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Photoshop® CS5 All-in-One For Dummies®

Photoshop® CS5 All-in-One For Dummies®

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by Barbara Obermeier

9 BOOK IN 1

IN FULL COLOR!

• Photoshop Fundamentals
• Image Essentials
• Selections
• Painting, Drawing, and Typing
• Working with Layers
• Channels and Masks
• Filters and Distortions
• Retouching and Restoration
• Photoshop and Print

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Book Details
 Price
 5.00
 Pages
 778 p
 File Size 
 36,294 KB
 File Type
 PDF format
 ISBN
 978-0-470-60821-0
 Copyright©   
 2010 by Wiley Publishing, Inc 

About the Author
Barbara Obermeier is principal of Obermeier Design, a graphic design studio
in Ventura, California. She’s the author or co-author of over 19 publications,
including Photoshop Elements 8 For Dummies, How-to-Wow with Illustrator, and
Digital Photography Just the Steps For Dummies, 2nd Edition. Barb also teaches
graphic design at Brooks Institute.

Introduction
There’s a reason why Photoshop is the world’s industry standard in
image-editing software. The depth and breadth of the program is unparalleled.
Photoshop immediately sucks you in with its easy-to-use interface
and powerful tools and commands. It’s so feature rich that you soon begin
to lose track of time and start blowing off your commitments just to try one
more thing. And just when you think you’ve finally explored every nook and
cranny and mastered the program, you suddenly read a tip in a book or
magazine that enlightens you about something you didn’t know. Or even
more likely, you stumble upon some great effect while working on a latenight
project. That’s the beauty of Photoshop. It’s the program that just keeps giving.

The depth and breadth of Photoshop has downsides, too, of course. You
must make a major time commitment and invest much effort to master it —
hence the large number of books written on the program. Walk into your
neighborhood bookstore or type Photoshop in the Search field at any
online bookseller’s site, and you see a barrage of choices. Some books are
general reference books, some are targeted toward the novice user, and others
focus on a specific mission, such as color management or restoration and retouching.

Table of Contents
Introduction ................................................................. 1
About This Book ..............................................................................................1
What’s in This Book ........................................................................................2
Book I: Photoshop Fundamentals ........................................................2
Book II: Image Essentials .......................................................................3
Book III: Selections .................................................................................3
Book IV: Painting, Drawing, and Typing ..............................................3
Book V: Working with Layers ...............................................................3
Book VI: Channels and Masks ..............................................................4
Book VII: Filters and Distortions ..........................................................4
Book VIII: Retouching and Restoration ...............................................4
Book IX: Photoshop and Print ..............................................................5
About the Web Site ................................................................................5
Conventions Used in This Book .....................................................................5
Icons Used in This Book .................................................................................6
Book I: Photoshop Fundamentals
Chapter 1: Examining the Photoshop Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Launching Photoshop and Customizing the Desktop .................................9
Setting display settings with the Window menu ..............................11
Setting up the status bar .....................................................................12
Playing with Panels .......................................................................................14
Working with Your First Photoshop File ....................................................16
Opening, printing, and saving fi les ....................................................17
Making selections ................................................................................17
Making simple image edits .................................................................17
Adjusting size, color, and contrast ....................................................18
Creating layers .....................................................................................19
Applying fi lters .....................................................................................20
Unifying with the Application bar ......................................................21
Simplifying your edits with the Options bar ....................................22
Viewing and navigating the image .....................................................24
Introducing Adobe ConnectNow........................................................25
Chapter 2: Getting to Know the Tools Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Turning On the Tools Panel .........................................................................27
Selecting tools ......................................................................................27
Getting to know your tools .................................................................29
Introducing the Photoshop Tools ...............................................................30
Using selection tools ...........................................................................30
Creating and modifying paths ............................................................30
Using painting tools .............................................................................32
Using tools for cloning and healing ...................................................32
Creating effects with typographical tools.........................................33
Using focus and toning tools ..............................................................34
Creating shapes ....................................................................................34
Viewing, navigating, sampling, and annotating tools ......................35
Using tools for the Web .......................................................................36
Saving Time with Tool Presets ....................................................................36
Creating custom tool presets .............................................................36
Managing your presets ........................................................................37
Chapter 3: Starting, Finishing, and Getting It on Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Browsing for Files ..........................................................................................39
Opening an Image ..........................................................................................40
Opening special fi les ............................................................................42
Opening as a Smart Object .................................................................43
Placing Files ....................................................................................................43
Creating a New Image ....................................................................................45
Saving a File ....................................................................................................48
Closing and Quitting ......................................................................................50
Getting It on Paper .........................................................................................51
Taking a look at printers .....................................................................51
Printing an image .................................................................................52
Setting printing options ......................................................................53
Chapter 4: Viewing and Navigating Images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Looking at the Image Window ......................................................................57
Zooming In and Out of Image Windows ......................................................60
Zooming with keyboard shortcuts ....................................................60
Using the Zoom tool ............................................................................60
Other ways to zoom ............................................................................62
Handling the Hand tool .......................................................................63
Rotating with the Rotate View tool ....................................................64
Cruising with the Navigator Panel ...............................................................65
Choosing a Screen Mode ..............................................................................66
Getting Precise Layout Results ....................................................................67
Creating guides ....................................................................................68
Using guides .........................................................................................69
Using grids ............................................................................................70
Measuring Onscreen .....................................................................................71
Measuring an object ............................................................................71
Measuring an angle ..............................................................................72
Using the Info Panel .......................................................................................72
Working with Extras ......................................................................................75
Managing Images with Adobe Bridge ..........................................................75
Brief anatomy of Bridge ......................................................................77
Confi guring the Bridge window ..........................................................80
Using the Menu bar and buttons .......................................................81
Using keywords ....................................................................................88
Creating PDF Presentations ..........................................................................89
Creating a Web Gallery .................................................................................92
Introducing Mini Bridge ................................................................................94
Chapter 5: Customizing Your Workspace and Preferences . . . . . . . . .97
Creating Workspace Presets ........................................................................97
Creating and Deleting Workspace Presets .................................................99
Customizing Keyboard Shortcuts ................................................................99
Customizing Menus .....................................................................................101
Setting Your Preferences ............................................................................102
Setting general preferences ..............................................................103
Customizing the interface .................................................................107
Deciding how you want fi les handled..............................................108
Handling performance options ........................................................111
Adjusting your cursors .....................................................................114
Adjusting transparency and gamut .................................................115
Setting measurement preferences ...................................................117
Setting up guides, grids, and slices .................................................118
Adding plug-ins ..................................................................................119
Specifying type options .....................................................................121
Using the Preset Manager ...........................................................................122
Book II: Image Essentials
Chapter 1: Specifying Size and Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125
Putting Images under the Microscope ......................................................126
Vector images .....................................................................................126
Raster images .....................................................................................127
Viewing Raster Images Onscreen ..............................................................128
Using the Image Size Command .................................................................129
Resampling Images ......................................................................................131
Adding pixels to an image .................................................................132
Taking pixels out of an image ...........................................................133
Changing the Canvas Size ...........................................................................135
Cropping an Image .......................................................................................136
Using the Crop tool ............................................................................138
Cropping with the Marquee tool ......................................................139
Using the Trim command .................................................................139
Using the Crop and Straighten Photo command ...........................140
Chapter 2: Choosing Color Modes and File Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141
Selecting a Color Mode ...............................................................................141
RGB Color............................................................................................142
CMYK Color ........................................................................................143
Grayscale ............................................................................................144
Monotone, Duotone, Tritone, and Quadtone .................................144
Indexed Color .....................................................................................145
Lab Color .............................................................................................146
Bitmap .................................................................................................147
Multichannel .......................................................................................148
Converting to a Different Color Mode .......................................................148
Converting from RGB to CMYK ........................................................149
Converting to grayscale ....................................................................149
Using the Conditional Mode Change command .............................151
Choosing the Right File Format .................................................................152
TIFF ......................................................................................................152
JPEG .....................................................................................................154
JPEG 2000 ............................................................................................155
GIF ........................................................................................................156
EPS .......................................................................................................156
PDF: The universal donor .................................................................157
Photoshop...........................................................................................159
Photoshop Raw ..................................................................................160
Camera Raw ........................................................................................160
BMP ......................................................................................................162
Large Document Format (PSB).........................................................163
Other fi le formats ...............................................................................163
Chapter 3: Using and Managing Color . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .165
Dealing with Foreground and Background Colors ..................................165
Defi ning Color ..............................................................................................166
Poking around Color Picker ..............................................................167
Mixing with the Color panel .............................................................169
Grabbing color from the Swatches panel .......................................171
Lifting and sampling color ................................................................172
Using the Color Sampler tool to measure color .............................173
Finding and Sharing Color Themes with Kuler ........................................175
Color Management Essentials ....................................................................176
Setting up your work environment ..................................................178
Calibrating your monitor ..................................................................178
Establishing Your Settings .........................................................................180
Handling Photoshop’s predefi ned settings ....................................180
Indicating your working spaces .......................................................182
Working with your newly defi ned settings .....................................185
Setting color-management policies .................................................186
Getting Consistent Color among Adobe Applications ............................189
Proofi ng Colors in the Final Output (Soft Proofi ng) ................................191
Chapter 4: Time Travel — Undoing in Photoshop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .193
Undoing What’s Done with the Undo Command .....................................193
Reverting to What’s Saved .........................................................................194
Working with the Almighty History Panel ................................................194
Understanding states and snapshots ..............................................195
Introducing History panel options and tools .................................195
Viewing an Image’s Various States ............................................................196
Going back to a particular state .......................................................197
Reviewing your image at different states........................................197
Purging and clearing all states .........................................................197
Navigating the history list.................................................................197
Looking at the History Options Dialog Box ..............................................198
Taking Snapshots ........................................................................................199
Restoring Part of an Image .........................................................................201
Using the Eraser with the Erase to History option ........................201
Using the History Brush tool ............................................................203
Using the Fill with History feature ...................................................203
Using the Art History Brush tool .....................................................204
Chapter 5: Creating Actions for Productivity and Fun . . . . . . . . . . . . .207
Using the Actions Panel ..............................................................................207
Introducing Preset Actions .........................................................................209
Loading preset actions ......................................................................209
Playing a preset action ......................................................................210
Creating a New Action .................................................................................211
Editing and Managing Actions ...................................................................212
Rerecording an action .......................................................................213
Editing an action ................................................................................213
Creating and Saving Actions Sets ..............................................................215
Batch Processing Actions ...........................................................................215
Creating Droplets .........................................................................................218
Book III: Selections
Chapter 1: Making Selections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .221
Defi ning Selections ......................................................................................221
Marqueeing When You Can ........................................................................222
Using the Rectangular Marquee tool ...............................................222
Using the Elliptical Marquee tool.....................................................223
Using the Single Column and Single Row Marquee tools..............224
Using the Marquee options ..............................................................224
Lassoing (When You Can’t Marquee) .......................................................229
Selecting straight sides with the Polygonal Lasso tool .................232
Attracting with the Magnetic Lasso tool .........................................234
Adjusting the Magnetic Lasso options ............................................235
Performing Wand Wizardry ........................................................................236
Selecting with the Magic Wand tool ................................................236
Setting your tolerance .......................................................................237
Using the Magic Wand Options bar .................................................238
Saving Time with the Quick Selection Tool ..............................................239
Chapter 2: Creating and Working with Paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .241
Introducing Paths ........................................................................................241
Creating a Path with the Pen Tool .............................................................243
Knowing your Pen tool options........................................................243
Creating your fi rst work path ...........................................................243
Drawing curves ..................................................................................246
Connecting a straight segment to a curve segment ......................248
Connecting curve segments with cusp points ...............................248
Closing a path .....................................................................................249
Creating subpaths ..............................................................................249
Working with the Paths Panel ....................................................................250
Creating a path ...................................................................................251
Creating a new path ...........................................................................251
Saving a work path.............................................................................251
Deleting, duplicating, and renaming a path ....................................251
Stroking a path ...................................................................................252
Filling a path .......................................................................................253
Loading Paths as Selections .......................................................................254
Turning a Selection into a Path ..................................................................255
Using the Kinder Freeform Pen ..................................................................256
Curve Fit ..............................................................................................257
Magnetic ..............................................................................................258
Width, Contrast, Frequency, and Pen Pressure .............................258
Creating Paths without the Pen .................................................................258
Editing Paths ................................................................................................260
Using the Options Bar .................................................................................263
Chapter 3: Modifying and Transforming Selections and Paths . . . . .265
Achieving Selection Perfection ..................................................................265
Adding to a selection .........................................................................266
Subtracting from a selection ............................................................267
Intersecting two selections ...............................................................268
Getting the Keys to Behave ........................................................................268
Using the Select Menu .................................................................................269
Selecting all or nothing .....................................................................270
Reselecting a selection ......................................................................270
Swapping a selection .........................................................................270
Feathering a selection .......................................................................271
Using the other Modify commands .................................................272
Applying the Grow and Similar commands ....................................273
Moving and Cloning Selections ..................................................................274
Cloning ................................................................................................274
Moving the selection outline, but not the pixels ...........................275
Transforming Pixels ....................................................................................275
Transforming Selection Marquees ............................................................278
Using Content-Aware Scaling .....................................................................279
Transforming Paths .....................................................................................280
Book IV: Painting, Drawing, and Typing 
Chapter 1: Painting and Drawing with Photoshop. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .287
Introducing the Pencil and Brush Tools ...................................................287
Finding out what the Pencil tool does .............................................288
Using the Pencil tool ..........................................................................289
Painting with the Brush tool .............................................................290
Blending with the Mixer Brush tool.................................................291
Working with the Brush panel..........................................................293
Choosing a brush-tip shape ..............................................................294
Using the preset brushes ..................................................................297
Viewing preset brushes.....................................................................298
Drawing with Vector Shapes ......................................................................302
Drawing a preset shape .....................................................................303
Drawing multiple shapes in a shape layer ......................................305
Setting Geometry options .................................................................306
Creating your own custom shape ....................................................309
Using vector masks ............................................................................309
Manipulating shapes .........................................................................310
Chapter 2: Filling and Stroking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .311
Filling a Selection with a Solid Color .........................................................311
Fill Options and Tips ...................................................................................312
Pouring with the Paint Bucket Tool ..........................................................314
Stroking a Selection .....................................................................................315
Working with Gradients ..............................................................................317
Applying a preset gradient to a selection .......................................318
Customizing and editing gradients ..................................................320
Adding transparency to a gradient ..................................................323
Managing and Saving Gradients .................................................................325
Working with Patterns ................................................................................326
Applying a preset pattern .................................................................326
Creating a new pattern ......................................................................327
Chapter 3: Creating and Editing Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .329
Selecting a Type Mode ................................................................................329
Understanding Different Kinds of Type ....................................................330
Exploring the Type Tools ...........................................................................331
Entering Text in Point Type Mode .............................................................332
Entering Text in Paragraph Type Mode ....................................................333
Creating Type on or in a Path ....................................................................334
Using the Options Bar .................................................................................335
Working with the Character Panel ............................................................337
Leading ................................................................................................337
Tracking ..............................................................................................338
Kerning ................................................................................................338
Vertical and Horizontal Scale ...........................................................339
Baseline shift and text attributes .....................................................339
Working with the Paragraph Panel ............................................................341
Changing paragraph alignment ........................................................341
Changing paragraph justifi cation.....................................................342
Changing paragraph indentation .....................................................342
Changing spacing between paragraphs ..........................................342
Breaking long words across two lines.............................................342
Editing Text ..................................................................................................343
Finding and replacing text ................................................................343
Checking your spelling ......................................................................344
Masking, Shaping, and Warping Type .......................................................345
Playing with type layer opacity ........................................................345
Creating fade effects ..........................................................................346
Creating type outlines .......................................................................349
Rasterizing your type layer ..............................................................350
Transforming type into vector shapes and paths .........................351
Wreaking havoc on your type ..........................................................352
Book V: Working with Layers
Chapter 1: Creating Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .359
Getting to Know the Layers Panel .............................................................359
Looking at the Background and Layers ....................................................362
Introducing Different Types of Layers ......................................................364
Using plain vanilla layers ..................................................................364
Using adjustment layers....................................................................365
Taking advantage of fi ll layers ..........................................................368
Making use of shape layers...............................................................370
Using type layers................................................................................370
Making Layers ..............................................................................................372
Creating a new layer ..........................................................................372
Using Layer via Copy and Layer via Cut .........................................373
Duplicating layers ..............................................................................374
Compositing with Multiple Images ............................................................374
Copying and pasting images .............................................................374
Dragging and dropping layers ..........................................................375
Using the Paste Special commands .................................................376
Transforming Layers ...................................................................................378
Using Puppet Warp ......................................................................................379
Auto-Align Layers ........................................................................................380
Auto-Blend Layers .......................................................................................383
Chapter 2: Managing Layers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .389
Rearranging Layers .....................................................................................390
Moving Layer Elements ...............................................................................391
Aligning and Distributing Layers ...............................................................394
Linking Layers ..............................................................................................396
Locking Layers .............................................................................................397
Color-Coding Layers ....................................................................................398
Creating Layer Groups ................................................................................399
Flattening and Merging Layers ...................................................................400
Merging layers ....................................................................................401
Flattening layers .................................................................................402
Working with the Layer Comps Panel .......................................................404
Chapter 3: Playing with Opacity and Blend Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .407
Adjusting Layer Opacity .............................................................................407
Adjusting the Fill Opacity ...........................................................................409
Creating Effects with Blend Modes ...........................................................409
General blend modes.........................................................................410
Blend modes that darken ..................................................................410
Blend modes that lighten ..................................................................412
Lighting blend modes ........................................................................413
Blend modes that invert ...................................................................415
HSL color model blend modes .........................................................416
Working with the Advanced Blending Options ........................................417
Advanced options to blend with ......................................................417
Blend If options ..................................................................................420
Chapter 4: Getting Jazzy with Layer Styles and Clipping Groups . . . . . .423
Layer Styles Basics ......................................................................................423
Introducing the Many Layer Styles ...........................................................424
Applying a Layer Effect ...............................................................................426
Managing and Editing Layer Styles ...........................................................427
Managing layer styles ........................................................................428
Editing drop shadow or inner shadow effects ...............................428
Changing default inner and outer glow effects ..............................430
Editing Bevel and Emboss Effects .............................................................431
Structure .............................................................................................431
Shading ................................................................................................432
Texture ................................................................................................432
Contour ...............................................................................................433
Editing Satin Effects .....................................................................................433
Changing Overlay Effects ............................................................................433
Changing Stroke Effects ..............................................................................434
Playing with Contours .................................................................................434
Adjusting contour settings ...............................................................436
Modifying contours with the Contour Editor .................................436
Applying and Modifying Preset Styles ......................................................437
Managing preset styles .....................................................................439
Saving your own style .......................................................................440
Clipping Layers into Masks ........................................................................441
Chapter 5: Working with Smart Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .447
Introducing Smart Objects .........................................................................447
Creating Smart Objects ...............................................................................448
Placing artwork ..................................................................................448
Copying and pasting ..........................................................................450
Converting a layer into a Smart Object and vice versa.................451
Creating one Smart Object from another .......................................452
Editing Smart Objects .................................................................................453
Replacing contents ............................................................................454
Exporting contents ............................................................................455
Book VI: Channels and Masks
Chapter 1: Using Channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .459
Understanding Channels ............................................................................459
Working with Channels ...............................................................................461
Viewing channels without a remote ................................................462
Changing the default channel view ..................................................462
Duplicating and deleting channels ..................................................463
Rearranging and renaming channels ...............................................465
Splitting channels ..............................................................................465
Merging channels ...............................................................................466
Using Painting and Editing Tools with Channels .....................................467
Introducing Alpha Channels .......................................................................468
Saving a selection as an alpha channel ...........................................469
Loading an alpha channel .................................................................470
Using the Channel Mixer .............................................................................471
Chapter 2: Quick-and-Dirty Masking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .477
Working with Quick Masks .........................................................................478
Using the Color Range Command ..............................................................480
Starting with Color Range basics .....................................................480
Executing the Color Range command .............................................481
Selective Erasing with the Eraser Tools ...................................................483
Erasing to the background or transparency ..................................483
Selecting and erasing by color .........................................................485
Removing an image’s background ...................................................486
Chapter 3: Getting Exact with Advanced Masking Techniques. . . . . . . .489
Working with the Masks Panel ...................................................................489
Working with Layer Masks .........................................................................491
Creating layer masks .........................................................................492
Using the Gradient and Brush tools on a layer mask ....................492
Managing layer masks .......................................................................494
Creating and Editing Vector Masks ...........................................................497
Adding a vector mask to a layer ......................................................498
Managing vector masks.....................................................................499
Creating Channel Masks .............................................................................499
Book VII: Filters and Distortions
Chapter 1: Making Corrections with Daily Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .509
You Say You Want a Convolution? ............................................................509
Corrective and destructive fi lters ....................................................510
Filter basics ........................................................................................510
Introducing Smart Filters ............................................................................511
Sharpening What’s Soft ...............................................................................515
Sharpen ...............................................................................................516
Sharpen More .....................................................................................516
Sharpen Edges ....................................................................................517
Smart Sharpen ....................................................................................517
Unsharp Mask .....................................................................................519
Blurring What’s Sharp .................................................................................519
Smoothing with the Facet and Median Filters .........................................521
The Facet fi lter ...................................................................................522
The Median fi lter ................................................................................523
Applying a Filter Again ................................................................................524
Fading a Filter ...............................................................................................525
Selectively Applying a Filter .......................................................................525
Chapter 2: Applying Filters for Special Occasions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .529
Working in the Filter Gallery ......................................................................530
Getting Artsy ................................................................................................532
Stroking Your Image with Filters ...............................................................534
Distorting for Fun ........................................................................................536
Pumping Up the Noise ................................................................................540
Pumping Down the Noise ...........................................................................541
Breaking Your Image into Pieces ...............................................................542
Rendering .....................................................................................................543
Using the Clouds fi lter .......................................................................543
Creating fi bers ....................................................................................544
Using other rendering fi lters ............................................................544
Getting Organic with the Sketch Filters ....................................................547
Adding Texture ............................................................................................551
Looking at the Other Filters .......................................................................552
Chapter 3: Distorting with the Liquify Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .555
Exploring the Liquify Window ....................................................................555
The painting tools ..............................................................................556
The other tools ...................................................................................558
The Options Areas .......................................................................................559
Transforming an Image ...............................................................................561
Mastering Freezing and Thawing ...............................................................564
Reconstructing an Image ............................................................................565
Extending and Cloning Distortions ............................................................566
Reconstruct modes ............................................................................566
More Reconstruct modes .................................................................567
Using Displace, Amplitwist, and Affi ne ...........................................567
Book VIII: Retouching and Restoration
Chapter 1: Enhancing Images with Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .571
Introducing the Histogram Panel ...............................................................571
Choosing Automatic Color Correctors .....................................................575
Auto Tone ...........................................................................................576
Auto Color ...........................................................................................577
Auto Contrast .....................................................................................577
Setting Auto Color Correction Options .....................................................578
Using Simple Color Correctors ..................................................................580
Applying Brightness/Contrast ..........................................................580
Tweaking with the Color Balance controls .....................................580
Fixing lighting with Shadows/Highlights .........................................582
Adjusting exposure ............................................................................585
Using HDR Toning ..............................................................................587
Correcting colorcast with Variations ..............................................588
Washing out color with Desaturate .................................................588
Working with Professional Color Correctors ...........................................592
Leveling for better contrast ..............................................................592
Setting black and white points manually ........................................594
Adjusting curves for hard-to-correct photos .................................596
Converting to Black & White ............................................................600
Getting colorful with Hue/Saturation ..............................................601
Using the Colorize option .................................................................602
Pumping up the Vibrance .................................................................603
Matching Color between Documents ........................................................605
Switching Colors with Replace Color ........................................................608
Increasing and Decreasing Color ...............................................................610
Using the Selective Color command ................................................610
Using gradient maps ..........................................................................610
Adding color with photo fi lters ........................................................611
Playing with the color mappers .......................................................612
Chapter 2: Repairing with Focus and Toning Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .617
Lightening and Darkening with Dodge and Burn Tools ..........................617
Turning Down the Color with the Sponge Tool .......................................620
Smoothing with the Smudge Tool .............................................................621
Softening with the Blur Tool ......................................................................623
Cranking Up the Focus with the Sharpen Tool ........................................624
Chapter 3: Fixing Flaws and Removing What’s Not Wanted . . . . . . .627
Cloning with the Clone Stamp Tool ...........................................................627
Using the Clone Stamp tool ..............................................................628
Tips for excellent cloning results ....................................................632
Digital Bandaging with the Healing Brush Tool .......................................632
Patching without Seams .............................................................................635
Zeroing In with the Spot Healing Brush ....................................................636
Colorizing with the Color Replacement Tool ...........................................638
Getting Rid of Dreaded Red-Eye .................................................................640
Working with Vanishing Point ...................................................................641
Book IX: Photoshop and Print
Chapter 1: Prepping Graphics for Print . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .649
Getting the Right Resolution, Mode, and Format ....................................649
Resolution and modes .......................................................................649
Screen frequencies ............................................................................650
File formats .........................................................................................651
Working with a Service Bureau ..................................................................651
Getting the ball rolling.......................................................................652
Using a prepress checklist ................................................................652
Saving and Printing Vector Data in a Raster File .....................................654
Choosing Color Management Print Options ............................................654
Getting Four-Color Separations .................................................................657
Creating Spot Color Separations ...............................................................660
Creating a spot channel ....................................................................661
Editing a spot channel .......................................................................663
Chapter 2: Using Photomerge and Merge to HDR Pro . . . . . . . . . . . . .665
Using the Photomerge Command ..............................................................665
Using the Merge to HDR Pro Command ....................................................668
Bonus Chapters .......... On the Web
Bonus Chapter 1: Prepping Web Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BC1
Understanding Basic Web Optimization ..................................................BC2
Choosing the Right File Format ................................................................BC4
Using a Web-Safe Panel and Hexadecimal Colors .................................BC13
Keeping Color Consistent in Web Images ..............................................BC15
Making Type Look Good Onscreen ........................................................BC15
Optimizing Images with Save for Web & Devices .................................BC18
Bonus Chapter 2: Slicing Web Images. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BC31
Why Slice? ..................................................................................................BC31
Slicing Up Images ......................................................................................BC32
Selecting and Modifying Slices ................................................................BC36
Setting Slice Options ................................................................................BC39
Saving Your Slices ....................................................................................BC40
Bonus Chapter 3: Other Sources of Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . BC47
Applying Notes ..........................................................................................BC47
Working with Metadata ............................................................................BC50
Accessing Help When You Need It .........................................................BC52
Index ....................................................................... 673


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About This Book
This book is written for the person who has a good grasp of using a computer
and navigating the operating system and at least a cursory knowledge
of Photoshop. It is intended to be a comprehensive reference book that you
can read cover to cover or reach for when you’re looking for specific information
about a particular task.

Wherever I can, I sneak in a useful tip or an interesting technique to help
you put Photoshop to work for your project needs.

Sometimes, knowing how to use a tool doesn’t necessarily mean that you
know what to do with it. That’s why this book contains several Putting It
Together exercises that help you make a connection between the multiple
Photoshop tools at your disposal and the very specific task you need to
accomplish. Want to get the red out of a subject’s eyes or create a collage?
Just check out the Putting It Together sections in Books III through IX. These
sections present info in easy-to-follow numbered steps, in a hands-on style,
building on what’s presented in the chapter so that you can go to the next
level, put concepts to work, and move on to the next task.

You can find images that appear within the Putting It Together sections on
this book’s companion Web site (www.dummies.com/go/photoshopcs5aiofd), 
so you can follow along precisely with the steps.

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