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Wiley Blackwell Student Dictionary of Human Evolution

Wiley Blackwell Student Dictionary of Human Evolution

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Edited by
Bernard Wood
The George Washington University

Executive Editor
Amanda Henry
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology

Editorial Assistant
Kevin Hatala
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology


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Book Details
 Price
 3.00
 Pages
 471 p
 File Size 
 2,546 KB
 File Type
 PDF format
 ISBN
 -
 Copyright©   
 2015 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 

Preface and Acknowledgments
Not long ago the only information a student needed in order to do well in a course about
human evolution was an appreciation of general evolutionary principles, a familiarity with a
relatively sparse fossil record and its context, and knowledge of a few simple analytical methods.
But times have changed. The fossil record has grown exponentially, imaging techniques
allow researchers to capture previously unavailable gross morphological and microstructural
evidence in previously unimaginable quantities, analytical methods have burgeoned in scope
and complexity, phylogeny reconstruction is more sophisticated, molecular biology has revolutionized
our understanding of genetics, evolutionary history, modern human variation, and
development, and a host of different advances in biology, chemistry, earth sciences, and physics
have enriched evidence about the biotic, climatic, and temporal context of the hominin
fossil record. In short, the fossil evidence and the range of methods used to study human evolution
have grown by several orders of magnitude in the past six decades. Yet there is no single
reference source where students can go to find out about topics as diverse as sagittal crest,
Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Saint-C├ęsaire, sampling with replacement, the Sangiran Dome,
sapropel, savanna, and satellite imagery.

The Wiley Blackwell Student Dictionary of Human Evolution is based on the principles that
were used to determine the content of the Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Human Evolution,
but the layout and content are deliberately different and new. We used our combined student
and teaching experience to cull the entries in the Encyclopedia, select the ones most relevant to
students, and then rewrite them with an emphasis on explaining the relevance of each entry to
studies of human evolution. We are indebted to all the editors and contributors who were
involved in the assembly of the Encyclopedia, for without that as a template, our task would
have been much more difficult.

Kelvin Matthews at Wiley Blackwell, and Nik Prowse, our freelance copy editor and project
manager, made substantial and important contributions to any success this student dictionary
enjoys. We are also grateful to those who helped us improve the text. Laurel Poolman, a George
Washington University undergraduate archeology major, read through an early draft and
alerted us to topics we needed to explain more clearly or where we needed to do a better job of
explaining why they were included in the Dictionary. After BW and AH responded to these
suggestions the revised text was read in its entirety by two students in George Washington
University’s hominid paleobiology graduate program, Kevin Hatala and Laura Reyes. Their
comments were invaluable, in terms of both catching errors and making many constructive
suggestions for improvement. Charlotte Krohn’s help with the final stages of preparing
the manuscript is greatly appreciated. However, despite the best efforts of Laurel, Kevin, and
Laura, in a project like this errors will have been made. If you see one, please contact us
(bernardawood@gmail.com, amanda_henry@eva.mpg.de) and we will make sure it is corrected in later editions.
Bernard Wood
Amanda Henry
July 2014

Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Human Evolution
This comprehensive A to Z encyclopedia provides extensive coverage of important scientific
terms related to improving our understanding of how we evolved. Specifically, the 5,000 entries
cover evidence and methods used to investigate the relationships among the living great apes,
evidence about what makes the behavior of modern humans distinctive, and evidence about
the evolutionary history of that distinctiveness, as well as information about modern methods
used to trace the recent evolutionary history of modern human populations. This text provides
a resource for everyone involved in the study of human evolution.

Visit the companion site www.woodhumanevolution.com to browse additional references
and updates from this comprehensive encyclopedia.


Table of Contents
Preface and Acknowledgments vi
Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Human Evolution viii
Hominin Fossil Abbreviations ix
A................................................................. 1
B............................................................... 27
C............................................................... 47
D............................................................... 86
E............................................................. 103
F............................................................. 124
G............................................................. 144
H............................................................ 166
I.............................................................. 200
J.............................................................. 209
K............................................................. 212
L............................................................. 227
M............................................................ 249
N............................................................. 288
O............................................................ 300
P............................................................. 318
Q............................................................. 364
R............................................................. 366
S.............................................................. 380
T............................................................. 419
U............................................................. 442
V............................................................. 447
W............................................................ 453
X............................................................. 458
Y............................................................. 459
Z............................................................. 460

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This edition first published 2015 © 2015 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

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