Traditional Medicine

A global perspective

Edited by Steven B Kayne BSc, PhD, MBA, LLM, MSc, DAgVetPharm, FRPharmS, FCPP, FIPharmM, FFHom, MPS(NZ), FNZCP

Honorary Consultant Pharmacist, Glasgow Homeopathic Hospital; Honorary Lecturer, University of Strathclyde School of Pharmacy, Glasgow, UK
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Book Details
 347 p
 File Size 
 File Type
 PDF format
 978 0 85369 833 3
 Pharmaceutical Press 2010 

About the Editor
Steven Kayne practised as a Community Pharmacist in Glasgow for more
than 30 years before retiring from active practice in 1999. He is currently
Honorary Consultant Pharmacist at Glasgow Homeopathic Hospital and
Honorary Lecturer in CAM at the University of Strathclyde School of Pharmacy.

Dr Kayne was a member of the UK Advisory Board on the Registration of
Homeopathic Products from its formation in 1994 until he retired in 2008,
and currently serves on two other UK Government Expert Advisory Bodies:
the Herbal Medicines Advisory Committee and the Veterinary Products
Committee. He has also acted as an advisor to the WHO Collaborating
Centre for Traditional Medicine.

As well as authoring, editing and contributing chapters to many books,
Dr Kayne has written numerous papers and journal articles on a variety of
topics associated with health care and has presented at conferences as an
invited speaker on four continents. He is a member of the editorial advisory
board of several journals, lectures to undergraduate and postgraduate
students and acts as an Examiner, in the UK and overseas.

My good friend, Dr Gill Scott, and I were sitting in the gardens of the
Mount Nelson Hotel (affectionately known as ‘The Nellie’) in Cape Town
discussing Traditional African Medicine. We both thought that it would be
good to bring descriptions of a representative number of traditional medical
systems together in one text, aimed at academics, students and interested
members of the public. I was delighted when Gill immediately agreed to
contribute a chapter.
Over one-third of the population in developing countries lack access to
essential medicines. Countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America use traditional
medicine to help meet some of their primary health care needs. In
Africa, up to 80% of the population uses traditional medicine for primary
health care. The provision of safe and effective Traditional Medicine
Therapies could become a critical tool to increase access to health care.
Migration, both within countries and across continents, means that host
communities, in particular health care providers working in multicultural
environments, may well come into contact with unfamiliar practices. A
compact yet wide ranging source of knowledge such as that provided in this
book will help them understand the basics of medical systems that are being
used by patients, often concurrently with western medicine. However,
health care providers need more than just knowledge, for it is necessary to
understand and effectively interact with people across cultures. In short,
there is a need to develop cultural competence. With this in mind a method
by which orthodox health care providers can approach patients using their
traditional practices in a sympathetic manner is introduced in Chapter 3.
Although it specifically refers to North American aboriginal medicine it can
be adapted to other health care environments.
This book covers medical systems practised on five continents, chosen to
offer readers an awareness of different approaches to health care around the
world. For example, Traditional Chinese Medicine and Ayurvedic medicine,
two complete health systems that form the basis of almost all Asian medicine,
are covered in detail, using material derived from both observation and
published literature. Medicine from the Amazonian region of Colombia is
presented through a series of fascinating interviews with local healers that
emphasises the importance of ritualistic practice. In the African chapter the
importance of using indigenous plants as remedies and the involvement of
WHO are highlighted. Chapters on Japanese, Korean and Traditional
Medicine in the Pacific provide an insight into the way other cultures have
contributed to the development of their health care practices. Two chapters
on folk medicine are also included: one covers the history and practice of
secular and ecclesiastical practices with their origins across the continent of
Europe, while the other seeks to demonstrate the wide ranging influence
that a global religion can have on the health care of its believers.
I am grateful to my colleagues around the world for their generous
Steven Kayne
September 2009

Table of Contents
Preface vii
About the editor ix
Contributors x
1 Introduction to traditional medicine 1
Steven Kayne
2 Traditional European folk medicine 25
Owen Davies
3 Aboriginal/traditional medicine in North America:
a practical approach for practitioners 44
John K Crellin
4 Traditional medicine used by ethnic groups in the
Colombian Amazon tropical forest, South America 65
Blanca Margarita Vargas de Corredor and
Ann Mitchell (Simpson)
5 Traditional medical practice in Africa 82
Gillian Scott
6 Traditional Chinese medicine 119
Steven Kayne and Tony Booker
7 Indian ayurvedic medicine 195
Steven Kayne
8 Japanese kampo medicine 225
Haruki Yamada
9 Korean medicine 257
Seon Ho Kim, Bong-Hyun Kim and Il-Moo Chang
10 Traditional medicines in the Pacific 270
Rosemary Beresford
11 Traditional Jewish medicine 293
Kenneth Collins
Index 317

Published by the Pharmaceutical Press
An imprint of RPS Publishing
1 Lambeth High Street, London SE1 7JN, UK
100 South Atkinson Road, Suite 200, Grayslake, IL 60030–7820, USA

First published 2010

Typeset by New Leaf Design, Scarborough, North Yorkshire
Printed in Great Britain by TJ International, Padstow, Cornwall
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