The Psychology of Problem Solving

The Psychology of Problem Solving

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Book Details
 407 p 
 File Size 
 3,333 KB
 File Type
 PDF format
 978-0-511-06314-5 (NetLibrary)
  0-511-06314-8 (NetLibrary)
 Cambridge University Press 2003  


Miriam Bassok
University of Washington
Magda Campillo
Graduate School and University Center,
City University of New York
JanetE. Davidson
Lewis & Clark College
Randall W. Engle
Georgia Institute of Technology
K. Anders Ericsson
Florida State University
Peter A. Frensch
Humboldt-University at Berlin
Arthur C. Graesser
The University of Memphis
David Z. Hambrick
Michigan State University
Kenneth Kotovsky
Carnegie Mellon University
Todd I. Lubart
Universit´e Ren´e Descartes, Paris
Christophe Mouchiroud
Universit´e Ren´e Descartes, Paris
Adam J. Naples
Yale University
Jean E. Pretz
Yale University
University of Michigan
Ian Skurnik
University of Michigan
Keith E. Stanovich
University of Toronto
RobertJ. Sternberg
Yale University
DoritW enke
Humboldt-University at Berlin
Shannon Whitten
The University of Memphis
Barry J. Zimmerman
Graduate School and University Center,
City University of New York

The Psychology of Problem Solving
Problems are a central part of human life. The Psychology of Problem
Solving organizes in one volume much of what psychologists know
about problem solving and the factors that contribute to its success
or failure. There are chapters by leading experts in this field, including
Miriam Bassok, Randall Engle, Anders Ericsson, Arthur Graesser,
Norbert Schwarz, Keith Stanovich, and Barry Zimmerman.
The Psychology of Problem Solving is divided into four parts. Following
an introduction that reviews the nature of problems and the
history and methods of the field, Part II focuses on individual differences
in, and the influence of, the abilities and skills that humans bring
to problem situations. Part III examines motivational and emotional
states and cognitive strategies that influence problem-solving performance,
while Part IV summarizes and integrates the various views of
problem solving proposed in the preceding chapters.

Janet E. Davidson is Associate Professor of Psychology at Lewis &
Clark College. She conducts research on several aspects of problem
solving, including the roles that insight and metacognitive skills play
in problem solving.
Robert J. Sternberg is IBM Professor of Psychology and Education at
Yale University and Director of the Yale Center for the Psychology
of Abilities, Competencies and Expertise (PACE Center). Professor
Sternberg is Editor of Contemporary Psychology and past Editor of
Psychological Bulletin.
Together, Professors Davidson and Sternberg have edited two previous
books, Conceptions of Giftedness (Cambridge, 1986) and The Nature
of Insight (1995).

Table of Contents
Contributors page vii
Preface ix
part 1 introduction
1 Recognizing, Defining, and Representing Problems 3
Jean E. Pretz, Adam J. Naples, and Robert J. Sternberg
2 The Acquisition of Expert Performance as Problem
Solving: Construction and Modification of Mediating
Mechanisms through Deliberate Practice 31
K. Anders Ericsson
part 2 relevant abilities and skills
3 Is Success or Failure at Solving Complex Problems Related
to Intellectual Ability? 87
Dorit Wenke and Peter A. Frensch
4 Creativity: A Source of Difficulty in Problem Solving 127
Todd I. Lubart and Christophe Mouchiroud
5 Insights about Insightful Problem Solving 149
Janet E. Davidson
6 The Role ofWorking Memory in Problem Solving 176
David Z. Hambrickand Randall W. Engle
7 Comprehension of Text in Problem Solving 207
Shannon Whitten and Arthur C. Graesser
part 3  states and strategies
8 Motivating Self-Regulated Problem Solvers 233
Barry J. Zimmerman and Magda Campillo
9 Feeling and Thinking: Implications for Problem Solving 263
Norbert Schwarz and Ian Skurnik
10 The Fundamental Computational Biases of Human
Cognition: Heuristics That (Sometimes) Impair Decision
Making and Problem Solving 291
Keith E. Stanovich
11 Analogical Transfer in Problem Solving 343
Miriam Bassok
part 4 conclusions and integration
12 Problem Solving – Large/Small, Hard/Easy,
Conscious/Nonconscious, Problem-Space/Problem-Solver:
The Issue of Dichotomization 373
Kenneth Kotovsky
Index 385


This book is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provision of
relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place
without the written permission of Cambridge University Press.