Ancient Medicine, Second Edition

by Vivian Nutton

The first edition of Ancient Medicine was the most complete examination of
the medicine of the ancient world for a hundred years. This new edition
includes the key discoveries made since the first edition, especially from
important texts discovered in recent finds of papyri and manuscripts, making
it the most comprehensive and up-to-date survey available.
Vivian Nutton pays particular attention to the life and work of doctors in
communities, links between medicine and magic, and examines the different
approaches to medicine across the ancient world. The new edition includes
more on Rufus and Galen as well as augmented information on Babylonia,
Hellenistic medicine and Late Antiquity.
With recently discovered texts made accessible for the first time, and
providing new evidence, this broad exploration challenges currently held perspectives,
and proves an invaluable resource for students of both classics and
the history of medicine.

Vivian Nutton, FBA, is Professor Emeritus of the History of Medicine at
University College London, and an honorary Professor in both Classics and
History at the University of Warwick. He has published extensively on all
aspects of medicine before the seventeenth century and, in particular, on
Galen and the Renaissance.
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Book Details
 505 p
 File Size 
 12,081 KB
 File Type
 PDF format
 978-0-415-52094-2 (hbk) 
 978-0-415-52095-9 (pbk)
 978-0-203-08129-7 (ebk)
 2004, 2013 Vivian Nutton 

All quotations from Greek and Latin have been translated into English by
me, unless otherwise stated, and ancient titles have been given in English
through out. Ancient names have been generally given in their most familiar
form, without any attempt at total consistency between a Greek and a
Latinate spelling. I have often indicated also the modern name or general
location of an ancient place. The exact dates of many ancient writers are
rarely known, and only approximations are often possible. I have tried to be
consistent in indicating all dates BC, but I have added AD only to dates where
there might be confusion in the mind of the reader, especially in chapters that
crossed the boundaries between the Hellenistic and Roman worlds.
Two features in the notes should be mentioned here. Square brackets
around the name of an author, e.g. [Aristotle], indicate that the work cannot
be attributed with any degree of certainty (and usually with none) to that
author. Hence, for reasons made clear in the text, I refer to writings in the
Hippocratic Corpus always as by [Hippocrates].

Second, the two main blocks of ancient medical material are cited in
two different ways. All references to Hippocratic texts are with an English
title, their book and chapter heading, and the volume and page number
in the standard edition of Emile Littré (Paris: Baillière, 1839–61). By
contrast, in order to save space, I have cited Galen mainly by the volume
and page number in the standard edition of K. G. Kühn (Leipzig: K. H.
Knobloch, 1821–33), adding, where possible, the page number of an accessible
English version. Where necessary, I have occasionally referred also to
an improved text in a more recent edition, usually in the CMG series. Texts
not in Kühn have been cited by title, section and page in the relevant modern edition.

I have generally used standard editions of other ancient texts, indicating
where necessary the name of the editor. I have not provided full bibliographical
references to papyri, usually indicated by P., and to inscriptions,
e.g. I. Ephesos or Griechische Versinschriften. Those with Greek or Latin who
wish to check these documents in their originally published form should
consult the list of abbreviations in Liddell, H. G., Scott, R. and Jones, H. S.
(1968) A Greek–English Lexicon, ed. 9, with Supplement, Oxford: Oxford
University Press; and the revised Supplement (1996) ed. P. G. W. Glare,
Oxford: Clarendon Press; or in the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1968–82) Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Table of Contents
List of illustrations vii
Note to the reader ix
Acknowledgements xi
List of abbreviations xiii

1 Sources and scope 1
2 Patterns of disease 19
3 Before Hippocrates 37
4 Hippocrates, the Hippocratic Corpus and the defining of medicine 53
5 Hippocratic theories 72
6 Hippocratic practices 87
7 Religion and medicine in fifth- and fourth-century Greece 104
8 From Plato to Praxagoras 116
9 Alexandria, anatomy and experimentation 130
10 Hellenistic medicine 142
11 Rome and the transplantation of Greek medicine 160
12 The consequences of empire: pharmacology, surgery
and the Roman army 174
13 The rise of Methodism 191
14 Humoral alternatives 207
15 The life and career of Galen 222
16 Galenic medicine 236
17 All sorts and conditions of (mainly) men 254
18 Medicine and the religions of the Roman Empire 280
19 Medicine in the Later Roman Empire 299
20 Conclusion 318

Notes 325
Bibliography 418
Index of names 469
Index of topics 480


First published 2004
This second edition published 2013
by Routledge
2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN

Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada
by Routledge
711 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10017
Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business
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