-->
Navigation
The Ancient Hebrew Lexicon of the Bible

The Ancient Hebrew Lexicon of the Bible

Now pay Easier and Secure using Paypal
Price:

Read more

- Hebrew Letters, Words and Roots Defined Within Their Ancient Cultural Context -

Jeff A. Benner


www.e-books.vip
Purchase Now !
Just with Paypal



Book Details
 Price
 3.00
 Pages
 616 p
 File Size 
 4,587 KB
 File Type
 PDF format
 ISBN
 -    
 Copyright©   
 2005 Jeff A. Benner   

Introduction
Purpose of the Lexicon
In order to demonstrate the need for an Ancient Hebrew lexicon let us examine the
word  (halel), how it is written and what it means.

The written word
The Hebrew word , as it appears here, in Hebrew dictionaries and in Hebrew
Bibles, is written with the Modern Hebrew script. But where did the Modern Hebrew
script come from? Hebrew was originally written with a pictographic script similar to
Egyptian Hieroglyphs but, when Israel was taken into captivity in Babylon they
adopted the Aramaic script of the region and used it to write Hebrew. The Modern
Hebrew script used today is in fact Aramaic in origin, not Hebrew.

The word meaning
According to Hebrew dictionaries and lexicons the word  is translated as "praise".
The Ancient Hebrew language is a concrete oriented language meaning that the
meaning of Hebrew words are rooted in something that can be sensed by the five senses
such as a tree which can be seen, sweet which can be tasted and noise which can be
heard. Abstract concepts such as "praise" have no foundation in the concrete and are a
product of ancient Greek philosophy.

Where is the Hebrew?
If the word  is written with the Aramaic script and the definition "praise" is from
the Greek, where is the Hebrew in this word? The purpose of the "Ancient Hebrew
Lexicon of the Bible" is to restore the original Hebrew to the Hebrew language of the Bible.

The original Hebrew
The word  would have been written as  in the Early Hebrew script (over 3200
years ago) or as  in the Middle Hebrew script (between 3200 and 2500 years ago).
The original pictographic letters of the parent root  is a man with his arms raised
"looking" at something spectacular and a shepherd staff that is used to move the flock

"toward" a place. When these are combined the idea of "looking toward" something is
represented. The original meaning of  is the North Star, a bright light in the night
sky that is "looked toward" to guide one on the journey.
If we are going to read the Bible correctly it must be through the perspective of the
Ancient Hebrews who wrote it, not from a Modern Aramaic or Greek perspective. The
word  in its original concrete meaning is a bright light that guides the journey and
we "praise" Yah by looking at him to guide us on our journey through life.


Table of Contents
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ......................................................................................... 4
INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................... 9
PURPOSE OF THE LEXICON ....................................................................................... 9
The written word ................................................................................................. 9
The word meaning ............................................................................................... 9
Where is the Hebrew? ......................................................................................... 9
The original Hebrew ........................................................................................... 9
PERSPECTIVE OF THE LEXICON ............................................................................... 10
WEBSITE ............................................................................................................... 11
ANCIENT HEBREW THOUGHT ......................................................................... 12
ABSTRACT AND CONCRETE .................................................................................... 12
APPEARANCE AND FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTIONS ...................................................... 13
STATIC AND DYNAMIC ........................................................................................... 14
THE ANCIENT HEBREW ALPHABET............................................................... 15
EVOLUTION OF THE HEBREW ALPHABET ................................................................ 15
THE AYIN AND GHAH ............................................................................................ 17
One Word - Two Meanings ................................................................................ 17
Greek Transliterations of the Ghah .................................................................... 18
Impact on Ancient Hebrew Studies ..................................................................... 18
THE SAMECH, SHIN AND SIN .................................................................................. 19
RECONSTRUCTION OF THE ORIGINAL HEBREW ALPHABET ....................................... 19
Letter Characteristics ........................................................................................ 20
THE RECONSTRUCTED ALPHABET ................................................................ 21
AL ........................................................................................................................ 21
BET ....................................................................................................................... 22
GAM ..................................................................................................................... 23
DAL ...................................................................................................................... 23
HEY ...................................................................................................................... 24
WAW .................................................................................................................... 24
ZAN ...................................................................................................................... 25
HHETS ................................................................................................................... 26
THET ..................................................................................................................... 26
YAD ...................................................................................................................... 27
KAPH .................................................................................................................... 27
LAM ...................................................................................................................... 28
MAH ..................................................................................................................... 28
NUN ...................................................................................................................... 29
SIN ........................................................................................................................ 29
AYIN ..................................................................................................................... 30
PEY ....................................................................................................................... 30
TSAD..................................................................................................................... 31
QUPH .................................................................................................................... 31
RESH ..................................................................................................................... 32
SHIN ..................................................................................................................... 32
TAW...................................................................................................................... 33
GHAH .................................................................................................................... 33
HEBREW ALPHABET CHART ................................................................................... 34
THE HEBREW ROOT SYSTEM .......................................................................... 35
PARENT ROOTS...................................................................................................... 35
CHILD ROOTS ........................................................................................................ 35
ADOPTED ROOTS ................................................................................................... 36
RECONSTRUCTION OF ROOTS ................................................................................. 37
THE HEBREW LANGUAGE ................................................................................ 38
VERBS ................................................................................................................... 38
Person .............................................................................................................. 38
Number ............................................................................................................. 38
Gender .............................................................................................................. 38
Tense ................................................................................................................ 38
Voice................................................................................................................. 39
Mood ................................................................................................................ 39
Verb Conjugations ............................................................................................ 39
NOUNS .................................................................................................................. 40
Noun Derivatives............................................................................................... 40
Feminine Derivatives ........................................................................................ 40
Combination Derivatives ................................................................................... 40
Plural Nouns ..................................................................................................... 40
Grammatical Tools ............................................................................................ 41
DETERMINING THE ORIGINAL MEANING OF HEBREW WORDS .................................... 41
LETTER EVOLUTION .............................................................................................. 42
ANCIENT HEBREW PRONUNCIATION ....................................................................... 43
Spirants and Stops ............................................................................................. 43
Vowels .............................................................................................................. 43
Syllables............................................................................................................ 43
Masoretic Vowels .............................................................................................. 44
Transliterations ................................................................................................. 45
LEXICON FORMAT ............................................................................................. 46
PARENT AND ADOPTED ROOT FORMAT ................................................................... 46
CHILD ROOT FORMAT ............................................................................................ 47
WORD FORMAT ..................................................................................................... 48
THE LEXICON ...................................................................................................... 50
PARENT AND CHILD ROOTS .................................................................................... 51
Al ...................................................................................................................... 51
Bet .................................................................................................................... 63
Gam .................................................................................................................. 78
Dal.................................................................................................................... 89
Hey ................................................................................................................. 101
Waw ................................................................................................................ 108
Zan ................................................................................................................. 110
Hhets .............................................................................................................. 118
Thet ................................................................................................................ 135
Yad ................................................................................................................. 141
Kaph ............................................................................................................... 145
Lam ................................................................................................................ 156
Mah ................................................................................................................ 166
Nun ................................................................................................................. 180
Sin .................................................................................................................. 194
Ayin ................................................................................................................ 207
Pey.................................................................................................................. 219
Tsad ................................................................................................................ 230
Quph ............................................................................................................... 242
Resh ................................................................................................................ 254
Shin ................................................................................................................ 272
Taw ................................................................................................................. 290
Ghah ............................................................................................................... 297
ADOPTED ROOTS (THREE LETTER) ....................................................................... 302
Al .................................................................................................................... 302
Bet .................................................................................................................. 304
Gam ................................................................................................................ 313
Dal.................................................................................................................. 321
Zan ................................................................................................................. 325
Hhets .............................................................................................................. 330
Thet ................................................................................................................ 349
Kaph ............................................................................................................... 352
Lam ................................................................................................................ 362
Mah ................................................................................................................ 367
Nun ................................................................................................................. 374
Sin .................................................................................................................. 389
Ayin ................................................................................................................ 400
Pey.................................................................................................................. 414
Tsad ................................................................................................................ 425
Quph ............................................................................................................... 432
Resh ................................................................................................................ 441
Shin ................................................................................................................ 452
Taw ................................................................................................................. 470
Ghah ............................................................................................................... 473
ADOPTED ROOTS (FOUR LETTER) ......................................................................... 475
FOREIGN WORDS ................................................................................................. 482
INDEXES .............................................................................................................. 484
ENGLISH DEFINITIONS ......................................................................................... 484
KING JAMES TRANSLATION .................................................................................. 506
STRONG'S NUMBER .............................................................................................. 556
ALTERNATIVE SPELLINGS .................................................................................... 578
NOTES .................................................................................................................. 613


Bookscreen
www.e-books.vip

Website
The Ancient Hebrew Lexicon of the Bible has its own website with additional material
and information such as verb charts, listing of Biblical Hebrew words in order of their
frequency, common Hebrew roots and updates to the lexicon and much more. The
author is also available for questions, comments and requests.

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon of the Bible website

0