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Underexploited Spice Crops

Underexploited Spice Crops

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Innovations in Horticultural Science

Present status, agrotechnology, and future research directions

Amit Baran Sharangi, PhD
Pemba H. Bhutia
Akkabathula Chandini Raj
Majjiga Sreenivas

1. Spice plants. 2. Spices.
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Book Details
 Price
 4.00
 Pages
 357 p
 File Size 
 5,318 KB
 File Type
 PDF format
 ISBN
 978-1-77188-697-0 (hardcover)
 978-1-351-13646-4 (PDF)
 Copyright©   
 2019 by Apple Academic Press, Inc 

About the Authors
Amit Baran Sharangi, PhD, is Professorin Horticultural Science and Head of the
Department of Spices and Plantation Crops in the Faculty of Horticulture at
Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya (Agricultural University), India. He has
been teaching for twenty years and was instrumental in the process of coconut
improvement leading to the release of a variety Kalpa Mitra from the Central
Plantation Crops Research Institute. He spent time at several laboratories around
the world, including the laboratories of Professor Cousen in Melbourne,
Australia; Professor Picha in the USA; and Dr. Dobson in the UK. He has
published about 65 research papers in peer-reviewed journals, 60 conference
papers, and 16 books with reputed publishers including Springer
Nature. He has also published chapters in books published from Springer,
CRC Press, Nova Science Publishers, and others. One of his papers was
ranked among the top 25 articles in ScienceDirect. Presently he is associated
with 40 international and national journals in a variety of roles,
including editor-in-chief, regional editor, technical editor, editorial board
member, and reviewer.
Professor Sharangi has visited abroad extensively on academic
missions and has received several international awards, such as the
Endeavour Postdoctoral Award (Australia), INSA-RSE (Indian National
Science Academy) Visiting Scientist Fellowship (UK), Fulbright Visiting
Faculty Fellowship (USA), Achiever’s Award (Society for Advancement
of Human and Nature, Man of the Year—2015 (Cambridge, UK),
Outstanding Scientist, Higher Education Leadership Award (Venus
International Foundation), etc. He has delivered invited lectures in the
UK, USA, Australia, Thailand, Israel, and Bangladesh on several aspects
of herbs and spices. Professor Sharangi is associated with a number of

Pemba Hissay Bhutia is pursuing his PhD in Horticulture (spices and plantation crops)
at Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia, West Bengal, India. He
has qualified for the ICAR-NET examination in spices, plantation, and medicinal and
aromatic plants in 2015. He completed his postgraduate studies in spices and plantation
crops from Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia, India.

Akkabathula Chandini Raj is presently continuing her PhD program at Bidhan
Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, West Bengal, India. She completed her BSc
(Hons) in Horticulture at the Horticulture College and Research Station, Dr. Y. S.
R. Horticultural University, Venkataramannagudem in 2012. She pursued her
postgraduate degree from Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, West
Bengal, in spices and plantation crops during 2012–2014, where she stood first in her class
She has been awarded a Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship for her research
work and has qualified for the ICAR-NET (Indian Council of Agricultural
Research) in spices, plantation, medicinal, and aromatic plants in 2015
and is one among the ten students who appeared for ARS Viva-voce of
Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board (ASRB) in the same year. She
earned her postgraduate degree in spices and plantation crops.

Majjiga Sreenivas is now pursuing a PhD in spices and plantation crops at Bidhan
Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, West Bengal, India, and is engaged as
a Senior Research Fellow on a project associated with his research. He graduated
with BSc (Hons.) in Horticulture from the College of Horticulture, Dr. Y. S. R.
Horticultural University, Mojerla, Telangana state in 2012. He completed postgraduate
studies at the Horticulture College and Research Institute, Venkataramannagudem
in Plantation Spices Medicinal
and Aromatic crops in 2014. He qualified for ICAR-NET (Indian Council
of Agricultural Research) in spices, plantation, medicinal, and aromatic
plants in 2015. He completed his postgraduate program at the Horticulture
College and Research Institute, Venkataramannagudem, India, in plantation
spices medicinal and aromatic crops.

Introduction
In the Middle Ages, usage of spices at a meal was one of the determining
index of the social status of a family. The extent and variety of aroma, taste
and color provided by the spices adorning a lunch or dinner plate were
indicative of wealth. Beyond being cooking ingredients, spices were also
regarded for their magical medicinal remedies and protective action.
During the Middle Ages, Arab merchants dominated the spice trade
with huge commercial shipments that moved from South and Southeast
Asia to Europe. It is an age-old matter of debate to mark the exact beginning
of the Modern Age, and many people count the event of Vasco da Gama’s
Portuguese expedition to find the Spice Islands to be the beginning of the
same. This is because of all the excitement and thrill of having a direct
trade route to Asia where Europeans encountered thriving commerce and
where ‘cosmopolitan’ intellectuals were driven by an intense desire to
control the spice trade. The Europeans ultimately colonized the world that
irrevocablly changed the world spice trade map by their global exploration.
The phytochemicals in spices protect the human body from a wide
array of diseases. Spices, especially the so-called underutilized ones, are
well adapted to existing and adverse environmental conditions and generally
resistant to pests and diseases. Furthermore, these crops have long
been a traditional part of cropping systems. Their cultivation, utilization,
and acceptability should not be a real problem.
This book comprises 24 underutilized spice crops with fundamental
and practical aspects of qualitative production. Comprehensive information
has been given about the composition and potential utilization of
different underutilized crops. Discussing the fascinating profile of underutilized
spice crops and their potential for supplementing the major ones,
Underexploited Spice Crops provides a roadmap for understanding the
broad sweep of agricultural, botanical, pharmacological, sociological, and
policy issues that intermingle and intertwine.
Meticulously elucidated with numerous references, this book essentially
explores key technologies, including agronomy, horticulture, postharvest
technologies, biotechnology, biochemistry, economics, and sociology of
minor spices. With so much exhaustive information scattered throughout
the literature, it is often difficult to make sense of what is rational and what
really or apparently has no scientific credibility. This book also provides
the historical perspective of traditional herbs and spices on which to anchor
the information and outlines the strengths and constraints of the different
underutilized spices to transform them into utilizable ones.


Table of Contents

About the Authors.................................................................................... vii
Innovations in Horticultural Science........................................................ xi
Books in the Series.................................................................................. xiii
List of Acronyms........................................................................................xv
Foreword.................................................................................................xvii
Preface.....................................................................................................xix
Introduction..............................................................................................xxi
1. Underexploited Spice Crops: Introduction, Significance, and Uses........ 1
2. Underexploited Spice Crops: Scenario and Present Status................... 53
3. Underexploited Spice Crops: Agrotechniques............................................ 73
4. Recent Approaches on Improved Production Technologies of
Underexploited Spices Around the World................................................. 195
5. Underexploited Spice Crops: Future Thrust Areas and
Research Directions................................................................................. 267
References......................................................................................................... 275
Index.................................................................................................................. 311


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