The Origins of Sex: A History of the First Sexual Revolution

The Origins of Sex: A History of the First Sexual Revolution

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by Faramerz Dabhoiwala

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Book Details
 513 p
 File Size 
 12,637 KB
 File Type
 PDF format
 2012 by Faramerz Dabhoiwala 

I should never have aspired to become a historian, nor persevered with
this book, without the example and encouragement of several outstanding
scholars and friends. I recall with gratitude the support of Ian Archer,
Peter Biller, Jan Blokker, Michael Braddick, Robin Briggs, Marilyn Butler,
Robert Darnton, Rees Davies, Anthony Fletcher, Clive Holmes, Joanna
Innes, Ian Kershaw, Paul Langford, Diarmaid MacCulloch, David
Parrott, Hanna Pickard, Lyndal Roper, Paul Slack, Robert Shoemaker,
Lawrence Stone, Keith Thomas, Simon Walker, David Wootton, and
Keith Wrightson. I am especially thankful for the unceasing kindness
of Martin Ingram, who supervised my early researches, and of John
Maddicott and Christina de Bellaigue, who have each helped me in innumerable ways.

I am profoundly obliged to the institutions that have sustained me
at Oxford: the Faculty of History, All Souls College, and, most of all,
Exeter College. I must acknowledge as well the support of the Lewis
Walpole Library at Yale University and of the Arts and Humanities
Research Board of the United Kingdom. And I rejoice in the vigilance
and good humour of my publisher, Stuart Proffi tt.

How very much I am indebted on particular points to the scholarship
of others will, I hope, be evident from the notes. The book also
owes an enormous amount to the intellectual stimulus of my students
at Oxford, and to the benevolent interest of many colleagues across the
world – historians, literary critics, lawyers, philosophers, and others –
who have helped me discuss my ideas, supplied me with valuable
references, and read drafts of the text. I am deeply grateful to them all.
The dedication records my happiest, most important obligation of
all, to my three favourite readers.

Table of Contents
Acknowledgements xi
Prologue: The Culture of Discipline 1
The Medieval Background 4
Reformed Morality 11
Power and Punishment 16
The Foundations of Sexual Discipline 27
1 The Decline and Fall of Public Punishment 37
The Drive towards Perfection 40
Triumph and Failure 45
God’s Revolution 52
Societies of Virtue 55
From Amateurs to Professionals 61
Hierarchy and Hypocrisy 66
Crimes and Punishments 71
The End of Legal Discipline 77
2 The Rise of Sexual Freedom 79
Religious and Moral Toleration 80
Freedom and Conscience 85
Moral Laws and Moral Truths 93
Natural Law and Natural Ethics 99
Private Vices, Public Benefi ts 110
Liberty Bounded and Extended 116
Thinking the Unthinkable 128
Enlightened Attitudes 138
3 The Cult of Seduction 141
Scientifi c Explanations? 143
The Rise of the Libertine 144
Rakes and Harlots 153
Feminine Perspectives 160
Novel Attitudes 169
4 The New World of Men and Women 180
Politeness and Sensibility 181
Nature and Nurture 190
Marriage and Money 201
Punishing Seduction 212
Polygamy and Population 215
Modern Principles 232
5 The Origins of White Slavery 234
Prostitution and Philanthropy 235
Penitence and Resurrection 247
Sex and Work 250
Self-interest and Sexual Interest 257
Inside the Asylum 264
Chastity and Class 270
Rescue and Reformation 278
6 The Media and the Message 282
The Growth of Mass Culture 283
Sexual Celebrity 296
The Explosion of Print 313
The Manipulation of Publicity 319
Private and Public Affairs 329
Fame and Fortune 334
Self-promotion and Exploitation 336
Celebrating Sex 342
Epilogue: Modern Cultures of Sex – from the
Victorians to the Twenty-fi rst Century 349
Repression and Control 350
Liberty and Equality 360
Notes 365
List of Illustrations 447
Index 453

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