One and the Powers of Ten
UPPER MIND, MONKEY MIND
THE MIDDLE BRAIN, THE CONSCIOUS MIND
THE SECOND BRAIN IS A KEY CONCEPT IN TAO PRACTICE
BALANCING THE THREE ENERGY CENTERS
EXPAND YOUR AWARENESS AND CALMNESS
HUMAN ENERGY HAS THE SAME QUALITY AS THE UNIVERSAL ENERGY
POWERS OF TEN—THE UNIVERSE AND THE HUMAN
GOD IS TOO BIG TO FIT IN ONE RELIGION
5 • Cosmic Healing Chi Kung
THE COSMIC INNER SMILE
OPENING THE THREE TAN TIENS TO THE SIX DIRECTIONS
6 • The Cosmic Orbit Meditation
THE COSMIC ORBIT
7 • Freedom, Harmony, and Balance in the Tao
FREEDOM IS THE GOAL OF THE TAO
ACHIEVING INNER HARMONY
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ON UNIVERSAL TAO PRACTICES
Bibliography
The Universal Tao System and Training Center
About the Author
About Inner Traditions • Bear & Company
Copyright & Permissions


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The Alchemy of Sexual Energy- Connecting to the universe from within
....
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Rochester, Vermont 05767

Illustrations: “Light year illustrations and negative meters” from the book
Powers of Ten by Philip and Phyllis Morrison. Copyright 1982, 1994 by
Scientific American Library. Reprinted by arrangement with Henry Holt and
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- Women's Sexual Fantasies -

Nancy Friday

The Classic Bestseller


My Secret Garden- Women's Sexual Fantasies
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FOREWORD by "J,"
author of the Sensuous Woman

 I’ve never met Nancy Friday, but I feel that I know her, for I
still have pictures of her wedding tucked away in a drawer. She
had what I consider a perfect wedding – romantic, glamorous,
inexpensive and private – and the reason I know about it is that
Cosmopolitan Magazine covered the event in its April 1966 issue.
The article was titled "Marry the Man Today…in Rome," and
when the manuscript of My Secret Garden was sent to me for
comment, I dug out Cosmopolitan and took another look at the
author. My memory was accurate. Nancy Friday looks like a
former Miss America – pretty, wholesome, well-scrubbed,
glowing. This girl has written a book on women’s sexual fantasies?
There couldn’t be a more perfect author, for it’s time that we
removed the veils of misunderstanding from this subject and
made it respectable. Too many people assume that anyone who
has sexual fantasies is mentally sick or oversexed – or both! Ms.
Friday’s healthy attitude and common-sense comments will do
much to alleviate guilts, fears and ignorance, and the fact that she
is somewhat of a girl-next-door type will be comforting to readers
who feel that sexual fantasies aren’t well-bred.

Admittedly, the reader will at times have to fight off shock,
prurient interest and distaste while reading My Secret Garden.
This is no coffee-table book. Nor should it be left around where
children might pick it up. My Secret Garden could bring plain
brown paper wrappers back into vogue, for not only is it a
serious, informative study of a facet of human sexuality that has
been largely ignored, it is also painfully personal,
uncompromisingly candid and unabashedly erotic. There has
never been anything quite like it. You are going to have to force
yourself at times to remember that this is a clinical work.
I began to be interested in sexual fantasies several years ago
when I realized how much you could learn about the person you
love by examining his or her fantasies. For it is pretty certain that
sexual fantasies do reflect one’s secret vision of ideal sexual
activity. That doesn’t mean I think you should take your lover’s
dreams literally (most fantasies feature highly exaggerated
behaviour), but you should become aware that buried in his or
her favourite sexual fantasy is a core of desire to experience a
special psychological attitude or activity and the accompanying
physical sensations. You won’t really know your lover until you
have unearthed those hidden desires. Nor will you have achieved
complete trust and intimacy until you have been able to share
your fantasies with each other and have them accepted. Perhaps
this book will break the barrier of silence.

Very little space was devoted to sexual fantasies in The
Sensuous Woman. Most of the women I interviewed were
uninhibited in their discussions of the subject and I incorporated
some of their comments into several chapters. I even considered
doing a separate section detailing the fantasies that were repeated
to me most often, but I dropped the idea when the companion
chapter on men’s fantasies proved so difficult. That was one of
the shortest chapters in my book, for, much to my astonishment,
asking a man about his sexual fantasies triggered a response
similar to that of hitting an exposed nerve. In both individual and
group interviews the men reacted as if I had suggested rape, and
clammed up immediately. Even swingers and habitual orgiasts
seemed to be struck by a bolt of instant amnesia. After The
Sensuous Woman was published, I got a number of letters from
women saying they thought the chapter on men’s fantasies was
interesting, but not one comment was ever received from men.
My heart goes out to the poor soul who attempts to compile the
first book on men’s fantasies. It would be easier, to train turtles
to outrun greyhounds.

In all fairness, I should mention that my own sex has its area
of sensitivity. I had an extremely difficult time getting many
women to discuss masturbation. They would volunteer every
detail of their lovemaking, acknowledge extramarital affairs, etc.,
without embarrassment, but be unable to even say the word
masturbation, much less admit to engaging in this very normal
activity. Only when they were describing a sexual fantasy were
these women able to relax enough to speak of masturbation.
I mention all this to explain my opinion that men and women
will react very differently to My Secret Garden. I suspect that
women generally will be fascinated by the revelations in this
book, but not surprised. Nor will these readers have trouble in
acknowledging that they too fantasize. Those women, however,
who consider sexual intercourse unpleasant and/or unsatisfying
will be revolted by the explicit and enthusiastically carnal sexual
daydreams of the women in this book and will reject and deny
their own fantasies both to the world and to themselves.

And how will the male react? The first man I gave My Secret
Garden to was so turned on by the book that he went on a
lovemaking marathon. But, unfortunately for the women in
America, I suspect that this reaction was not average. The next
few male readers were much like the men Nancy Friday tells us
about. Since many of the women in this book regard their sexual
fantasies as more intimate than the sex act itself, the men felt that
their masculinity was threatened (how could any dream be more
satisfying than, me?). These readers were especially furious at
the fantasies where women imagined that their husbands were
movie or sports stars during their lovemaking. (A common male
fantasy, by the way, is to imagine while he is making love to his
wife or girlfriend that she is Raquel Welch, Ava Gardner or
whoever else excites him. The double standard seems to extend
even to dreams.)
Some men, already unnerved by the onslaught of women’s lib,
will be angered that they are treated as sex objects in most
women’s fantasies and be shocked and frightened by some of the
contributors’ lusty, dominating, twisted dreams. The possibility
that Susan, his demure little wife, could imagine even one of the
outrageous acts in My Secret Garden will be more than this type
of man can handle emotionally, and my advice to Susan is that
she let him know that she approves of the book but keep her
fantasies to herself until he matures a little more. Women are
going to have to do most of the work of helping men
acknowledge that it isn’t freaky to fantasize.

I know I haven’t told you any of my fantasies. I’m not about
to. So much of my sex life was revealed in The Sensuous
Woman, all I have left are my fantasies! Variations of them are
in My Secret Garden though (the first thing I did when I got the
manuscript was look through it to see if I was represented), and I
bet your secret garden is here, too. Nancy Friday has collected
enough fantasies so that there is something for everyone.
Whether you like it or not, My Secret Garden is a milestone in
sex education, for it explores one of the last uncharted areas of
female sexuality and forces us to acknowledge the probability
that fantasies are as necessary to our sexual well-being as dreams
are to healthy sleep. More scientifically oriented books will
follow as sex researchers start to give fantasies the attention they
deserve, but I doubt if the experts’ book will be as human and
readable as My Secret Garden.
December 10, 1972 "J," author of The Sensuous Woman
....


Table of Contents
FOREWORD by "J," ......................................................... 1
CHAPTER ONE
“TELL ME WHAT YOU ARE
THINKING ABOUT,” HE SAID.............................................5
CHAPTER TWO
"WHY FANTASIZE WHEN YOU HAVE ME?"
FRUSTRATION.................................................................... 17
Madge, Dot
INSUFFICIENCY.................................................................. 21
Louella, Irene, Annette, Maria
SEX ENHANCEMENT......................................................... 27
Patricia, Suzanne,
FOREPLAY .......................................................................... 34
Bertha, Bellinda
APPROVAL.......................................................................... 38
Sally, Vicki, Francesca, Sondra
EXPLORATION.................................................................... 46
Karen, Abbie, Hilda, Heather, Kitty
SEXUAL INITIATIVE........................................................... 53
Carol, Faye
INSATIABILITY................................................................... 60
Clarissa, Annabel, Iris, Nora .............................................. 65
DAYDREAMS...................................................................... 66
Corinne, Molly, Alicia, Lily, Eliza, Esther, Shirley, Lillian,
Viola
MASTURBATION................................................................ 74
Patsy, Norma, Adair, Mary Beth, Elizabeth, Mary Jane,
Amelia, Alix
THE LESBIANS.................................................................... 86
Marion, Jeanne, Lisa, Zizi, Kate
CHAPTER THREE
THE HOUSE OF FANTASY
ROOM NUMBER ONE: ANONYMITY.............................. 100
Linda, Pamela, Marie
ROOM NUMBER TWO: THE AUDIENCE......................... 108
Caroline, Elspeth, Mary Jo, Melanie, Celeste
ROOM NUMBER THREE: RAPE....................................... 116
Julietta, Gail, Dinah, Sadie
ROOM NUMBER FOUR: PAIN AND MASOCHISM........ 123
Barbara, Edith, Rose Ann, Amanda
ROOM NUMBER FIVE: DOMINATION............................ 133
Nathalie, Poppy, Heather, Ingrid
ROOM NUMBER SIX: THE SEXUALITY OF TERROR.... 146
Johanna, Anna
ROOM NUMBER SEVEN: THRILL OF THE FORBIDDEN151
Emma, Donna
ROOM NUMBER EIGHT: TRANSFORMATION ROOM... 155
Monica, Betty, Phyllis
ROOM NUMBER NINE: THE EARTH MOTHER ROOM.. 165
Vivian, Marina
ROOM NUMBER TEN: INCEST........................................ 168
Bella, Dominique, Lola
ROOM NUMBER ELEVEN: THE ZOO.............................. 175
Jo, Rosie, Dawn, Wanda
ROOM NUMBER TWELVE: BIG BLACK MEN................ 181
Margie, Raquel, Lydia
ROOM NUMBER THIRTEEN: YOUNG BOYS.................. 185
Evelyn, Victoria
ROOM NUMBER FOURTEEN: THE FETISHISTS ........... 188
Faith
ROOM NUMBER FIFTEEN: OTHER WOMEN ................ 190
Christine, Dolly, Bee, Venice, Lilly, Rita, Mary Beth,
Viv, Lee, Willa, Dana, Cara, Celia, Theresa, Tania,
Michelle, Sandra, Patty
ROOM NUMBER SIXTEEN: PROSTITUTION ................. 207
CHAPTER FOUR
"WHERE DID A NICE GIRL LIKE YOU GET AN IDEA
LIKE THAT?"
CHILDHOOD...................................................................... 209
Theda, Lindsay, Fiona, Felicia, Sonia, Phyllis, Marlene,
Kay, Trudy, Mona, Stella
SOUNDS............................................................................. 221
June, Nina, Meg, Holly, Evie
WOMEN DO LOOK ........................................................... 225
Fay, Sukie, Constance, Deana, Anna, Vera, Una, Lois,
Liz, Winona, Rudy, Gale, Imogene, Francine, April,
Myrna, Laurie, Jeanie
SEEING AND READING.................................................... 234
Mary Jane, Miranda, Margaret, Alexandra, Stephanie
RANDOM ASSOCIATIONS ............................................... 243
Susie, Adrienne, Doris, Lulu, Daisy, Kit, Flossie, Josie,
Brett, Sarah, Maud, Gelda
CHAPTER FIVE
GUILT AND FANTASY, OR, WHY THE FIG LEAF?
WOMEN’S GUILT.............................................................. 257
Christiana, Hope, Lil, Alison, Clare, Penelope ................. 267
MEN’S ANXIETY .............................................................. 268
Tina’s husband ................................................................ 269
CHAPTER SIX
FANTASY ACCEPTED........................................................271
"OF COURSE I FANTASIZE, DOESN’T EVERYONE?". 272
Gloria, Hannah, Sophie, Bobbie, Paula
FANTASIES THAT SHOULD BE REALITY ....................298
Martha
ACTING OUT FANTASIES, PROS AND CONS................ 300
Sylvia, Babs, Elizabeth, Winnie, Loretta, Sheila,
Claudine, Jocelyn
SHARING FANTASIES ...................................................... 311
Lynn, Jacqueline, Doris, Bonnie, Jessie, Esther, Posie,
Marx, Joan, Adele’s husband
CHAPTER SEVEN
Quickies .................................................................................327
AFTERWORD
“IN DEFENSE OF NANCY FRIDAY"
by Martin Shepard, M.D., psychiatrist, ................................ 340


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My Secret Garden- Women's Sexual Fantasies
....
My Secret Garden allows an important aspect of this natural
curiosity to emerge from a locked closet. The bigger "secret," however, remains.

Yvonne K. Fulbright, PhD

1. Oral sex. 2. Sex instruction for women.


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 1-4405-1134-9
 978-1-4405-1134-9
 Copyright©   
 2011 F+W Media, Inc 

Introduction
Open Up and Say “Ahhhh…”

If you've cracked open this book, your curiosity has been
piqued. Oral sex has a way of doing that, beckoning lovers
to come get a taste. Those who have been there know
it's the means to better, more fulfilling orgasms. Those
who haven't gone down under — or those who have been
disappointed by earlier experiences — at least know its
reputation for inviting sexual release in a way that nothing
else can. There's no doubt that going down on your
partner has taken center stage in the quest for sexual
fulfillment. It seems like everyone wants more than a
mouthful, and who can blame them?

Becoming an oral connoisseur is where it's at when it
comes to reaching new, jaw-dropping sexual heights.
However, while your aim is to give him the best head
ever, this book is very much about how to make the experience
of giver the best for you too. After all, a pleasure
shared is a pleasure doubled, and your ability to not
only deliver the most effective techniques around, but
love what you're doing, while you're doing it, is critical
to both your and your partner's erotic experience.

intended for lovers looking for erotic ideas, couples hoping
to deal with their oral sex issues, and women seeking
to make oral sex more palpable or more of a priority in
their passion pursuits. It will answer all of those questions
that you're too afraid or too embarrassed to ask. As
with any sex act, oral sex mastery comes with time, dedication,
practice, and desire and, as a sex educator and
relationship expert, I know well the trials and tribulations
that lovers grapple with when it comes to fellatio.

Fortunately, this book will send you well on your way,
offering oral sex tips and techniques, and strategies to
help you overcome any barriers, as well as:
• A whole new level of “sexpertise.”
• Realistic erotic expectations.
• How to communicate your needs, concerns, and
questions to your partner.
• The information and skills needed to take care of
both your and your partner's sexual health while
doing what you'll learn to do best.
• Tons of instruction on how to eroticize oral sex
and how to get both you and your partner off.
• Information on his potential for multiple orgasms.
• Referrals you can turn to for more information.
I can't say it enough — going down on your guy can
offer some of the greatest pleasures and most intimate
moments that you'll ever experience. The confidence
and power trip that comes with knowing that you're an
expert at giving head is an ego boost like no other. By
the end of this book, you'll be on top of your game, feeling
great about your ability to help him feel more than a
little sexually satisfied.

As you read through the following pages, it's important
to remember that sexual preferences are as numerous
as there are people. How to make oral sex an art
form for your sexual partner needs to be explored and
you'll need to specially tailor your skills to his wants and
likes. Some things may work after one or many tries;
others may not. Some techniques may work at another
stage in your relationship — or with a totally different
guy. If you're in your current relationship for the longhaul,
you'll want to come back to this book more than
once to keep your oral intimacy original and red hot.
After all, we all evolve as lovers in our pleasures, reactions, and abilities.

But, no matter your experience, this book will help
you to see oral sex in a whole new, healthy, exciting
light. Trust me, you'll soon be delivering like an oral sex pro.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION: Open Up and Say “Ahhh …”

CHAPTER 1: Our Intrigue with Oral Sex
CHAPTER 2: Sexual Anatomy: Passion-Inducing Parts
CHAPTER 3: Naked Twister Gets Naughty: Positions for Oral Sex
CHAPTER 4: Foreplay for Oral Sex
CHAPTER 5: Techniques for Oral Sex Aficionados
CHAPTER 6: It's Playtime! Sensual Enhancements
CHAPTER 7: Sacred Oral Sex Approaches
CHAPTER 8: Owning Your Pleasures: Assessing Any Issues
CHAPTER 9: Genital Perceptions: Attending to the Senses
CHAPTER 10: Opening Your Mouth for Oral the Other Way: Sex Communication
CHAPTER 11: Maximizing Your Orgasmic Potential

Conclusion: Make Sure You Get Some Too!
APPENDIX A. Glossary
APPENDIX B. Resources

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CONCLUSION
Make Sure You Get Some Too!

Everybody has their own preferences when it comes to
being giver or receiver and a major motive in giving for
both sexes is the expectation that their partner will “return
the favor.” This expectation plays heavily in a
person's willingness to go south of the border. Typically,
women report feeling obliged to give head to partners
after men go down on them. A woman's main motive to
give head is to please her partner, but many women adore
giving as much as they love to receive in return.

Loretta A. Cormier & Sharyn R. Jones

- How Womanhood Has Shaped Manhood -


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 Copyright©   
 2015 by the University of Alabama Press  

Epilogue
In these pages, we have presented an anthropological history of
the penis that incorporates evidence from evolutionary theory, primatology,
archaeology, and cultural anthropology. It is obvious that the human penis,
when compared with that of our primate cousins, is unique in terms of its
size, shape, and ability to prolong sexual activity while remaining erect. However,
most discussions of human sexuality and evolution have long ignored
one of the most intriguing aspects of the evolution of the human penis, that
is, the role of female choice. Female choice has shaped the penis, in the process
of domesticating it, and thus contributed to both the biological and cultural
evolution of our species. Moreover, the human penis appears to have
evolved for social sex rather than for strictly reproductive purposes. This
argument sheds new light on the idea that alpha males, being aggressive and
dominant, are able to mate with more females and produce more offspring.
The alpha-male myth is debunked by the weight of data, which illustrates that
cooperation, empathy, and positive social interactions convey advantageous
reproductive success to individuals and groups.

Throughout this book we have emphasized several themes, including the
role of female mate selection with an emphasis on social sex; the connection
between agricultural practices and the rise of penis cults; the connection
between an ideology of male dominance and elaborate phallus imagery as an
expression of male control, in addition to other meanings; and the future of
our relationship with the penis. From a historical perspective, it appears that
the social roles of males and females shifted in association with, and perhaps
as a result of, the development of agriculture. Gradual systematic changes
in food production, society, and culture are evidenced in archaeological, ethnohistoric,
and ethnographic data. For the majority of humanity, over time,
the hunting and gathering and egalitarian way of life was replaced by one of
elaborate food production. Males became associated with ownership of land,
and, in some contexts, of people. Patriarchy and male control of the dominant
political and public social spheres appear to have become increasingly
common after the adoption of full-scale agriculture. Our review of data from
around the globe provides ample evidence to support the notion that deeprooted
and pervasive connection exists between penis cults and agricultural societies.

While our cross-cultural investigation cannot examine all the specifics
associated with each culture, ethnic group, gender, time, and place, we do
find a pattern of cultural expressions, themes, and symbols. Phallic imagery,
material culture, and written records of the past relating to phallocentrism are
abundant. These varied lines of evidence suggest connections between concepts
of domestication, fertility, creation, the legitimacy of rulers, and public
expressions of masculine power. Another theme that appears in many cultural
contexts is expressed as the opposition between male and female. We
see widespread evidence from places as far-flung as Cambodia, Mexico, and
Rome that social institutions drew power and support from phallic imagery
that privileged masculine expressions. Daily reminders of masculine power
appeared in religious rituals, texts, charms, and quotidian domestic objects.

The phallus was also memorialized in elements of the landscape and as part
of monumental architecture. In some cases, as in the Classic Mayan iconography
of the Yucatán, shared cultural symbols of the phallus may have been a
response to social and environmental stresses. In places such as ancient Egypt
and Japan, the phallic symbol had clear associations with fertility, resurrection,
and social order. While as symbols the penis and the phallus convey varied
meanings in different cultural contexts, themes of bodily transformation,
male versus female, phallic power, and both the natural and domesticated
worlds are common. We argue that cultures focused on these subjects in the
process of building and sustaining social institutions.

We have explored the way that ethnographically recorded cultural customs
associated with the penis may be understood through the concept of
the extended phenotype. Our review suggests that an ideology of patriarchy
frequently appears when cross-cultural phallicism, rituals, and religion
are examined. The penis is often a significant component of rituals, rites of
passage, and mythological stories. This is evident in the practices of penis
sheathing and modification and in the bullroarer complex. These customs
domesticate the penis by altering it in culturally appropriate ways. Some practices
are motivated by masculine anxiety and perhaps are efforts to ensure
patriarchy and male superiority or power, as evidenced by modes of penis
manipulation and accounts of penis theft and loss. As we have seen in the
archaeological, ethnographic, and ethnohistoric records, phallic imagery and
explicit expressions of maleness are related to male power and social position.
By memorializing critical events with phallic imagery and rituals, those with
power, and even those without power, reiterate the socially dominant role of males.

Although we argue that female choice shaped the evolution of the penis,
in many cultures the phallus has been symbolically associated with power,
masculinity, ownership, and control. Given the likelihood that females actually
directed the evolution of our species with mate selection, the ideological
position of the penis is somewhat surprising. Perhaps in the future we will
follow the lead of our primate cousins the bonobos. Perhaps we will begin to
act on the understandings that making peace is more productive than making
war and that expressions of dominance and power are often less effective than
empathy, compassion, and cooperation.

Table of Contents
List of Illustrations vii
Acknowledgments ix

1 The Human Penis | Why Study the Phallus? 1

2 The Sexual Penis | The Phallus in Evolutionary Perspective 9

3 The Patriarchal Penis | Phallic Cults and the Dawn of Agriculture 45

4 The Cultural Penis | Diversity in Phallic Symbolisms 88

5 The Erotic-Exotic Penis | Phallic Facts and Fictions 113

6 The Domesticated Penis | The Phallus and the Future 132

Epilogue 147
Notes 151
References 175
Index 225


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Illustrations
2.1 “Two Female Bonobos GG-Rubbing”
3.1 Egyptian obelisk, 
Boboli Gardens of the Pitti Palace, Florence, Italy
3.2 Priapus, god of fertility, 
depicted on the wall in the doorway of the House of Vettii at Pompeii
3.3 Bronze statue of the faun in the impluvium at the House of the Faun, Pompeii
3.4 Phallic house relief and fresco located along one of the main streets in Pompeii
3.5 Penis image carved on the street in Pompeii
3.6 Fountain depicting the Roman god Neptune 
in the Boboli Gardens of the Pitti Palace, Florence, Italy
3.7 Copy of Michelangelo’s David statue, Piazza della Signoria, Florence, Italy
3.8 Obelisk in Saint Peter’s Square at the Vatican in Rome, Italy
3.9 Renaissance bronze sculpture of Perseus with Medusa’s head,
Loggia dei Lanzi of the Piazza della Signoria, Florence, Italy
3.10 Harappan seals from Early Indus Period
3.11 Elaborate Shiva linga carving with head motif, 
National Museum of India in New Delhi
3.12 Miniature Shiva linga and yoni shrine next 
to a Ganesha statue in north India
3.13 Shiva linga and yoni shrines are still produced in Asia for the
tourist trade and for purposes of worship
3.14 Ancient Shiva linga and yoni shrine at the 
Angkor Wat temple complex of Cambodia
3.15. Ancient Shiva linga shrine at Bayon temple in Angkor Thom
at the Angkor Wat complex in Cambodia
3.16 Stone phallus at Shinto shrine
3.17 Carving along the Terrace of the Leper King at Angkor Thom
in the Angkor Wat complex in Cambodia
3.18 Painting depicting penises on the wall of a house and gallery in Bhutan
3.19 Phallic drinking fountain in front of a house in Nepal
4.1 Bullroarer
4.2 Phallic cornerstone marker in front of a church in Rome, Italy
4.3 Cerne Abbas giant in Dorset, England

Eleanor Herman

- 500 Years of Adultery, Power, Rivalry, and Revenge -


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Book Details
 Price
 2.50
 Pages
 265 p
 File Size 
 1,290 KB
 File Type
 PDF format
 ISBN
 9780061751554
 Copyright©   
 2004 by Eleanor Herman  

About the Author
ELEANOR HERMAN was born in Baltimore, Maryland. She studied journalism and German at Towson State University and languages in Europe. For eight years she was associate publisher for North America for NATO’s Nations and Partners for Peace magazine. She is married and lives in McLean, Virginia, where she writes history from a woman's perspective.

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Introduction
When the destiny of a nation is in a woman’s bedroom, 
the best place for the historian is in the
antechamber.
—CHARLES-AUGUSTIN SAINTE-BEUVE

When we imagine the finest mistress of all—she who is fit for a king—we
see a hazy, shimmering image of a woman whose hands caress and mold history.
She stands, for the most part, in the shadows of a world where the spotlight
shines solely on men bludgeoning history into shape. Now and then we hear the
rustling of a silk skirt, or hear her musical laughter echoing from behind the throne.

The rise of the royal mistress in European courts was sudden, springing up
from departing medieval mists. For a thousand years after the fall of Rome, royal
sin was hidden in the thick hangings of a four-poster bed and then lamented in
the stuffy darkness of the confessional. The powerful Catholic Church cast a
jaded eye on adultery, and the jezebels of the court were kept firmly in the background.

Sometimes a woman’s first name was linked to a feudal monarch, a Maude
or a Blanche, and nothing else is known. Numerous royal bastards,
acknowledged by kings, seemed to sprout from thin air, and we can only assume
they had mothers. This near-total lack of information of royal love affairs
derived not only from church demands for discretion. Illiteracy reigned just as
surely as the monarchs themselves, monarchs who were for the most part unable
to sign their names.

Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION
ONE
SEX WITH THE KING
TWO
BEYOND THE BED—THE ART OF PLEASING A KING
THREE
RIVALS FOR A KING’S LOVE—THE MISTRESS AND THE QUEEN
FOUR
CUCKOLD TO THE KING—THE MISTRESS’S HUSBAND
FIVE
UNCEASING VIGILANCE—THE PRICE OF SUCCESS
SIX
LOVING PROFITABLY—THE WAGES OF SIN
SEVEN
POLITICAL POWER BETWEEN THE SHEETS
EIGHT
RED WHORES OF BABYLON—PUBLIC OPINION AND THE MISTRESS
NINE
THE FRUITS OF SIN—ROYAL BASTARDS
TEN
DEATH OF THE KING
ELEVEN
THE END OF A BRILLIANT CAREER AND BEYOND
TWELVE
MONARCHS, MISTRESSES, AND MARRIAGE
NOTES
BIBLIOGRAPHY
SEARCHABLE TERMS
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
CREDITS
COPYRIGHT
ABOUT THE PUBLISHER


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