Cracking the AP Chemistry Exam

Better Strategies, Higher Scores

2018 Edition

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Book Details
 Price
 2.50 USD
 Pages
 555 p
 File Size
 11,712 KB
 File Type
 PDF format
 ISBN
 9781524710392
 Copyright   
 2017 by TPR Education Worldwide, LLC 

Acknowledgments
The Princeton Review would like to give special thanks to Nick
Leonardi for his hand in revising and updating this title to better
prepare students for the AP Chemistry Exam. Nick would like, in turn,
to thank the AP Chemistry teacher community from the College Board
forums, and his parents, who, despite not knowing chemistry, have
contributed more to his success than anybody else.

Table of Contents
Cover
Title Page
Copyright
Acknowledgments
Register Your Book Online!
Part I: Using This Book to Improve Your AP Score
Preview Activity: Your Knowledge, Your Expectations
Your Guide to Using This Book
How to Begin
Part II: Practice Test 1
Practice Test 1: Answers and Explanations
Part III: About the AP Chemistry Exam
The Structure of the AP Chemistry Exam
Overview of Content Topics
How AP Exams Are Used
Other Resources
Designing Your Study Plan
Part IV: Test-Taking Strategies for the AP Chemistry Exam
1 How to Approach Multiple-Choice Questions
2 How to Approach Free-Response Questions
Part V: Content Review for the AP Chemistry Exam
3 Big Idea #1: Atoms, Elements, and the Building Blocks of Matter
The Periodic Table
Moles
Coulomb’s Law
Photoelectron Spectroscopy
Predicting Ionic Charges
Periodic Trends
Chapter 3 Questions
Chapter 3 Answers and Explanations
4 Big Idea #2: Bonding and Phases
Bonds Overview
Ionic Bonds
Metallic Bonds
Covalent Bonds
Intermolecular Forces
Vapor Pressure
Lewis Dot Structures
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Maxwell-Boltzmann Diagrams
Effusion
The Ideal Gas Equation
Dalton’s Law
Deviations from Ideal Behavior
Density
Solution Separation
Chapter 4 Questions
Chapter 4 Answers and Explanations
5 Big Idea #3: Chemical Reactions, Energy Changes, and Redox
Reactions
Types of Reactions
Chemical Equations
Gravimetric Analysis
Enthalpy
Energy Diagrams
Catalysts and Energy Diagrams
Oxidation States
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Galvanic Cells
Electrolytic Cells
Chapter 5 Questions
Chapter 5 Answers and Explanations
6 Big Idea #4: Chemical Reactions and Their Rates
Rate Law Using Initial Concentrations
Rate Law Using Concentration and Time
Collision Theory
Beer’s Law
Reaction Mechanisms
Catalysts
Chapter 6 Questions
Chapter 6 Answers and Explanations
7 Big Idea #5: Laws of Thermodynamics and Changes in Matter
Heat and Temperature
State Functions
Enthalpy of Formation, ΔHºf
Bond Energy
Hess’s Law
Enthalpy of Solution
Thermodynamics of Phase Change
Calorimetry
Heating Curves
Entropy
Gibbs Free Energy
Free Energy Change, ΔG
ΔG, ΔH, and ΔS
Voltage and Favorability
Chapter 7 Questions
Chapter 7 Answers and Explanations
8 Big Idea #6: Equilibrium, Acids and Bases, Titrations, and
Solubility
The Equilibrium Constant, Keq
Le Châtelier’s Principle
Changes in the Equilibrium Constant
The Reaction Quotient, Q
Solubility
Acids and Bases Definitions
pH
Acid Strengths
Neutralization Reactions
Buffers
Indicators
Titration
Chapter 8 Questions
Chapter 8 Answers and Explanations
9 Laboratory Overview
Part VI: Practice Test 2
Practice Test 2: Answers and Explanations

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YOUR GUIDE TO USING THIS BOOK
This book is organized to provide as much—or as little—support as you
need, so you can use this book in whatever way will be most helpful to
improving your score on the AP Chemistry Exam.
• The remainder of Part I will provide guidance on how to use
this book and help you determine your strengths and weaknesses
Part II of this book contains Practice Test 1, its answers and
explanations, and a scoring guide. (Bubble sheets can be
downloaded here.) We strongly recommend that you take this
test before going any further, in order to realistically determine:
• your starting point right now
• which question types you’re ready for and which you might need to practice
• which content topics you are familiar with and which you will
want to carefully review
Once you have nailed down your strengths and weaknesses with regard to
this exam, you can focus your test preparation, build a study plan, and be
efficient with your time.
Part III of this book will
• provide information about the structure, scoring, and content
of the AP Chemistry Exam
• help you to make a study plan
• point you towards additional resources
Part IV of this book will explore
• how to attack multiple-choice questions
• how to write high-scoring free-response answers
• how to manage your time to maximize the number of points available to you
Part V of this book covers the content you need for your exam.
Part VI of this book contains Practice Test 2, its answers and
explanations, and a scoring guide. (Bubble sheets can be
downloaded here.) If you skipped Practice Test 1, we
recommend that you do both (with at least a day or two between
them) so that you can compare your progress between the two.
Additionally, this will help to identify any external issues: If you
get a certain type of question wrong both times, you probably
need to review it. If you only got it wrong once, you may have
run out of time or been distracted by something. In either case,
this will allow you to focus on the factors that caused the
discrepancy in scores and to be as prepared as possible on the day of the test.
You may choose to use some parts of this book over others, or you may work
through the entire book. This will depend on your needs and how much time
you have. Let’s now look how to make this determination.
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