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Windows 10: The Missing Manual

Windows 10: The Missing Manual

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“The Missing Manual series is simply the most intelligent and usable series of guidebooks…” 

—KEVIN KELLY, CO-FOUNDER OF WIRED

by David Pogue

Covers Desktop PCs, Laptops, and Tablets

The book that should have been in the box®


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Book Details
 Price
 3.00
 Pages
 691 p
 File Size 
 33,845 KB
 File Type
 PDF format
 ISBN
 978-1-491-94717-3   
 Copyright©   
 2015 David Pogue 

About the Author
David Pogue (author, illustrator) wrote the weekly tech column for
The New York Times for 13 years. In late 2013, he joined Yahoo to
launch a new consumer tech site for non-techies: yahootech.com.
He’s also a monthly columnist for Scientific American, a three-time
Emmy-winning correspondent for CBS News Sunday Morning, the
host of four NOVA miniseries on PBS, and the creator of the Missing
Manual series. He’s written or cowritten over 80 books, including 38 in this series,
six in the For Dummies line (including Macs, Magic, Opera, and Classical Music), two
novels (one for middle-schoolers), and The World According to Twitter. In his other
life, David is a former Broadway show conductor, a magician, and a funny public
speaker. He lives in Connecticut with his wife, Nicki, and three awesome children.
Links to his columns and videos await at www.davidpogue.com. He welcomes feedback
about his books by email at david@pogueman.com.

About the Creative Team
Julie Van Keuren (editor, indexer, layout) quit her newspaper job in 2006 to move
to Montana and live the freelancing dream. She and her husband, M.H.—who’s living
the novel-writing dream—have two teenage sons, Dexter and Michael. 
Phil Simpson (design and layout) runs his graphic design business from Southbury,
Connecticut. His work includes corporate branding, publication design, communications
support, and advertising. In his free time, he is a homebrewer, ice cream maker,
wannabe woodworker, and is on a few tasting panels. He lives with his wife and four
great felines. Email: phil.simpson@pmsgraphics.com.

Introduction
Even Microsoft admits it now: Windows 8 was a huge mistake. It was, in essence,
two radically different operating systems, superimposed. There
was the regular desktop, which worked a lot like the popular Windows 7. And
then, lying over it, there was a new, colorful world of tiles and modern typography—I
called it “TileWorld,” since Microsoft didn’t have a name for it—that was designed
for the new world of touchscreen tablets and laptops.

Unfortunately, the result was two Web browsers, two Control Panels, two mail programs,
two ways of doing everything. And, in general, people couldn’t stand it.
In hopes of getting as far away from Windows 8 as possible, Microsoft skipped Windows
9 entirely; there never was a Windows 9. But now there’s Windows 10.

In this new operating system, Microsoft achieved something rather brilliant: It eliminated
the split personality of Windows 8 but managed to retain the touch-friendly
features. Just in case, you know, the world moves to touchscreen computers after all.
If you’re a PC veteran, then you’ll recognize Windows 10: It’s pretty much Windows 7
with a few new features and nicer typography.

And if you’re relatively new to all this, then get down on your knees beside your bed
tonight and thank whatever you believe in that you were spared the emotional and
mental whiplash of Microsoft’s changing its mind.

Table of Contents
The Missing Credits............................................................................... xv
Introduction........................................................................................... 1
What’s New in Windows 10............................................................................................................... 1
About This Book.................................................................................................................................. 8
The Very Basics.................................................................................................................................... 11
About MissingManuals.com.............................................................................................................. 16
Part One: The Windows Desktop
Chapter 1: Desktop & Start Menu
The Lock Screen.................................................................................................................................. 19
The Login Screen................................................................................................................................. 20
The Desktop......................................................................................................................................... 22
Meet the Start Menu........................................................................................................................... 22
Start Menu: The Left Side................................................................................................................... 24
Start Menu: The Right Side................................................................................................................ 31
Shutting Down..................................................................................................................................... 38
Navigating the Start Menu by Keyboard.......................................................................................... 41
Jump Lists in the Start Menu............................................................................................................. 42
The Secret Start Menu........................................................................................................................ 43
Chapter 2: File Explorer, Taskbar & Action Center
Universal Window Controls............................................................................................................... 45
Window Management........................................................................................................................ 48
The Ribbon........................................................................................................................................... 56
File Explorer Window Controls.......................................................................................................... 63
Optional Window Panes..................................................................................................................... 67
Libraries................................................................................................................................................ 72
Tags, Metadata, and Properties......................................................................................................... 77
Window Views..................................................................................................................................... 80
Sorting, Grouping, and Filtering........................................................................................................ 83
The “Folder Options” Options........................................................................................................... 86
Taskbar 2.0........................................................................................................................................... 92
Jump Lists in the Taskbar................................................................................................................... 98
The System Tray (Notification Center)............................................................................................. 102
Three Ways to Get the Taskbar Out of Your Hair............................................................................ 106
Taskbar Toolbars.................................................................................................................................. 108
Notifications......................................................................................................................................... 111
The Action Center................................................................................................................................ 113
Chapter 3: Organizing & Finding Your Files
The Search Box.................................................................................................................................... 119
File Explorer Window Searches......................................................................................................... 124
The Search Index................................................................................................................................. 130
Customizing Search............................................................................................................................ 133
The Folders of Windows 10............................................................................................................... 137
Selecting Icons..................................................................................................................................... 142
Life with Icons...................................................................................................................................... 145
Shortcut Icons...................................................................................................................................... 151
Copying and Moving Folders and Files............................................................................................ 154
The Recycle Bin................................................................................................................................... 157
OneDrive.............................................................................................................................................. 161
Compressing Files and Folders......................................................................................................... 167
Burning CDs and DVDs from the Desktop....................................................................................... 171
ISO Disk Images.................................................................................................................................. 171
Chapter 4: Redesigning the Desktop
Wallpaper, Color, and Themes.......................................................................................................... 173
Screensavers........................................................................................................................................ 183
Turning Off the New Look.................................................................................................................. 185
Monitor Settings.................................................................................................................................. 187
Multiple Monitors................................................................................................................................ 190
Virtual Screens..................................................................................................................................... 193
Chapter 5: Cortana, Your Voice Assistant
Setting Up Cortana.............................................................................................................................. 196
How to Use Cortana........................................................................................................................... 198
What to Say to Cortana...................................................................................................................... 199
Cortana’s Personality.......................................................................................................................... 211
Cortana’s Cards—and the Notebook ............................................................................................... 216
Cortana Settings.................................................................................................................................. 219
Part Two: The Programs of Windows 10
Chapter 6: Programs & Documents
Opening Programs.............................................................................................................................. 223
An (Unfortunately) Necessary Word on Windows 8 Apps............................................................ 224
The App Switcher: Alt+Tab................................................................................................................. 226
Task View: The New Alt+Tab.............................................................................................................. 226
Exiting Programs.................................................................................................................................. 228
When Programs Die: The Task Manager......................................................................................... 228
Saving Documents.............................................................................................................................. 232
Closing Documents............................................................................................................................. 235
The Open Dialog Box.......................................................................................................................... 236
Moving Data Between Documents................................................................................................... 236
Speech Recognition............................................................................................................................. 239
Filename Extensions and File Associations...................................................................................... 240
Choosing Your Default Apps.............................................................................................................. 247
Installing New Apps............................................................................................................................ 248
Uninstalling Software.......................................................................................................................... 252
Program Compatibility Modes.......................................................................................................... 253
Chapter 7: Settings & Control Panel
The Settings App.................................................................................................................................. 257
System................................................................................................................................................... 259
Devices.................................................................................................................................................. 262
Network & Internet............................................................................................................................. 264
Personalization.................................................................................................................................... 265
Accounts............................................................................................................................................... 265
Time & Language................................................................................................................................ 265
Ease of Access...................................................................................................................................... 266
Privacy.................................................................................................................................................. 269
Update & Security............................................................................................................................... 269
The Control Panel................................................................................................................................ 270
The Control Panel, Applet by Applet................................................................................................ 274
Chapter 8: The Windows Starter Apps
The New, Unified Design of Apps..................................................................................................... 291
3D Builder............................................................................................................................................ 293
Alarms & Clock.................................................................................................................................... 293
Calculator............................................................................................................................................. 296
Calendar............................................................................................................................................... 297
Camera................................................................................................................................................. 303
Character Map .................................................................................................................................... 304
Command Prompt.............................................................................................................................. 305
Contact Support................................................................................................................................... 306
Cortana................................................................................................................................................. 307
Games................................................................................................................................................... 307
Get Office, Get Skype.......................................................................................................................... 307
Get Started........................................................................................................................................... 307
Groove Music....................................................................................................................................... 308
Magnifier.............................................................................................................................................. 312
Mail....................................................................................................................................................... 314
Maps..................................................................................................................................................... 314
Math Input Panel................................................................................................................................. 320
Microsoft Edge..................................................................................................................................... 321
Microsoft Solitaire Collection............................................................................................................. 321
Money................................................................................................................................................... 322
Movies & TV......................................................................................................................................... 323
Music..................................................................................................................................................... 325
Narrator................................................................................................................................................ 325
News..................................................................................................................................................... 326
Notepad................................................................................................................................................ 328
On-Screen Keyboard.......................................................................................................................... 329
OneDrive.............................................................................................................................................. 329
OneNote............................................................................................................................................... 329
Paint...................................................................................................................................................... 331
People................................................................................................................................................... 332
Phone Companion.............................................................................................................................. 337
Photos................................................................................................................................................... 337
Remote Desktop Connection............................................................................................................. 346
Run........................................................................................................................................................ 346
Settings................................................................................................................................................. 346
Skype..................................................................................................................................................... 346
Snipping Tool....................................................................................................................................... 346
Sports.................................................................................................................................................... 349
Steps Recorder..................................................................................................................................... 349
Sticky Notes.......................................................................................................................................... 350
Store...................................................................................................................................................... 351
Voice Recorder..................................................................................................................................... 351
Weather................................................................................................................................................ 353
Windows Defender............................................................................................................................. 355
Windows Fax and Scan...................................................................................................................... 355
Windows Journal................................................................................................................................. 355
Windows Media Player....................................................................................................................... 358
Windows PowerShell.......................................................................................................................... 358
Windows Speech Recognition........................................................................................................... 358
WordPad............................................................................................................................................... 358
Xbox...................................................................................................................................................... 360
XPS Viewer........................................................................................................................................... 364
Part Three: Windows Online
Chapter 9: Getting Online
Connecting to a WiFi Hotspot............................................................................................................ 370
Wired Connections.............................................................................................................................. 373
Tethering and Cellular Modems........................................................................................................ 374
Dial-Up Connections........................................................................................................................... 375
Connection Management................................................................................................................... 375
WiFi Sense............................................................................................................................................ 376
Chapter 10: The Edge Browser
The Start Page...................................................................................................................................... 382
The Address/Search Bar..................................................................................................................... 384
Tabbed Browsing................................................................................................................................. 387
Favorites (Bookmarks)....................................................................................................................... 388
History List............................................................................................................................................ 390
Cortana Meets Edge ........................................................................................................................... 390
Mark Up Your Web Pages.................................................................................................................. 391
Tips for Better Surfing......................................................................................................................... 393
The Keyboard Shortcut Master List.................................................................................................. 397
Chapter 11: Mail
Setting Up............................................................................................................................................. 400
The Amazing Expand-O-Window..................................................................................................... 402
Checking Email.................................................................................................................................... 403
What to Do with a Message............................................................................................................... 404
Account Options.................................................................................................................................. 411
Chapter 12: Security & Privacy
Windows Defender............................................................................................................................. 417
Action Center....................................................................................................................................... 420
Windows Firewall................................................................................................................................ 420
Windows SmartScreen....................................................................................................................... 423
Privacy and Cookies............................................................................................................................ 425
History: Erasing Your Tracks.............................................................................................................. 426
The Pop-Up Blocker............................................................................................................................ 427
InPrivate Browsing.............................................................................................................................. 428
Do Not Track........................................................................................................................................ 429
Hotspot Security.................................................................................................................................. 430
Protect Your Home Wireless Network.............................................................................................. 431
Family Safety (Parental Controls)..................................................................................................... 432
Privacy from Your Apps...................................................................................................................... 436
Part Four: Hardware and Peripherals
Chapter 13: Tablets, Laptops & Hybrids
Battery Saver........................................................................................................................................ 441
For Hybrid PCs Only: Tablet Mode (Continuum)............................................................................ 443
The Onscreen Keyboard.................................................................................................................... 445
Handwriting Recognition.................................................................................................................... 449
Mobility Center.................................................................................................................................... 452
Offline Files and Sync Center............................................................................................................. 453
Windows To Go................................................................................................................................... 454
Dialing In from the Road.................................................................................................................... 455
Chapter 14: Printing, Fonts & PDFs
Installing a Printer............................................................................................................................... 467
Printing................................................................................................................................................. 470
Controlling Printouts........................................................................................................................... 473
Fancy Printer Tricks............................................................................................................................. 474
Printer Troubleshooting...................................................................................................................... 477
Fonts...................................................................................................................................................... 477
PDF Files............................................................................................................................................... 479
Faxing.................................................................................................................................................... 480
Scanning Documents.......................................................................................................................... 480
Chapter 15: Hardware & Drivers
External Gadgets.................................................................................................................................. 484
Troubleshooting Newly Installed Gear............................................................................................. 485
Driver Signing...................................................................................................................................... 487
The Device Manager........................................................................................................................... 487
Part Five: PC Health
Chapter 16: Maintenance, Speed & Troubleshooting
The Action Center................................................................................................................................ 495
Windows Update................................................................................................................................. 495
Task Scheduler..................................................................................................................................... 502
Two Speed Boosts............................................................................................................................... 505
Resetting (Erasing) Your Computer.................................................................................................. 508
Windows Recovery Environment (WinRE)...................................................................................... 510
Troubleshooting Tools........................................................................................................................ 514
Startup Items Revealed....................................................................................................................... 516
Chapter 17: Backups & File History
System Images..................................................................................................................................... 518
System Restore.................................................................................................................................... 521
File History........................................................................................................................................... 526
The USB Recovery Drive.................................................................................................................... 531
Chapter 18: The Disk Chapter
Storage View........................................................................................................................................ 534
Disk Cleanup........................................................................................................................................ 536
Disk Defragmenter.............................................................................................................................. 537
Hard Drive Checkups.......................................................................................................................... 539
Disk Management............................................................................................................................... 540
Storage Spaces..................................................................................................................................... 545
Dynamic Disks..................................................................................................................................... 546
Encrypting Files and Folders.............................................................................................................. 546
BitLocker Drive Encryption................................................................................................................ 549
Part Six: The Windows Network
Chapter 19: Accounts (and Logging On)
Local Accounts vs. Microsoft Accounts............................................................................................ 554
Accounts Central................................................................................................................................. 555
Adding an Account.............................................................................................................................. 558
Editing an Account.............................................................................................................................. 562
Seven Ways to Log In......................................................................................................................... 566
After You’ve Logged On...................................................................................................................... 574
The Forgotten Password Disk............................................................................................................ 575
Deleting Accounts............................................................................................................................... 576
Disabling Accounts.............................................................................................................................. 577
The Guest Account.............................................................................................................................. 577
Fast User Switching............................................................................................................................. 579
Authenticate Yourself: User Account Control.................................................................................. 580
Three Advanced Features Worth Mentioning (Maybe)................................................................. 582
Chapter 20: Setting Up a Small Network
Kinds of Networks............................................................................................................................... 586
The Network and Sharing Center..................................................................................................... 591
Chapter 21: Sharing Files on the Network
Two Ways to Share Files..................................................................................................................... 596
HomeGroups....................................................................................................................................... 597
Sharing Any Folder............................................................................................................................. 604
Accessing Shared Folders................................................................................................................... 608
Mapping Shares to Drive Letters....................................................................................................... 611
Sharing a DVD Drive........................................................................................................................... 614
Corporate Networks........................................................................................................................... 616
Part Seven: Appendixes
Appendix A: Installing & Upgrading to Windows 10
Before You Begin................................................................................................................................. 623
How to Upgrade to Windows 10....................................................................................................... 624
The Clean Install.................................................................................................................................. 631
Jobs Number 1, 2, 3…....................................................................................................................... 634
Appendix B: Where’d It Go?................................................................. 635
Appendix C: Master List of Keyboard Shortcuts & Gestures............. 641
Index....................................................................................................... 651

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About This Book
Despite the many improvements in Windows over the years, one feature hasn’t improved
a bit: Microsoft’s documentation. Not only does Windows 10 come with no
printed user guide at all, but, for the first time, it doesn’t even come with a built-in
Help system!
When you do find online help, you’ll quickly discover that it’s tersely written, offers
very little technical depth, and lacks examples. You can’t mark your place, underline
things, or read it in the bathroom. Some of the help screens are actually on Microsoft’s
Web site; you can’t even see them without an Internet connection. Too bad if you’re
on a plane somewhere with your laptop.

The purpose of this book, then, is to serve as the manual that should have accompanied
Windows. In these pages, you’ll find step-by-step instructions for using almost every
Windows feature, including those you may not have understood, let alone mastered.
Incredibly, Microsoft intends for Windows 10 to run pretty much the same on desktop
PCs and laptops and tablets and phones. This book covers desktops, laptops, and
tablets; the Windows 10 version that runs on phones is just a wee bit too different.

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