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Psychology, Seventh Edition

Psychology, Seventh Edition

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Richard Gross

 The Science of Mind & Behaviour


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Book Details
 Price
 5.00
 Pages
 1001 p
 File Size 
 26,705 KB
 File Type
 PDF format
 ISBN
 978 1471 829734        
 Copyright©   
 Richard Gross 2015 

PREFACE
By the time this 7th edition of Psychology: The
Science of Mind and Behaviour is published, it will
be 28 years since the first edition appeared (and
30 years since the contract for that first edition
was signed!). Needless to say, much has changed
within Psychology in that time, and yet some of
the basic questions that researchers have been
exploring – and philosophers before them – are still being asked.
Despite the advent of e-books and the evolution
of electronic media in general, the task of the
textbook author has remained essentially the same.
Something that you, as a student having to write
essays, seminar papers, and dissertations, and I, as a
textbook author, have in common, is the challenge
of deciding what is best to include and exclude
within what are always finite resources – time,
money, words, and so on. Users of this book are
(mainly) students new to Psychology, who need to
know something of its past in order to appreciate
where it is now – and where it might be going in
the future. In order to make room for discussion of
recent developments, I have continued what was
started in the 6th edition, namely, to reduce the
amount of detail when describing the older (but
never redundant) material. Also, I’ve sometimes
sign-posted the reader to alternative sources of
material, rather than providing a cursory summary
of a particular study or theory.
One of the features new to the 6th edition, and
which has been retained in the 7th, is the ‘Meet
the Researcher’ feature. While these haven’t been
updated, in all cases their original contributions
remain as relevant and informative as they were
when they first appeared. As well as providing
additional material to what’s covered in the main
body of the textbook, what their contributions
show is that there’s always a ‘story’ behind a
theory or chosen research project. Research
doesn’t appear out of nowhere and what particular
Psychologists investigate isn’t a random event.
So, every time you read about a particular study,
psychological concept or construct, or full-blown
theory, remember that behind it are one or more
human beings, each with their ‘story’ of how they
came to be researching that topic rather than
some other area of Psychology.
For the first time in this book, I’ve chosen to
refer to the discipline of Psychology (and subdisciplines)
with an upper case ‘P’. This applies
also ‘Psychologists’. When used as an adjective
(‘psychological’), or when referring to what
Psychologists actually study (various aspects of
human and non-human psychology), a lower
case ‘p’ is used. This isn’t just a matter of stylistic
preference; distinguishing between ‘Psychology’
as a scientific discipline and ‘human psychology’
as what Psychologists investigate highlights the
unique nature of Psychology: it’s where people
study themselves as people, using the same human
abilities that they (often) are investigating. Even
more importantly, what Psychologists tell us
about ourselves may actually change us, i.e. our psychology.
Part of the appeal of previous editions was
that they catered for the needs of students on a
wide range of courses, without being written
specifically or exclusively for any one group. I
hope – and trust – that the same can be said of
this 7th edition. As before, please let me know
what you think of my efforts (via the publisher) –
it’s not just students who need feedback!
Richard Gross

GUIDED TOUR
Helps you to analyse, evaluate and
assess the validity of this scientific
information — a crucial component of
A level and undergraduate study.

Psychology is a research-driven field.
These updates let you see how scientific
explanations change in light of new
information, showing you ‘how
science works’.

Understanding the cultural context of
scientific findings helps you to explain and
evaluate a variety of methods and results
from different psychological studies.

With some key questions in mind
(if not always answers!) you will more
easily understand the major studies
and theories.

It can be hard to link theories to real life.
Case studies give you concrete examples
of people’s stories, and how they confirm or
challenge psychological research.

This feature explains the methods,
results and implications of some of
the more iconic or innovative work in Psychology.

There is a lot to take in for your exams
and essays. This feature will help you
revise, build up your knowledge of the key
points and how they fit together.

Helps you evaluate a particular theory
or piece of research by understanding its
connections with others.

Some of the top psychology researchers
in the world talk in a more personal
way about why they asked the questions
they did. The methods they used, and the
stories behind their research, will help you
explain and evaluate the impact of their
own and others’ work in this continually
developing science.

Table of Contents
Guided tour vi
Preface viii
PART 1: THE NATURE AND SCOPE OF PSYCHOLOGY
1 What is this thing called Psychology? 1
2 Theoretical approaches to Psychology 13
3 Psychology as a science 37
PART 2: THE BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF BEHAVIOUR AND EXPERIENCE
4 The nervous system 51
5 Sensory processes 74
6 Parapsychology 89
7 States of consciousness and bodily rhythms 105
8 Addictive behaviour 125
9 Motivation 143
10 Emotion 159
11 Learning and conditioning 175
12 Application: Health Psychology 190
Part 3: COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
13 Attention 217
14 Pattern recognition 234
15 Perception: Processes and theories 246
16 The development of perceptual abilities 264
17 Memory and forgetting 281
18 Language and thought 302
19 Language acquisition 314
20 Problem-solving, decision-making and artificial intelligence 329
21 Application: Cognition and the law 345
PART 4: SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
22 Social perception 363
23 Attribution 383
24 Attitudes and attitude change 394
25 Prejudice and discrimination 411
26 Conformity and group influence 431
27 Obedience 446
28 Interpersonal relationships 461
29 Aggression and antisocial behaviour 485
30 Altruism and prosocial behaviour 503
31 Application: The Social Psychology of sport 519
PART 5: DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
32 Early experience and social development 531
33 Development of the self-concept 554
34 Cognitive development 569
35 Moral development 589
36 Gender development 606
37 Adolescence 622
38 Adulthood 637
39 Old age 656
40 Application: Exceptional development 672
PART 6: INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
41 Intelligence 689
42 Personality 713
43 Psychological abnormality: definitions and classification 736
44 Psychopathology 755
45 Treatments and therapies 779
46 Application: Criminological psychology 804
PART 7: ISSUES AND DEBATES
47 Bias in psychological theory and research 824
48 Ethical issues in psychology 837
49 Free will and determinism, and reductionism 855
50 Nature and nurture 870
Acknowledgements 884
References 887
Index 961


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First published in 2015
by Hodder Education
An Hachette UK Company
338 Euston Road, London NW1 3BH
Impression number 5 4 3 2 1
Year 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015

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