Psychology A Self Teaching Guide

Psychology A Self Teaching Guide

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Frank J. Bruno, Ph.D.

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Book Details
 289 p
 File Size 
 2,108 KB
 File Type
 PDF format
 2002 by Frank J. Bruno  

To help you learn psychology on your own, Psychology: A Self-Teaching Guide
employs the following distinctive features:
• Each chapter begins with a five-question true-or-false preview quiz; answers can
be found near the end of a given chapter.
• Immediately following the quiz there is a short list of chapter objectives.
• Following each section there are one or several questions pertaining to the
material in the section. The questions are of the fill-in-the-blank variety.
Answers are provided immediately following the questions.
• A ten-question multiple-choice self-test appears toward the end of each chapter.
Answers to the self-test immediately follow.
• A list of key terms appears at the end of each chapter.

How Do You Use the Book?
I hope that you will use the book by being an active, not a passive, learner. You
can accomplish this by following a step-by-step process for each chapter:
1. Take the five-question true-or-false quiz. Even if you don’t know an answer,
make a guess. This will get you involved in the material. Turn to the answer
key at the end of the chapter. Score the test. You should, of course, be pleased
if you get four or five questions correct. On the other hand, don’t be concerned
if you only get two or three correct. Obviously, you haven’t studied
the material yet. The purpose of the quiz is to break the ice, verify what you
already know, and give you a preview of what is to come in the chapter.
2. Review the chapter objectives. Their aim is to give you some idea of what
you need to pay attention to in the chapter. The objectives help to give your
study focus and direct you to what is of particular importance in the chapter.
3. Read each section and pay particular attention to the emphasized terms and their meanings.
4. Respond to the fill-in-the-blank sentences at the end of each section before
moving on to the next one. Attempt the answers through the use of mental
recall. It is a good idea to actually write down, not just think about, your
answers. If necessary, cover the answers at the bottom of the questions. Then
check your responses against the answers provided. Look back at the relevant
section if there is anything you don’t understand.
5. Take the ten-question multiple-choice test at the end of the chapter. If you’re
not sure of an answer, take a guess. Your guess is likely to be an educated, not
a random, guess. After all, you have been studying the material. On most college
multiple-choice tests there is no penalty for guessing. Only correct
answers are scored, and nothing is taken away for missing a question.
6. Score the test using the answers that immediately follow it. On an absolute
scale, a score of 10 or 9 correct equals an A. A score of 8 correct equals a B.
A score of 7 correct equals a C. A score of 6 correct equals a D. A score of 5
correct equals an F. Refer back to the material associated with questions you
missed, and evaluate why you made an error.
7. Review the key terms at the end of the chapter. The terms are listed in alphabetical
order. Look up any terms you don’t recognize or that have little meaning for you.
I believe that you will find psychology to be an interesting subject. Also, you
will discover that it has relevance in terms of everyday life. I have made every
effort to write a book that will make it possible for you to readily grasp psychology’s
key concepts. I hope you find the process of learning more about behavior
a meaningful and valuable experience.
A number of people have helped me make Psychology: A Self-Teaching Guide a
reality. My thanks are expressed to:
Jeff Golick, editor at John Wiley & Sons, for recognizing the merits of the book.
Mark Steven Long for carefully supervising production.
Karen Fraley for excellent copy editing.
Bert Holtje, agent with James Peter Associates, for his confidence in my ability.
Gene Brissie, agent with James Peter Associates, for his support and assistance.
Jeanne, my wife, for our many meaningful discussions about human behavior.
Franklin, my son, for our frequent conversations about words, language, and meaning.
Josephine Bruno, my mother, for listening to my ideas.
George K. Zaharopoulos, a true teaching colleague, for his steadfast encouragement
of my writing projects.
David W. Yang for his help in preparing the manuscript.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
1 Introduction: The Foundations of Psychology 1
2 Research Methods in Psychology: Gathering Data 17
3 The Biology of Behavior: Is the Brain the Organ
of Mental Life? 30
4 Sensation: Studying the Gateways of Experience 45
5 Perception:Why Do Things Look the Way
They Do? 57
6 Learning: Understanding Acquired Behavior 72
7 Motivation:Why Do We Do What We Do? 90
8 Emotions: Riding Life’s Roller Coaster 107
9 Thinking: Exploring Mental Life 120
10 Intelligence: In Pursuit of Rational Thought and
Effective Action 136
11 Developmental Psychology: How Children
Become Adults 153
12 Sex and Love: Are You in the Mood? 174
13 Personality: Psychological Factors That Make
You an Individual 191
14 Abnormal Psychology: Exploring Mental Disorders 212
15 Therapy: Helping Troubled People 231
16 Social Psychology: Interacting with Other People 247
Index 263